1994 Quebec general election
The 1994 Quebec general election was held on September 12, 1994, to elect members of the National Assembly of Quebec, Canada. The Parti Québécois, led by Jacques Parizeau, defeated the incumbent Quebec Liberal Party, led by Premier Daniel Johnson Jr.
125 seats in the 35th National Assembly of Quebec
63 seats were needed for a majority
Popular vote by riding. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote, but instead via results by each riding. Click the map for more details.
Johnson had succeeded Robert Bourassa as Liberal leader and Premier. Both his father, Daniel Sr., and brother, Pierre-Marc, had previously served as premiers of Quebec as leaders of different parties.
This election was very significant for Quebec history, because it set the stage for the 1995 Quebec referendum on independence for Quebec from Canada. In this referendum, the PQ's proposals for sovereignty were very narrowly defeated.
Mario Dumont, a former president of the Liberal party's youth wing, and then leader of the newly formed Action démocratique du Québec, won his own seat, but no other members of his party were elected.
In Saint-Jean there was a tie between incumbent Liberal candidate Michel Charbonneau and PQ candidate Roger Paquin. A new election was held on October 24 and was won by Paquin by a margin of 532 votes.
The overall results were:
|1989||Elected||% Change||#||%||% Change|
|Parti Québécois||Jacques Parizeau||125||29||77||+165.5%||1,751,442||44.75%||+4.59%|
|Liberal||Daniel Johnson Jr.||125||92||47||-48.9%||1,737,698||44.40%||-5.55%|
|Action démocratique||Mario Dumont||80||*||1||*||252,721||6.46%||*|
|New Democratic||Jean-François Sirois||41||-||-||-||33,269||0.85%||-0.37%|
|Natural Law||Allen Faguy||102||*||-||*||33,206||0.85%||*|
|Republic of Canada||18||-||-||-||2,258||0.06%||+0.01%|
* Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.
1 Equality Party results are compared to the combined totals of the Equality Party and the Unity Party in the 1989 election.
- "Quebec votes 2003 - Riding Profiles: Saint-Jean". CBC News.
- "Résultats officiels par parti politique pour l'ensemble des circonscriptions". Directeur général des élections du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-31.