Prologis, Inc. is a real estate investment trust headquartered in San Francisco, California that invests in logistics facilities, with a focus on the consumption side of the global supply chain. The company was formed through the merger of AMB Property Corporation and ProLogis in June 2011, which made Prologis the largest industrial real estate company in the world. As of December 31, 2020, the company owned 4,703 buildings comprising 984 million square feet in 19 countries in North America, Latin America, Europe, and Asia. According to The Economist, its business strategy is focused on warehouses that are located close to huge urban areas where land is scarce. It serves over 5,000 tenants. Prologis created a venture capital arm in 2016.
S&P 500 Index component
|Industry||Real estate investment trust|
|Predecessor||AMB Property Corporation|
|Founder||Hamid Moghadam |
T. Robert Burke
(Chairman and CEO)
Gary E. Anderson
(Chief Operating Officer)
Eugene F. Reilly
(Chief Investment Officer)
|Products||Commercial and industrial real estate|
|Revenue||$4.439 billion (2020) |
|$3.1 billion (2020) |
|$1.473 billion (2020) |
|AUM||$148 billion (2020) |
|Total assets||$56.065 billion (2020) |
|Total equity||$36.325 billion (2020) |
Number of employees
|1,945 (2020) |
|Footnotes / references|
In September 2017, in partnership with Oxford Economic Papers, the company determined that $1.3 trillion-worth of goods were transferred through its buildings annually and that the company and its customers had a total annual economic impact of $200 billion. The company began releasing a series of special reports on the industrial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020.
Prologis was formed in 2011 through the merger of AMB and ProLogis, both multinational real estate companies based in the United States.
In 1983, Hamid Moghadam and Doug Abbey used a $50,000 line of credit to found Abbey, Moghadam and Company, an investment manager serving institutions. They were joined by T. Robert Burke in 1984 and established AMB Property Corporation, which invested in office, industrial and community shopping centers on behalf of large institutional investors. During the savings and loan crisis, the company avoided significant financial repercussions by investing in industrial parks and shopping centers, and began to exit the office market in 1987. AMB launched its first private equity fund in 1989, which focused on industrial and retail properties.
In 1999, the company sold its retail business to focus solely on the industrial sector. The company made its first overseas investment in 2002, developing a facility for Procter & Gamble. That year, AMB initiated an international expansion program focused on buying and developing distribution facilities near global trade hubs, particularly in growth markets such as Brazil, Mexico, and China. AMB added an internal development division in 2004. By 2011, AMB was focusing on expanding its operations in China and Brazil.
Security Capital Industrial Trust (SCI), a legacy company to Prologis, was formed in 1991. SCI became a public company via an initial public offering on the New York Stock Exchange in 1994. The company first expanded outside the United States in 1996 with acquisitions in Mexico and in 1997 it acquired properties in both Mexico and Europe. SCI invested in the Netherlands in the summer of 1997 and then expanded into Paris, Stockholm, Brussels, Warsaw, London, Berlin, Milan, and Madrid. SCI purchased 33% of Insight Inc. in October 1997 to help solve supply-chain problems for clients. SCI also expanded into the refrigerated distribution business in 1997, purchasing Christian Salvesen and renaming it as CS Integrated LLC. SCI acquired Texas Cold Storage and Continental Freezer in 1997 and secured the primary contract to distribute food for Kroger Co. in Illinois. For refrigeration abroad, SCI purchased Frigoscandia AB, then Europe's largest distributor of refrigerated goods. SCI later exited the cold-storage business.
Prologis, Inc. was incorporated on November 24, 1997. SCI officially changed its name to ProLogis in July 1998. SCI was active in 84 markets in 12 countries by July 1998, with a market capitalization of nearly $5 billion. In November 1998, Prologis Trust acquired Meridian Industrial Trust for $862.5 million in stock. At the time, Prologis was the "largest owner of industrial and warehouse properties in the United States." ProLogis formed its first property funds in 1999, and entered the Japanese market in 2001. In 2003, ProLogis was added to the S&P 500 Index and entered the Chinese market, and in 2004 the company acquired Keystone Industrial Trust for $1.6 billion. In the same year, ProLogis formed its first joint venture in China with Suzhou Logistics Center Co. Ltd. With headquarters in Aurora, Colorado, at the time, in 2005 ProLogis completed a merger with Catellus Development Corporation, a North American industrial development company, for $4.9 billion. ProLogis ranked first in the 2005 Top 25 Industrial Owners survey. The company acquired Catellus Development in 2005 for $3.6 billion. In 2006, ProLogis became a Fortune 1000 company and the ProLogis European Properties Fund became a public company.
