Quilicura (// KIL-i-KOOR-ə; Spanish pronunciation: [kiliˈkuɾa]) is a commune of Chile located in capital Santiago. Founded in 1901, it was originally a satellite city on what were then the outskirts of the city of Santiago, but as urban sprawl has set in it is now quickly urbanizing from what was recently prime agricultural land. It is the second most recent commune to be absorbed by the constantly growing Santiago, the most recent being Padre Hurtado.
|Coordinates (city): Coordinates:|
|• Alcalde||Juan Carrasco Contreras (Ind.)|
|• Total||57.5 km2 (22.2 sq mi)|
|Sex (2002 census)|
|Website||Municipality of Quilicura|
Quilicura is home to many industries and its residents are mostly middle class families since the recent urbanization. The commune has a very high HDI in comparison to other similar middle to upper middle class communes of the country. There is little green space in comparison to wealthier neighborhoods in the city because Quilicura is still an industrial area.
The origin of the name Quilicura is from the Mapuche language Mapudungun and comes from the words kila meaning three and kura meaning stone. The "Three Stones" are three hills which separate the area and formed the border with Renca.
Quilicura is located in Santiago Province, Santiago Metropolitan Region, at the northwestern edge of Chile's capital Santiago. It borders Renca to the south (naturally separated by Renca Hill), Pudahuel to the west, Huechuraba and Conchalí to the east, and Lampa and Colina to the north.
According to the 2002 census, Quilicura spans an area of 57.5 km2 (22 sq mi) and has 126,518 inhabitants (62,421 men and 64,097 women). Of these, 125,999 (99.6%) lived in urban areas and 519 (0.4%) in rural areas. The population grew by 207.7% (85,397 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses. According to the 2012 census preliminary data Quilicura is now home to 203,946 residents.
In recent years, Quilicura has become the home of a large Haitian community.
Quilicura is located about 12 km from Santiago's international airport and is served by the Américo Vespucio Norte Highway as well as the Pan-American Highway. Transantiago public buses connect Quilicura to the centre of Santiago and run frequently in each direction. The first phase of the Santiago Metro Line 3 connecting the commune with the rest of the network was completed on 22 January 2019, with phase 2 being completed in 2022. Currently, the closest metro station to Quilicura is Vespucio Norte which is the northern terminus of the line 2, it can be reached via the 425 bus from Quilicura.
As a commune, Quilicura is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by a mayor who is directly-elected every four years. The 2012-2016 mayor is Juan Carrasco Contreras (Ind.). The communal council has the following members:
- Mario Alvear Gilberto (RN)
- María Indo Romo (PDC)
- Claudia Donoso Plaza (UDI)
- Jorge Godoy Soto (PRO)
- Víctor Arias González (PC)
- Jaime Aceitón Vásquez (PRO)
- Dino Belmar Dinamarca (PPD)
- Alvaro Guajardo Figueroa (PDC)
Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Quilicura is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Patricio Melero (UDI) and Gabriel Silber (PDC) as part of the 16th electoral district, (together with Colina, Lampa, Tiltil and Pudahuel). The commune is represented in the Senate by Guido Girardi (PPD) and Jovino Novoa (UDI) as part of the 7th senatorial constituency (Santiago-West).
- "Resultados Preliminares Censo de Población y Vivienda 2012" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. 31 August 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2013. Note: Data are preliminary.
- "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- "Municipality of Quilicura" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010.
- "Las Trayectorias del Desarrollo Humano en las Comunas de Chile (1994-2003) Archived July 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." UNDP, Gobierno de Chile, Mideplán
- "Casen Survey 2011". Ministry of Social Development of Chile. 2011.
- "OECD.StatExtracts". OECD. Retrieved 2012-09-10. Note: Data refer to "PPPP41: Purchasing Power Partities for actual individual consumption." Figure used is 425.368652.