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CTP Iași

  (Redirected from RATP Iași)

The Compania de Transport Public (CTP) Iași (English: Iași Public Transport Company) is the major transit operator responsible for public transportation in Iași, Romania. Until September 2016, CTP was known as the Autonomous Public Transport Operator of Iași (Romanian: Regia Autonomă de Transport Public (RATP) Iași).[3]

Compania de Transport Public (CTP) Iași
Iasi tram green.jpg
GT4 tram on route 6
Overview
OwnerCity of Iași
LocaleIași
Transit typeTram, Bus
Number of lines29[1]
Annual ridership50,358,000 (2014)[2]
Operation
Began operation1 March 1900
Number of vehicles123 trams, 140 buses
Technical
Track gauge1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge

HistoryEdit

Established on 19 March 1898, CTP Iași operates an extensive network using metre gauge trams (electric trams began operating in 1900) and buses. Trolleybuses were used on a number of routes starting in 1985, but all trolleybus routes (within a system length of 31.3 km (19.4 mi), as of 2003) were converted to bus operation by 2006.

The Iași city is partly built on hills, and the tram network reaches, on certain portions, large slopes. The steepest grade on the entire tram system is 8.8 percent,[4] on the line between Târgu Cucu and the intersection with Tudor Vladimirescu Blvd. (Cinci Drumuri-Pădurii) towards the Tatărași neighbourhood, one of the steepest gradients on adhesion railways in Europe.

RoutesEdit

As of 2019, CTP Iași operates 8 regular tram routes on 140 km (87 mi), and 24 regular bus routes on 449 km (279 mi) throughout Iași.[1] In 2014, the CTP carried 50,358,000 passengers, an average of 140,000 passengers per day.[2]

Tram routesEdit

Route Full Length Notes
1 Copou-Piața Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Podu Roș-Baza 3-Tătărași-Tg.Cucu-Piața Unirii-Copou 17.517.5 km (10.9 mi) Operates in loop with route 13
3 Dancu-Tătărași-Tg.Cucu-Piața Unirii-Gara 15.515.5 km (9.6 mi)
6 Dacia-Gara-Piața Unirii-Tg.Cucu 13.013.0 km (8.1 mi)
7 Canta-Gara-Piața Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-Baza 3-Țuțora 20.820.8 km (12.9 mi)
8 Copou-Piața Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-Baza 3 13.913.9 km (8.6 mi)
9 Copou-Piața Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Podu Roș-Tehnopolis 20.220.2 km (12.6 mi)
11 Dacia-Podu de Piatră-Gara Nicolina-Baza 3-Tătărași Nord 21.321.3 km (13.2 mi)
13 Copou-Piața Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Tătărași-Baza 3-Podu Roș-Tg.Cucu-Piața Unirii-Copou 17.517.5 km (10.9 mi) Operates in loop with route 1

Bus routesEdit

Route Full Length Notes
5 Dacia-Podu de Piatră-Podu Roș-Baza 3-Țuțora 19.619.6 km (12.2 mi)
18 Tătărași Sud - Cartier Aviației - Tătărași Sud 3.53.5 km (2.2 mi) Operated with minibuses
19 Canta-Gara-Podu Roș-Frigorifer-CUG I 20.020.0 km (12.4 mi)
20 Tătărași Sud-Tg.Cucu-Piața Independenței-Păcurari-Carrefour Era-Metro 32.032.0 km (19.9 mi)
27 Tătărași Nord-Baza 3-Frigorifer-CUG I-Tehnopolis-Ciurea 25.725.7 km (16.0 mi)
28 Dacia-Piața Alexandru-Podu Roș-Tg.Cucu-Piața Independenței-Triumf 22.722.7 km (14.1 mi)
29 Tomești-Țuțora-Baza 3-Podu Roș 19.619.6 km (12.2 mi)
30 Canta-Gara-Gara Nicolina-Bucium 21.921.9 km (13.6 mi)
30b Carrefour Era-Canta-Gara-Gara Nicolina-Bucium 27.927.9 km (17.3 mi)
36 Dacia-Gara-Piața Unirii-Piața Independenței-Copou-Breazu 22.922.9 km (14.2 mi)
41 Piața Independenței-Tg.Cucu-Podu Roș-Tehnopolis-Ciurea 21.321.3 km (13.2 mi)
42 Copou-Piața Independenței-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-CUG I 22.222.2 km (13.8 mi)
43 Păcurari-Piața Independenței-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-CUG I 23.923.9 km (14.9 mi)
43c Carrefour Era-Păcurari-Piața Independenței-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-CUG I 29.229.2 km (18.1 mi)
44 Dacia-Alexandru cel Bun-Gara Nicolina-Frumoasa-CUG I-Tehnopolis-Ciurea 24.024.0 km (14.9 mi)
46 Păcurari-Piața Independenței-Tg.Cucu-Tudor Vladimirescu-Bucium 25.025.0 km (15.5 mi)
47 Tătărași Sud-T.Vladimirescu-Podu Roș-Gara Nicolina-Alexandru cel Bun-Dacia 21.521.5 km (13.4 mi)
48 Tg.Cucu-Cimitirul Sf. Petru și Pavel-Complex "Roua"-Ciric-Tătărași Sud 8.58.5 km (5.3 mi) Route operates May to October
Operated with minibuses
49 Tg.Cucu-Cimitirul Sf. Petru și Pavel-Complex "Roua" 5.95.9 km (3.7 mi) Operated with minibuses
50 Express Gara-Piața Unirii-Tg.Cucu-Aeroport 15.515.5 km (9.6 mi) Scheduled correlated with
flight arrivals and departures
51 Tudor Vladimirescu-Podu Roș-Gara Socola 11.311.3 km (7.0 mi)
52 Alexandru cel Bun-Păcurari-Copou 13.013.0 km (8.1 mi)