In the midst of problems with debt following aggressive expansion and heavy borrowing, ProLogis' CEO Jeffrey Schwartz was replaced with Walter Rakowich in 2008. Rakowich afterwards implemented a cost-cutting effort involving raising capital and selling assets. In December 2008, ProLogis sold a portfolio of assets to the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation, which subsequently transformed the assets into Global Logistic Properties.
The Blackstone Group bought a portfolio of assets from the company in late 2010 for $1 billion. In January 2011, the company sold a portfolio of Catellus retail and mixed-use assets to affiliates of TPG Capital for $505 million, including rights to the Catellus name.
In January 2011, AMB Property Corporation agreed to buy the larger ProLogis for $8.7 billion, with the new entity named Prologis. The companies announced that the new Prologis would be based in San Francisco, AMB's hometown, but would maintain an office in Denver, Colorado, where ProLogis was based. Completed in June 2011, the merger was one of the biggest real-estate deals since the Great Recession, and it created the largest industrial real estate company in the world. With total market value estimated at $24 billion, the new Prologis had around $46 billion in assets under management and logistics and distribution facilities in North America, Europe, Asia and South America. Clients of the new company included DHL, Kuehne + Nagel, Home Depot Inc., Unilever, and FedEx. AMB CEO Hamid R. Moghadam and ProLogis CEO Walter Rakowich were appointed as the new company's co-chiefs, with Moghadam to become the sole CEO in 2013.
On February 14, 2013, Nippon Prologis REIT, Inc. (NPR), a Japanese real estate investment trust formed by Prologis, successfully completed an IPO on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. In March 2013, Prologis formed the Prologis European Logistics Partners Sarl joint venture with Norges Bank Investment Management for US$3.1 billion.
In November 2013, Prologis announced plans to spend "as much as $600 million a year to develop warehouses in Japan," its biggest market after the United States, where it had customers such as Amazon.com and Nippon Express.
In June 2014, the company completed the corporate spin-off of FIBRA Prologis, the company's Mexican affiliate also known as Prologis Property Mexico SA, raising about 7 billion pesos ($541 million). The company also sold a 59-property portfolio to TPG for $375 million.
At the end of 2014, Prologis owned 2,853 properties, with the bulk in North America and around 600 in Europe and Asia.
Prologis had reduced its number of managed funds from 23 to 11 by the spring of 2015, and was managing "$29 billion in real-estate assets through joint ventures and a series of funds backed by institutional investors." That quarter, the company sold a Silicon Valley industrial park to Facebook, Inc.
In June 2015, Prologis partnered with Norges Bank Investment Management to buy KTR Capital Partners for $5.9 billion, expanding Prologis' real estate portfolio in the United States through the Prologis U.S. Logistics Venture.
In October 2015, Prologis acquired Morris Realty Associates' portfolio of logistics and retail properties in the United States for $820 million. Prologis sold the retail asset portion of this portfolio to an affiliate of The Blackstone Group for $374 million.
Prologis formed its venture capital arm in March 2016 and had made 20 investments by late 2019. By late 2016, Prologis had built large multistory warehouses in Japan, Singapore and China. The company began construction on a three-floor warehouse in Seattle, Washington, in November 2016, which was the first multi-story warehouse in the country. The following month, Prologis also outlined plans to build a three-story warehouse in San Francisco.
In December 2016, Prologis received two 2016 Eurobuild CEE Awards.
In August 2018, the company completed the $8.5 billion acquisition of DCT Industrial Trust.
In February 2020, the company completed the $4 billion acquisition of Industrial Property Trust. The company also acquired a development site in Miami Dade for $9 million. At that point, The Economist noted that Prologis' business strategy was focused on warehouses that are located close to huge urban areas where land is scarce. Prologis began releasing a series of special reports on the industrial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020, noting that an increase an e-commerce would likely result in companies increasing their inventories, in turn increasing the demand for warehousing.
In April 2021, the company acquired the Hilltop Mall in Richmond, California for $117 million. "The purchase of the 78-acre site marks the beginning of Prologis' efforts to pursue a mixed-use development that includes residential and retail as well as the modern logistics facilities that are the company's specialty."
