Proposed directly elected mayor for the Dublin metropolitan area
There have been several proposals for a directly elected mayor of the Dublin metropolitan area in Ireland. The area corresponds to the former Dublin County, and comprises four local authority areas, namely the city of Dublin and the counties of South Dublin, Fingal, and Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown. Currently, the elected councillors of each local authority area choose a chairperson or mayor annually from among their number as a ceremonial head with no extra powers. The chairperson of Dublin City Council is the Lord Mayor of Dublin, a ceremonial position separate from the proposed executive mayor. This is similar to the distinction between the ancient office of Lord Mayor of London and the office of Mayor of London established in 2000.
Advocates have claimed that giving a directly elected mayor some of the executive powers currently held by unelected local authority chief executives would improve legitimacy, accountability, and public engagement with local government. Political consultant Derek S. Mooney opposed the plan as not addressing the powerlessness of local government and likely to create a personality clash between the mayor and the Taoiseach of the day. Fingal County Council members have opposed the plan on the basis that its agenda would be swamped by the needs of the core urban centre.
The government programme agreed by the Fianna Fáil–Green coalition formed after the 2007 general election promised to consider directly elected mayors, and a 2008 green paper proposed such a mayor for Dublin at first and other cities later. The minister John Gormley made a commitment to a Dublin mayor on 12 May 2009 and was supported by Fine Gael in a September adjournment debate. In July 2010, Gormley expected the first election to be that October. The Local Government (Mayor and Regional Authority of Dublin) Bill 2010 had reached committee stage when it lapsed on the dissolution of the Dáil before the 2011 general election.
The Local Government Reform Act 2014 passed by the Fine Gael—Labour coalition formed after the 2011 general election made widespread changes to local government, including provision for a "Directly Elected Mayor for Dublin Metropolitan Area". The act specified several stages in the process leading to the creation of the office of Mayor:
- the four local authorities' councils would send delegates to a forum to agree a draft plan for the mayor's functions. This forum in fact met in April 2013, before the bill had been introduced; after public consultations, the resulting report was submitted in late 2013, before the bill became law. The Act retrospectively sanctioned these steps.
- the Minister would approve the draft. This happened in March 2014.
- each council had to vote to put the draft to a plebiscite Fingal County Council voted 16–6 to reject it on 31 March 2014, obviating the need for subsequent steps. The other three councils voted for the plebiscite.
- at the plebiscite, a majority of local election voters across the four authorities' areas would have to approve the proposal
- the government would choose to implement the proposal, and the Oireachtas would enact new legislation to effect this.
- an election would be held, under the terms of the new legislation, for the post of mayor.
Those supporting and opposing the original plan called on the Minister to revise the proposal. On 10 June 2014 he told the Dáil, "The Government remains committed to the notion of a plebiscite for a directly elected mayor for Dublin, and it appears that it is down to me to come up with a fresh initiative in view of the failure of the forum to achieve that consensus."
In 2016, Fianna Fáil and the Green Party both introduced private member's bills proposing directly elected mayors. The Fine Gael-led coalition formed after the 2016 general election is a minority government relying on confidence and supply support from Fianna Fáil, and the parties agreed to postpone the second stage of the Fianna Fáil bill until 30 June 2017. The bill envisaged a plebiscite in 2018 with the mayor elected as part of the 2019 local elections. The mayor would serve a five-year term, with elections at the same time as those for the city and county councils. In September 2017, the government announced its intention to amend the constitution to provide for directly-elected mayors; the necessary referendum was tentatively scheduled for October 2018, alongside a presidential election and two other referendums. This did not happen.
The Local Government Act 2019 provides for plebiscites for directly elected mayors for Cork City Council, Limerick City and County Council and Waterford City and County Council alongside the May 2019 local elections. On 27 September 2018 the government decided not to include Dublin in the plebiscites: "In view of the complexities of local government in County Dublin and the Dublin Metropolitan Area ... it was deemed appropriate ... to allow space for detailed and informed public discourse on the matter", which will to be discussed by a "Dublin Citizens' Assembly" to be set up in 2019.
