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Barbacoas is a town and municipality in Nariño Department, Colombia.[1] The urban centre of Barbacoas is located at an altitude of 36 metres (118 ft) and the municipality borders Magüí Payán in the north, Magüí Payán, Cumbitara, Los Andes, La Llanada, Samaniego and Ricaurte in the east, Ricaurte and Ecuador in the south and Tumaco and Roberto Payán in the west.[2]

Barbacoas
Municipality and town
Flag of Barbacoas
Flag
Official seal of Barbacoas
Seal
Location of Barbacoas in Nariño, Colombia
Location of Barbacoas in Nariño, Colombia
Coordinates: 01°40′18″N 078°08′23″W / 1.67167°N 78.13972°W / 1.67167; -78.13972Coordinates: 01°40′18″N 078°08′23″W / 1.67167°N 78.13972°W / 1.67167; -78.13972
Country  Colombia
Department Nariño Department
Subregion Telembí Subregion
Founded 6 April 1600
Founded by Francisco de Praga y Zuniga
Government
 • Mayor Eder Escobar Angulo
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town 2,324 km2 (897 sq mi)
 • Urban 4 km2 (2 sq mi)
Elevation 36 m (118 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Municipality and town 38,708
 • Density 17/km2 (43/sq mi)
 • Urban 16,588
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Contents

HistoryEdit

In the times before the Spanish conquest, Barbacoas was inhabited by the Barbacoa, Telembí and Iscuande tribes. Already in those ages, the town was an important source of gold for the indigenous people.[2]

Modern Barbacoas was founded on April 6, 1600, by Francisco de Praga y Zuniga.[2]

EconomyEdit

Barbacoas is an important mining town in Nariño, producing gold, silver, platinum and coal.[3][4][5][6] Other economical activity is agriculture, with rice, avocadoes, plantains, sugarcane and fruits as bananas, citrus fruits and chiro. Other fruits cultivated are ciruelo, guayaba, papaya, pineapples, guanábana, borojó, guayabilla, lulo, anón, guaba, maracuyá, guayaba brasilera, zapallo, coconut, cacao and other agricultural products as arracacha, camote, ñame, achiote, chillangua, tomatoes, peppers, palmito, chillarán, and oregano.[2]

StrikeEdit

The town is infamous for its 2011 "crossed legs" strike, where women in the town foreswore sexual activity pending action on the promised paved road to their town.[7][8][9][10]

GalleryEdit

RefencesEdit

  1. ^ Barbacoas (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ a b c d (Spanish) Official website Barbacoas
  3. ^ (Spanish) Producción de oro - UPME
  4. ^ (Spanish) Producción de plata - UPME
  5. ^ (Spanish) Producción de platino - UPME
  6. ^ (Spanish) Producción de carbón - UPME
  7. ^ News Desk (28 June 2011). "Colombia: Women's sex strike gets husbands' support". Global Post. Archived from the original on 2012-09-21. 
  8. ^ Montes, Euclides (1 August 2011). "Colombia's 'crossed legs' protest is redefining women's activism". The Guardian. 
  9. ^ Staff (12 October 2011). "Colombia: Sex Strike Ends In Barbacoas". Huffington Post. 
  10. ^ Staff (17 October 2011). "Colombian women end 'crossed legs' abstinence protest for new road". The Daily Telegraph. 

External linksEdit