Psittacinae is a subfamily of Afrotropical or Old World parrots; the eleven species are found in two genera. Among the species is the iconic grey parrot. These parrots are native to sub-Saharan Africa, the island of Madagascar, and the Arabian Peninsula.
|Jardine's parrot, (Poicephalus gulielmi)|
The African parrots, unlike their Neotropical cousins, are polyphyletic: Agapornis of Africa and Madagascar was found to be the sister group to Loriculus of Australasia and Indo-Malayasia and together they clustered with the Australasian Loriinae, Cyclopsittacini and Melopsittacus. Poicephalus and Psittacus from mainland Africa formed the sister group of the Neotropical Arinae and Coracopsis from Madagascar and adjacent islands may be the closest relative of Psittrichas from New Guinea.
|Psittacus Linnaeus, 1758|
|Poicephalus Swainson, 1837||
Traditionally, the genus Coracopsis (vasa parrots) is included in this subfamily, but recent molecular studies show that they are within a different family.
- Boehrer, Bruce (2010). Parrot Culture: Our 2500-Year-Long Fascination with the World's Most Talkative Bird. U. Penn. Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-3793-1.
- Schweizer, M.; et al. (Mar 2010). "The evolutionary diversification of parrots supports a taxon pulse model with multiple trans-oceanic dispersal events and local radiations". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 54 (3): 984–94. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.021. PMID 19699808.