Puerto Carreño

Puerto Carreño (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpweɾto kaˈreɲo]) is the departmental capital, and a municipality, of the department of Vichada in the Llanos of Colombia.

Puerto Carreño
City
Flag of Puerto Carreño
Flag
Location of the town and municipality of Puerto Carreño in the Department of Vichada.
Location of the town and municipality of Puerto Carreño in the Department of Vichada.
Coordinates: 6°11′N 67°28′W / 6.183°N 67.467°W / 6.183; -67.467Coordinates: 6°11′N 67°28′W / 6.183°N 67.467°W / 6.183; -67.467
CountryColombia
RegionOrinoquía
DepartmentDepartment of Vichada
Foundation1913
Government
 • MayorLuis Eduardo Medina Amaya
Area
 • City12,409 km2 (4,791 sq mi)
Elevation
51 m (167 ft)
Population
 (2018 Census[1])
 • City20,936
 • Density1.7/km2 (4.4/sq mi)
 • Urban
14,974
Time zoneUTC−5 (COL)
ClimateAm
Websitepuertocarreno-vichada.gov.co

HistoryEdit

In 1913 the Colombian government created the province (comisaria) of Vichada and it was decided that its capital should be at the convergence of the Orinoco and Meta rivers where there was a small village known locally as El Picacho.[2] In 1934 the town was renamed after Pedro Maria Carreño, the Colombian Minister of External Relations from 1912 to 1913.[3] The "municipio" (similar to county in the U.S.) was created in 1974.[2][4] On July 5, 1991, Vichada's status was updated to "departamento" under the Colombian Constitution and Puerto Carreño was ratified as its capital.

The DANE (Colombian government's bureau for statistics) projected Puerto Carreño's municipal population to be around 10,034 for 2005, based on the 1993 Census. There are some Indigenous tribes within Puerto Carreño's administrative zone as well.

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Puerto Carreño is located on the extreme northeastern part of the Department of Vichada bordering to the north and east with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela using the Meta and Orinoco rivers as borders. To the south Puerto Carreño limits with the municipality of Cumaribo and to the west with the municipality of La Primavera.[5]

The area of the municipality is uniformly flat, although there is a very slight rise at the town which gave it its original name. The climate is hot and humid, averaging a temperature of 28 °C or 82.4 °F with a heavy rain season from April through October.[5]

The area of the municipality is within the llanos plains which cover large areas in Colombia and Venezuela. Geologically the municipality of Puerto Carreño lies on the Guiana Shield mostly made up by Cenozoic and Precambric formations, with some low altitude mountains such as the Mounts of Casuarito and the Hormiga and Guaripa mountains.[5]

ClimateEdit

Puerto Carreño has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am) with a hot to sweltering dry season from December to March, and a hot and very humid wet season from April to November.

Climate data for Puerto Carreño
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 34.6
(94.3)
35.8
(96.4)
36.2
(97.2)
34.7
(94.5)
32.6
(90.7)
31.3
(88.3)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
32.1
(89.8)
32.8
(91.0)
33.4
(92.1)
33.7
(92.7)
33.3
(91.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.7
(83.7)
29.5
(85.1)
30.1
(86.2)
29.5
(85.1)
28.1
(82.6)
27.2
(81.0)
26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.7
(81.9)
28.2
(82.8)
28.5
(83.3)
28.3
(82.9)
28.3
(83.0)
Average low °C (°F) 22.8
(73.0)
23.3
(73.9)
24.1
(75.4)
24.3
(75.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.1
(73.6)
22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
23.3
(73.9)
23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.0
(73.4)
23.4
(74.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.1
(0.44)
17.0
(0.67)
45.4
(1.79)
156.1
(6.15)
285.3
(11.23)
466.3
(18.36)
487.9
(19.21)
340.9
(13.42)
208.5
(8.21)
167.5
(6.59)
108.8
(4.28)
33.8
(1.33)
2,328.6
(91.68)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 2 3 5 13 21 25 26 24 19 17 11 5 171
Average relative humidity (%) 62 58 58 67 76 80 80 79 77 75 73 68 71
Mean monthly sunshine hours 260.4 231.5 223.2 171.0 142.6 126.0 139.5 148.8 162.0 195.3 207.0 238.7 2,246
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.4 8.2 7.2 5.7 4.6 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.4 6.3 6.9 7.7 6.2
Source 1: IDEAM[6]
Source 2: Climate-Data.org[7]

EconomyEdit

Economic activity is based on agricultural and ranching activities, fishing, and mining. There is some international trading activity with Venezuelan towns across the border, across the Orinoco River. Main products in the region are rice, yuca and plantain. Artisan fishing is practiced along ranching. There are gold and silver mines, exploited in a rudimentary way. The municipality often trade commercially with neighboring town of Puerto Páez in Venezuela.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.dane.gov.co/files/varios/informacion-capital-DANE-2019.pdf
  2. ^ a b ""Historia" Alcaldia Puerto Carreño". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-04-04.
  3. ^ "Relación cronológica de Ministros de Relaciones Exteriores Colombia" Ministerios de Relaciones Exteriores, Colombia ("Chronological list of the Ministers of External Relations, Colombia" Ministry of External Relations, Colombia)
  4. ^ Decree #1594 of 5 August 1974
  5. ^ a b c (in Spanish) Puerto Carreño: Geography Archived 2004-12-05 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Data". www.ideam.gov.co. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  7. ^ "Climate: Puerto Carreño". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved August 25, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ (in Spanish) Puerto Carreño: Economy Archived 2004-12-05 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit