Putumayo Department

Putumayo (Spanish pronunciation: [putuˈmaʝo]) is a department of Southern Colombia. It is in the south-west of the country, bordering Ecuador and Peru. Its capital is Mocoa.

Department of Putumayo
Departamento del Putumayo
Coat of arms of Department of Putumayo
Putumayo shown in red
Putumayo shown in red
Topography of the department
Topography of the department
Coordinates: 1°09′N 76°37′W / 1.150°N 76.617°W / 1.150; -76.617Coordinates: 1°09′N 76°37′W / 1.150°N 76.617°W / 1.150; -76.617
Country Colombia
RegionAmazonía Region
 • GovernorSorrel Parisa Aroca Rodriguez(2016-2019)
 • Total24,885 km2 (9,608 sq mi)
 • Rank16th
 • Total348,182
 • Rank26th
 • Density14/km2 (36/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-05
ISO 3166 codeCO-PUT
HDI (2019)0.717[4]
high · 26th of 33

The word putumayo comes from the Quechua languages. The verb p'utuy means "to spring forth" or "to burst out", and mayu means river. Thus it means "gushing river".


Historical population
1973 67,336—    
1985 174,129+158.6%
1993 264,291+51.8%
2005 310,132+17.3%
2018 348,182+12.3%

Originally, the southwestern area of the department belonged to the Cofán Indians, the northwestern to the Kamentxá Indians, the central and southern areas to tribes that spoke Tukano languages (such as the Siona), and the eastern to tribes that spoke Witoto languages. Part of the Kamentxá territory was conquered by the Inca Huayna Cápac in 1492, who, after crossing the Cofán territory, established a Quechua population on the valley of Sibundoy, known today as Ingas. After the Inca defeat in 1533, the region was invaded by the Spanish in 1542, and from 1547 was administered by Catholic missions.

The current territory of Putumayo was linked to Popayan during the Spanish Colonial Period and in the first Republican decades belonged to the "Azuay Department", which included territories in Ecuador and Perú. Later a long process of territorial redistributions began:


Municipalities Map
  1.   Colón
  2.   Mocoa
  3.   Orito
  4.   Puerto Asís
  5.   Puerto Caicedo
  6.   Puerto Guzmán
  7.   Puerto Leguízamo
  8.   San Francisco
  9. San Miguel
  10.   Santiago
  11.   Sibundoy
  12.   Valle del Guamez
  13.  Villagarzón

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Nuestro departamento: Información general". Gobernación del Putumayo.
  2. ^ Kline, Harvey F. (2012). "Putumayo, Department of". Historical Dictionary of Colombia. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 415. ISBN 978-0-8108-7813-6.
  3. ^ "DANE". Archived from the original on 13 November 2009. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Reloj de Población". DANE. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadísitica. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2017.

External linksEdit