Open main menu

Rajka (German: Ragendorf, Slovak: Rajka, Croatian: Rakindrof [2]) is a village in Győr-Moson-Sopron County, Hungary. The village has a large Slovak minority.

Rajka
Ragendorf
Coat of arms of Rajka Ragendorf
Coat of arms
Rajka Ragendorf is located in Hungary
Rajka Ragendorf
Rajka
Ragendorf
Location of Rajka
Coordinates: 47°59′49″N 17°11′54″E / 47.99689°N 17.19832°E / 47.99689; 17.19832Coordinates: 47°59′49″N 17°11′54″E / 47.99689°N 17.19832°E / 47.99689; 17.19832
Country Hungary
CountyGyőr-Moson-Sopron
Area
 • Total52.63 km2 (20.32 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total2,843[1]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
9224
Area code(s)96
MotorwaysM15
Distance from Budapest181 km (112 mi) Southeast

EtymologyEdit

The name comes from the Slavic personal name Rajko, Rajka (derived from rajь: paradise).[3] 1297 Royka.[3]

GeographyEdit

Rajka is located in the Little Hungarian Plain 17 kilometres (11 mi) north-west of Mosonmagyaróvár, near the point where the borders of Hungary, Austria, and Slovakia join. M15 motorway (E65/E75), Highway 150, and the BudapestHegyeshalom–Rajka railway line all cross the village.[4] The Hungarian-Slovak border crossing between Rajka and Čunovo was lifted on 21 December 2007, when Hungary and Slovakia acceded to the Schengen Area.[5]

HistoryEdit

Rajka was established before the 13th century.[5] According to the Hungarian Royal Treasury (Magyar Királyi Kincstár) it was an ethnic German settlement in Hungary, called Rackendorf in 1495.[6] In the 18th century it was a market town (mezőváros) in Moson County. The Jewish community was forcibly deported in 1944. After the Soviet occupation of Hungary in 1946, 859 German civilians were expelled from Rajka. They were replaced by ethnic Hungarians expelled from Czechoslovakia.[5]

PopulationEdit

Mayor Vince Kiss spoke in 2012 of 1,000 Slovak citizens living in Rajka and making up one-third of the population. Most of these are ethnic Slovaks, but a significant proportion are ethnic Hungarian citizens of Slovakia or conversant with the Hungarian language. These Slovak citizens form a fragmented, dormitory community of people working or studying in Bratislava, the Slovak capital, and commuting there every day.[5]

According to the 2011 census, however, the population of Rajka was 2,758, of whom 1,938 (70.3%) declared themselves Hungarians, 535 (19.4%) Slovaks and 284 (10.3%) Germans by ethnicity.[7]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rajka, KSH
  2. ^ "Folia onomastica croatica 14/2005" (pdf). Živko Mandić: Hrvatska imena naseljenih mjesta u Madžarskoj. Retrieved 2012-07-31.
  3. ^ a b Stanislav, Ján (2004). Slovenský juh v stredoveku II (in Slovak). Slovenské literárne centrum. p. 114. ISBN 80-88878-89-6.
  4. ^ Magyarország autóatlasz, Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2004, ISBN 963-03-7576-1
  5. ^ a b c d Hídfőállás, Magyar Nemzet, 10-03-2012, Tóth Szabolcs Töhötöm, Budapest, pp. 21-26, ISSN 0133-185X
  6. ^ Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD, Budapest University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.; ISBN 963-9545-10-4, CD Atlas
  7. ^ Hungarian census 2011, Győr-Moson-Sopron county (in Hungarian)

External linksEdit