Nariño (Spanish pronunciation: [naˈɾiɲo]) is a department of Colombia named after independence leader Antonio Nariño. Its capital is Pasto. It is in the west of the country, bordering Ecuador and the Pacific Ocean.

Department of Nariño
Departamento de Nariño
Flag of Department of Nariño
Coat of arms of Department of Nariño
Desde el mar hasta el Galeras
(Spanish: From the sea to the Galeras)
Anthem: Himno del Departamento de Nariño
Nariño shown in red
Nariño shown in red
Topography of the department
Topography of the department
Coordinates: 01°10′N 77°16′W / 1.167°N 77.267°W / 1.167; -77.267
Country Colombia
RegionPacific Region/Andes Region
Established6 August 1904
 • GovernorJohn Rojas (2020-2023)
 • Total33,268 km2 (12,845 sq mi)
 • Rank11th
 • Total1,630,592
 • Rank8th
 • Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • TotalCOP 21,775 billion
(US$ 5.1 billion)
Time zoneUTC-05
ISO 3166 codeCO-NAR
HDI (2019)0.724[3]
high · 24th of 33

Nariño has a diverse geography and varied climate according to altitude: hot in the plains of the Pacific and cold in the mountains, where most of the population resides, a situation that is repeated in a north-south direction. Other important cities include Tumaco and Ipiales.

History edit

Historical population
1973 809,178—    
1985 1,085,173+34.1%
1993 1,443,671+33.0%
2005 1,541,956+6.8%
2018 1,630,592+5.7%

The territory was occupied during the Pre-Columbian era by numerous Indian tribes, including Quillacingas, Awá, Pasto, and Tumas. The first European conquistador who entered the territory was Andagoya Pascual in 1522, who traveled from the Colombian Pacific coast and then used information obtained by Francisco Pizarro to organize the expedition that culminated in the conquest of Peru.

Juan de Ampudia and Pedro de Añazco first explored the mountainous part of the department, commissioned by Sebastián de Belalcázar in 1535, who then toured the territory in 1536 and reached Popayán and remained for some time before leaving for Spain.

Municipalities edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "DANE". Archived from the original on 13 November 2009. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Producto Interno Bruto por departamento",
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Reloj de Población". DANE. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadísitica. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2017.

External links edit