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Recanati (Italian pronunciation: [rekaˈnaːti]) is a town and comune in the Province of Macerata, in the Marche region of Italy. Recanati was founded around 1150 AD from three pre-existing castles. In 1290 it proclaimed itself an independent republic and, in the 15th century, was famous for its international fair. In March 1798 it was conquered by Napoleon Bonaparte.

Recanati
Città di Recanati
Civic Tower.
Civic Tower.
Coat of arms of Recanati
Coat of arms
Location of Recanati
Recanati is located in Italy
Recanati
Recanati
Location of Recanati in Italy
Recanati is located in Marche
Recanati
Recanati
Recanati (Marche)
Coordinates: 43°24′N 13°33′E / 43.400°N 13.550°E / 43.400; 13.550
CountryItaly
RegionMarche
ProvinceMacerata (MC)
FrazioniBagnolo, Castelnuovo, Chiarino, Le Grazie, Montefiore, Santa Lucia
Government
 • MayorFrancesco Fiordomo (Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total103.46 km2 (39.95 sq mi)
Elevation
296 m (971 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total21,186
 • Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Recanatesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
62019
Dialing code071
Patron saintSt. Vitus
Saint day15 June
WebsiteOfficial website
Leopardi's palace

It is the hometown of the tenor Beniamino Gigli and the poet Giacomo Leopardi, which is why the town is known to some as "the city of poetry". It contains the Teatro Persiani named after Giuseppe Persiani an opera composer, born in 1799.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Town Hall

The origin of Recanati are unclear, although the area was inhabited since prehistoric times by the Piceni. In Roman times, the river Potenza, which was navigable then, saw the rise of two cities: Potentia, at the mouth, and Helvia Recina, located more inland. When the Goths led by Radagaisus ravaged the region around 406 AD, their inhabitants took refuge on the hills, perhaps founding the modern Recanati, which would take its name from Ricina.

In the 12th century, during the controversies between Frederick Barbarossa and the Papacy, Recanati expelled the feudal counts which ruled its area, and gave itself a communal constitution under the lead of consuls (consoli). In 1203 they were replaced by podestà. In 1228, Recanati sided with Barbarossa's nephew, Frederick II, who again was in conflict with the popes; for this aid, the town was given the control of the nearby Adriatic shore, and the right to found a port (the modern Porto Recanati). In 1239, however, Recanati supported the pope, and the following year Gregory IX gave it the title of City and bishopric seat that had been previously held by the nearby Osimo.

In the early 14th century, the strife between Guelphs and Ghibellines, which plagued much of Italy, also affected Recanati. In a series of incidents, citizens of Recanati, among the others, ravaged and plundered the cathedral, and later killed some Guelph (pro-papal) exponents. In response, in 1322, papal mercenaries besieged Recanati, and destroyed its fortifications, the main Ghibelline palaces, and the Priors' Palaces. By 1328, the Pope had pardoned the city; however, her seat as a bishopric was restored only in 1354. In 1415 Recanati hosted former Pope Gregory XII, who died here two years later.

At the time, the town was home to a popular trading fair, which was further boosted by Pope Martin V in 1422. During several centuries of economic prosperity, Recanati became home to prominent jurists, writers, and artists such as Lorenzo Lotto and Guercino.

Recanati was occupied by Napoleonic troops in 1798. In 1831 it took part to the Risorgimento riots, and was annexed to the newly formed Kingdom of Italy in 1860 after the dissolution of most of the Papal States.

Main sightsEdit

Religious buildingsEdit

 
Santa Maria di Montemorello

Secular buildingsEdit

  • Palazzo Venieri, designed by Giuliano da Maiano.
  • Palazzo Mazzagalli, designed by Giuliano da Maiano or Luciano Laurana.
  • Montefiore Castle: dates to the late Middle Ages. It has a polygonal plan with a high tower with merlons.
  • Neolithic necropolises of Fontenoce and Cava Kock (4th millennium BC).
  • Civic Museum of Villa Colloredo Mels: town museum of art and archeology, among the paintings it houses among other paintings, Lotto's Recanati Polyptych.
  • Carabinieri barracks (14th century).

Jewish populationEdit

The city of Recanati had a fairly large Jewish population for hundreds of years. Among the scholars produced by the city were Rabbi Menachem Recanati (1223–90), author of the kabbalistic work The Reasons of the Mitzvot. He was a student of Rabbi Eleazar Rokeiach from Worms, Germany, who was one of the Chassidei Ashkenaz, a group of German pietists. His work, Sefer HaRokeiach, is a guide to ethics and halacha. He wrote a mystical commentary on the Torah. Rabbi Elazar Rokeiach was also the teacher of Nachmanides, whom Rabbi Recanati quotes frequently in his work. Last names have been derived from and changed to Recanati, e.g., Agostino Recanati.

Descendants of the Jews in town settled in Salonica, where Leon Yehuda Recanati, Raphael Recanati and Avraham Rakanti where born. The family also includes Michael Recanati and Leon Recanati.

PeopleEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Diego Calcagni (1711), Memorie istoriche della città di Recanati nella Marca d'Ancona, page 290.
  4. ^ Diego Calcagni (1711), Memorie istoriche della città di Recanati nella Marca d'Ancona, p. 293.
  5. ^ Diego Calcagni (1711), Memorie istoriche della città di Recanati nella Marca d'Ancona, page 294.

External linksEdit