- "Local Government Reform Act 2014". Irish Statute Book. Attorney General of Ireland. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- Callanan, Mark (Spring–Summer 2008). "A New Emphasis in Local Government Reform?" (PDF). 12 (1 & 2). Institute of Public Administration: 1–9. ISSN 0791-8267.
- Mooney, Derek S. (4 July 2016). "The Dublin Mayor Nightmare". Broadsheet.ie. John Ryan. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Local Government Act, 2001". Irish Statute Book. Part 5, Chapter 3. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- "Local Government (No. 2) Act 2003, Section 7". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- Ó'Riordáin, Seán (October 2010). Assessing the local-centre government policy relationship in Ireland (PDF) (Thesis). Department of Geography, National University of Ireland, Maynooth. Volume I p.205. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
Partially in place–The Local Government Act, 2001 provided for directly elected full term mayors. This was subsequently amended so that Mayors may be appointed on a one year term basis within the elected council. The forthcoming White Paper on Local Government proposes the implementation of a full term directly elected Mayor for the Dublin Region and a subsequent roll out to appropriate City Regions. Legislation enabling the election of a Dublin Region Mayor has been published and is expected to be passed before both Houses in Autumn 2010
- "Written Answers - Local Government Policy". Dáil Éireann Debates. Oireachtas. 14 November 2007. Vol. 641 No. 4 p. 45. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- "Adjournment Debate - Dublin Mayor". Dáil Éireann Debates. Oireachtas. 24 September 2009. Vol. 690 No. 2 p. 22. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- "Election of mayor 'set for October'". Irish Independent. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Local Government (Mayor and Regional Authority of Dublin) Bill 2010". Bills. Oireachtas. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- Local Government Reform Act 2014, Part 11
- Local Government Reform Act 2014 §65
- "Directly Elected Mayor for Dublin". Public consultation on the Directly-Elected Mayor for Dublin. mayor4dublin.ie. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
- "A Directly Elected Mayor for Dublin". Dublin City Council. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
- "Proposed plebiscite for a directly elected mayor for the Dublin metropolitan area" (Press release). Department of the Environment, Community & Local Government. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
- Local Government Reform Act 2014 §71
- Local Government Reform Act 2014 §§65(2),66(1)
- Local Government Reform Act 2014 §66
- "Fingal cllrs vote against public poll for mayor". RTÉ.ie. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
- Cotter, Eimear; Joyce Fegan (31 March 2014). "Fingal Councillors scupper plans for directly-elected Dublin mayor". Irish Independent. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
- Local Government Reform Act 2014 §§67–68
- Local Government Reform Act 2014 §69(a)
- Local Government Reform Act 2014 §§64,65
- "Topical Issue Debate Local Government Reform". Dáil Éireann debates. 10 June 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Bill Number 88 of 2016: Local Government Reform (Amendment) (Directly Elected Mayor of Dublin) Bill 2016 [PMB]". Bills. Oireachtas. Retrieved 23 November 2016.; "Local Government Reform (Amendment) (Directly Elected Mayor of Dublin) Bill 2016". Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- "Bill Number 98 of 2016: Local Government (Mayor and Regional Authority of Dublin) Bill 2016 [PMB]". Bills. Oireachtas. Retrieved 23 November 2016.; "Local Government (Mayor and Regional Authority of Dublin) Bill 2016". Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- O'Halloran, Marie; O'Regan, Michael (23 November 2016). "Bill to introduce directly elected Dublin mayor progresses". The Irish Times. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- "Local Government Reform (Amendment) (Directly Elected Mayor of Dublin) Bill 2016: Second Stage [Private Members]". Dáil Éireann debates. KildareStreet.com. 22 November 2016. pp. 47–58. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- "Referendum on Eighth Amendment expected next summer — Varadkar". RTÉ.ie. 26 September 2017. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- Doran, Anthony (2 April 2019). "Plebiscites for Directly Elected Mayors". Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
- "24 May: What are we voting on?". RTÉ. 27 April 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
- Phelan, John Paul (15 January 2019). "Local Government Reform". Parliamentary Questions (32nd Dáil). Oireachtas. Retrieved 27 April 2019.