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Renewal (Transnistria)

The Republican Party Obnovlenie[2] (Russian: Республиканская партия «Обновление») is a political party in the unrecognized state of Transnistria. It has been the parliamentary majority in the Supreme Council since 2005. The party's Russian-origin name, Obnovlenie, can interchangeably be translated as either "Renovation" or "Renewal", though the latter is generally preferred.

Republican Party Obnovlenie

Республиканская партия «Обновление»
ChairmanMikhail Burla
Founded2000 (2000)
HeadquartersBuilding 192, 3300 9 January Street, Tiraspol, Transnistria
NewspaperObnovlenie
Membership5,000[citation needed]
IdeologyCentrism[1]
Transnistrian nationalism
Political positionCentre
ColorsRed, Green (colors of the Flag of Transnistria)
Slogan"For a decent life and prosperity of the people!"
Seats in the Supreme Council
35 / 43
Website
www.obnovlenie.info

HistoryEdit

The party was founded as a political non-governmental organisation in 2000. Then in the legislative elections of 10 December 2000, it won 7 out of 43 seats.

In the 27 March 2005 local council elections, the party campaigned under the current name above, and won the majority of the seats for the first time in its five-year history.[3] It improved on 11 December 2005 to win 23 of those 43 seats (with another 6 seats going to allies). Since the legislative elections of 2005, it is the majority party in the Supreme Council. The party's leaders in parliament during 2005 were Mikhail Burla and Yevgeny Shevchuk. The latter was elected speaker (chairman) of parliament following the party's sweeping December 2005 win.

It was officially registered as a full political party in June 2006.[4]

There was a debate regarding the position of Obnovlenie in regards to Transnistrian president Igor Smirnov. Most analysts pointed to the party's opposition status, noting that it is not allied with President Igor Smirnov, whose party, Respublica, lost several seats to Renewal in the latest parliamentary election.[5][6][7][8][9] However, others claim that the interests of the "Smirnov clan" are represented in all political movements of Transnistria, including Renewal.[10]

Obnovlenie strengthened their majority in the 2010 elections to 25 seats. In the 2011 presidential election, deputy party chairman Anatoliy Kaminski ran against incumbent Smirnov and Shevchuk, who ran as an independent. Shevchuk defeated Kaminski in the run-off.

During Yevgeny Shevchuk's presidency, Obnovlenie held a majority in the Supreme Council of Transnistria and was mildly opposed to his policies. On 25 December 2012, the Supreme Council voted against a new state budget proposed by the government.[11][12] Thus Transnistria is currently functioning without adopted state budget for the first time in its history. In spite of attempts to find compromise and formation of the joint commission to resolve conflict, these attempts did not lead to any results. In 2012-2013 members of the Supreme Council from the Obnovlenie Party voted against a number of important bills proposed by President Shevchuk and by Prime Minister Pyotr Stepanov, including bills aimed to reform Internal Revenue Code and to introduce value-added taxation in Transnistria.[13]

In the 2015 legislative elections, Obnovlenie strengthened their majority by winning 10 more seats in the Supreme Council. Their candidate for the 2016 presidential election, Vadim Krasnoselsky, was also victorious, defeating incumbent president Yevgeny Shevchuk with 62.3% of the vote.[14]

Electoral resultsEdit

ParliamentaryEdit

Supreme Council
Election year Seats +/– Government
2000
7 / 43
Opposition
2005
23 / 43
  16 Majority
2010
25 / 43
  2 Majority
2015
35 / 43
[15]
  10 Majority

PresidentialEdit

Election year Candidate Votes % Position Result
2011 Anatoliy Kaminski 44,071 19.67 2nd Not elected
2016 Vadim Krasnoselsky 157,410 62.30   1st Elected

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "Transnistria". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ Official website (in English)
  3. ^ Background to the election: Sheriff and Renewal
  4. ^ International Crisis Group report - Moldova's uncertain future, page 10 Archived 2007-01-12 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Moldova's uncertain future Archived 2007-03-11 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Transnistria 2006: Is Regime Change Underway?
  7. ^ Political Crisis around the self-proclaimed republic of Transnistria
  8. ^ The Old Guard Wins in Transdniestria Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Parliament Takes on Smirnov Over Pension Reform Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Elections in Transnistria and the context in which they took place
  11. ^ Budget of Transnistria for 2013 is not enacted
  12. ^ The government of the breakaway region of Transnistria withdrew the draft budget for the next year from the Supreme Soviet
  13. ^ Supreme Council declined bill on reform of internal revenue code proposed by the President
  14. ^ Transnistria Parliament Chairman Wins Presidential Elections Sputnik News, December 12, 2016
  15. ^ Первое заседание Верховного совета ПМР нового созыва состоится в среду, Sputnik, 22 Dec 2015

External linksEdit