FaresEdit

The CTP fare system accepts tickets, transit passes and card payments (either direct or through a smartphone application). As of September 2019, adult cash fares are RON2.50 (0.53) for 120 minutes inside 1st zone, RON3.50 (€0.74) inside 1st and 2nd zones, or RON2.00 (€0.42) for a single trip inside 1st zone when purchasing in sets of 20 trips each. Adult passes are available for 30-day all routes at RON80,00 (€16.89) inside 1st zone, RON30 (€6.33) inside 2nd zone, or RON110 (€23.22) for both zones. More options are available, including different types of discounts.[5]

Ticket vending machines are also available at some stations. In 2018, the payment options were modernized and paying through an app was made possible - by using a third-party application and scanning QR codes that are available in multiple points in the vehicles and on the side of ticket kiosks in most stations. After a few months, most vehicles have been equipped to also support contactless card payments.

Rolling stockEdit

Historically, tram cars from different companies have been acquired. The current fleet operates with 126 trams.[6]

Current vehiclesEdit

 
ST10 tram in the new green-white-black color scheme
 
A replica of an AEG-type tram from 1900, built in 1998 for the tram system's centennial
Product list and details (date information from CTP Iași)
 Make/Model   Description   Fleet size   Year acquired   Year produced   Notes 
SSB GT4 articulated tram 106 1997-2012 1959-1965 Acquired 109 units from Stuttgarter Straßenbahnen, HAVAG, Stadtwerke Augsburg, Stadtwerke Nordhausen. 75 units modernised in 1988-1998. 2 units retired. 1 unit rebuilt as GT4M. CTP Iași is the largest operator of this model.
GT4M articulated tram 1 1997/2013 1962/2012 SSB GT4 rebuilt by Remar Pașcani.[7][8]
GT8 (Type Mannheim) double-articulated tram 10 2010-2012 1976 Acquired from Stadtwerke Augsburg.
ST10 articulated tram 7 2007-2008 1976 Acquired from HEAG mobilo Darmstadt.
ST11 double-articulated tram 3 2007-2008 1982 Acquired from HEAG mobilo Darmstadt.
Be 8/8 double-articulated tram 14 2008-2010 1973 Acquired from Bernmobil Bern. All units modernised in 1987-1990.
M8C double-articulated tram 7 2017-2018 1989 Acquired from Ruhrbahn GmbH. Modernised in 2011-2014.
M6D articulated tram 8 2018 1984-1992 Acquired from MVG Mülheim. Modernised in 2011-2014.
Bozankaya five articulated sections tram 0 (16 ordered) 2021-2022 (planned) 2020-2022 Low-floor and wheelchair-accessible; ordered in November 2019.[9]

Retired vehiclesEdit

 
A preserved type ITB V58 tram from 1961
 
A type Tatra T4R tram from 1978
 
The only storaged metre-gauge ITB V2A tram in Romania
Former rolling stock (informations from CTP Iași)
 Make/Model   Description   Fleet size   Fleet numbers   Year acquired   Year produced   In service until   Notes 
AEG 2-axle tram 54 1–54 1900-? 1900-? ca. 1976 Original trams built by AEG, later (1929-1938) modernised and rebuilt within own enterprise; 2 trams preserved
ITB V58+V10 2-axle tram+trailer 56+66 50–105/50–115 1959-1969 1958-1969 1992 Romanian built by ITB Bucharest (nowadays, STB); 1 tram preserved
ČKD Tatra T4R 4-axle tram 70 201–270 1978-1981 1978-1981 2009 1 tram preserved
Timiș 2 4-axle tram+trailer 47+47 301–347, 348 ex 301 (same number for both tram and trailer) 1981-1982 1981-1982 2003 Romanian built by Electrometal Timișoara; 1 tram+trailer storaged awaiting for preservation, 4 trams converted into works cars
ex-V58+V10 2-axle tram+trailer 15+15 100–114 (same number for tram and trailer) 1991-1992

(rebuilds)

1958-1969 1998 Rebuilt by R.A.T.C Iași from old V58+V10 trams; none preserved
ITB V2A 6-axle articulated tram 25 350–374 1992-1997 1988-1992 2003 1 prototype (new); 24 trams acquired from Oradea Transport Local and CTP Cluj-Napoca, and modernised by Nicolina Works Iași; 1 tram storaged awaiting for preservation
ČKD Tatra T4D 4-axle tram 27+2(B4D) 201II, 206II, 208II, 212II, 219II, 223II, 230II, 231II, 236II, 237II, 241II, 242II, 244II, 246II, 249II, 251II, 253II, 257II, 260II, 262II, 266II, 267II, 269II, 271–274 / 273–274 1997-2002 1968-1988 2009 Acquired from HAVAG; none preserved
ST7/ST8 6-axle articulated tram 16 101–116 1998 1961-1963 2009 Acquired from HEAG mobilo Darmstadt; 1 tram storaged awaiting for preservation
GT5 5-axle articulated tram 14 354–355, 357–358, 360, 362, 365–367, 369–373 2001 1964-1969 2010 Acquired from Stadtwerke Augsburg; 1 tram storaged awaiting for preservation
Be 4/4 + B4/B tram + wagon 9 2003-2004 1960-1961 2016 Acquired from Bernmobil Bern.

Bus fleetEdit

As of January 2019, CTP Iași operates a fleet of 142 transit buses and 10 minibuses.[6]

Current fleetEdit

 
ISUZU Citiport in Iași
 
MAN NL 313 on route 46
Order year Producer/Model Year produced Engine/Transmission Quantity/(Number Active) Notes
2013 Den Oudsten Alliance City B96 1998-2001 DAF GS200 M Euro II
ZF Ecomat
40
(40 active)
Ex-HTM Personenvervoer.
2016 MAN Lion's City NL 313 2005-2006 MAN Engines D2866 LUH 26 Euro III
ZF Ecomat
10
(10 active)
Ex-Postbus Austria (Vorarlberg), PostBus Switzerland, RLG Lippe, and VKU Unna.
2016 Euro Bus Diamond 2016 Mercedes-Benz OM936 Euro VI
ZF EcoLife
8
(8 active)
2016-2017 Isuzu Citiport 2016-2018 Cummins ISB6.7E6 280B Euro VI
ZF EcoLife
92
(92 active)
4 (local funds) from 2016 and another 88 from EBRD contract (delivered in 2017 and 2018).

MinibusesEdit

Order year Producer/Model Year produced Engine/Transmission Quantity/(Number Active) Notes
2003 Iveco Daily 50C13 2003 Iveco Euro 3
Iveco manual transmission
50
(11 active)

Retired bus fleetEdit

 
Scania bus on route 28
 
MAZ-103 bus on route 41
Make/Model Fleet size Acquired Retired Notes
Chevrolet 5 1929-1935
ZIS-155 1954
T.V. 2 U 1960 (?)
T.V. 20 U 1970 (?)
Karosa ŠM 11
Ikarus IK-4
Ikarus 280
ROMAN 112U
DAC 117 UD
DAC 112 UDM 2006
Saviem SC10U 50 1994-1995 2005 Ex-RATP.
Ikarus 255/260/266
Ikarus 263
Renault R312 30 2007 2013 Ex-RATP.
Mercedes-Benz O405N2 9 2009 2013 Ex-CTSS San Sebastián.
Van Hool A500 32 2009-2010 2017 Ex-STIB.
Renault R312 2 2010 2013 Ex-CTS.
Berkhof Premier Jonckheer SB 250 20 2012 2017 Ex-Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf.
MAZ-103 50 2005 December 2017 Bought as new fleet in 2005-2006. Retired over the years. Last ones in December 2017.
Scania OmniCity CN230UB 16 2017 2018 Leased from a private operator.
Ex-Norgesbuss.

Retired trolleybus fleetEdit

 
A type Rocar 217 E trolleybus from 1994
Make/Model Fleet size Fleet numbers Acquired Retired Notes
Roman 112 E 10 601-610 1985 1987 4 freight units ex-ITB Bucharest
6 passenger units ex-Constanța
DAC 117 E 45 401-445 1985-1988 2006 Articulated trolleybuses, some converted later into shorter, 12m units
DAC/Rocar 217E 14 446-450, 401II-409II 1993 2006 Articulated trolleybuses, some converted later into shorter, 12m units
Rocar 212E/312E 12 501-512 1993-1997 2006
Škoda 14Tr 12 601II-610II, 611-612 2001-2003 2006 Ex-Brno, Plzeň

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "About CTP Iași". sctpiasi.ro.
  2. ^ a b Tot mai puţini ieşeni merg cu RATP-ul (in Romanian)
  3. ^ CTP - the new transport operator in Iași (in Romanian)
  4. ^ "Pantele din Iaşi pun probleme ofertanţilor" (in Romanian). March 5, 2019.
  5. ^ CTP Iași fares
  6. ^ a b The CTP fleet (in Romanian)
  7. ^ GT4 von Remar Pascani modernisiert (in German)
  8. ^ GT4M Picture gallery at railfaneurope.net
  9. ^ Bozankaya wins order for 16 low-floor trams for Iasi

External linksEdit