- Executive Leadership, Prologis, 2020, retrieved 14 August 2020
- "Prologis, Inc. 2019 Form 10-K Annual Report". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
- Morris, Keiko (May 30, 2017). "Industrial Park's Owner Bringing in Restaurants, Retail as Amenities for Workers". The Wall Street Journal.
- Whelan, Robbie (April 19, 2016). "Prologis Warehouse Rents Jump as Space Remains Tight". The Wall Street Journal.
- Ryder, Brett (30 May 2020), The e-commerce boom makes warehouses hot property, The Economist, retrieved 14 August 2020
- Alder, Alan (14 November 2019), Tech focus keeps Prologis Ventures atop logistics real estate trends (with video), Freight Waves, retrieved 14 August 2020
- "A Clear Perspective on Logistics Real Estate". Prologis.
- E. Phillips, Erica (March 30, 2016). "Warehouse Rental Rates Jump as Industrial Capacity is Squeezed". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Economic Impact of Our Logistics Real Estate". Prologis. September 2017.
- COVID-19 Special Report #5: Supply Chain Shifts Poised to Generate Substantial New Demand, Prologis, May 2020, retrieved 14 August 2020
- Troianovski, Anton (January 31, 2011). "Warehouse Giants AMB Property, ProLogis to Merge". The Wall Street Journal.
- "History". Prologis.
- Robaton, Anna (May 2012). "Prologis Together". National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts.
- Moore, Paula (June 22, 1998). "Security Capital tries for name recognition". American City Business Journals.
- Grant, Peter (January 3, 2017). "Cold Snap: Developers Pour Money Into Cold Storage in China". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Prologis To Acquire Meridian, A Rival Landlord". The New York Times. November 18, 1998.
- Chapman, Parke (May 4, 2004). "ProLogis to Buy Keystone for $1.6B". National Real Estate Investor.
- Mattson-Teig, Beth (July 1, 2005). "ProLogis Gobbles Up More Market Share". National Real Estate Investor.
- Slatin, Peter (June 20, 2011). "Prologis Becomes World's Biggest Industrial Property Company--Now What?". Forbes.
- "AMB-Prologis Merger Complete - Firm to Expand in China". Mingtiandi. 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2020-12-20.
- "ProLogis, a Warehouse Firm, Raises 280 Million Euros". The New York Times. August 11, 2009.
- Finkelstein, Alex (January 5, 2011). "ProLogis--TPG $505 Million Deal Closing in First Quarter". World Property Channel.
- Foster, Karen (March 3, 2011). "Allianz, AMB form European logistics joint venture". Reuters.
- "ProLogis and AMB Property to Merge". The New York Times. January 31, 2011.
- Chu, Kathleen; Kuwako, Katsuyo (November 26, 2013). "Prologis to Boost Japan Rents, Buy Warehouses on Abenomics Bonus". Bloomberg News.
- Ball, Brian R. (October 6, 2015). "Chicago real estate investor enters market with purchase in Grove City". American City Business Journals.
- Buchholz, Jan (August 30, 2011). "Prologis buys Tolleson warehouse for $10 million". American City Business Journals.
- Torres, Blanca (February 8, 2012). "Prologis sells 3.5-million-square-foot portfolio in the U.K. to Blackstone". American City Business Journals.
- Ashby, Andy (June 14, 2012). "Prologis sells Memphis properties in portfolio sale". American City Business Journals.
- Black, Sam (November 5, 2012). "Artis REIT scoops up 11-building Prologis package". American City Business Journals.
- Chu, Kathleen; Kuwako, Katsuyo (February 14, 2013). "Nippon Prologis Jumps in Debut After $1 Billion IPO: Tokyo Mover". Bloomberg News.
- "Prologis and Norges Bank Investment Management close EUR2.4bn JV in Europe". Property Funds World. March 20, 2013.
- Brandt, Nadja; Yu, Hui-yong (May 23, 2013). "Blackstone, Prologis Said to Buy Portfolio of Warehouses". Bloomberg News.
- "Lehman sells industrial properties to Blackstone, Prologis". American City Business Journals. August 7, 2013.
- Hansen, Kristena (September 6, 2013). "Tempe warehouses swap hands in $22 million deal". American City Business Journals.
- Snyder, Eric (January 8, 2014). "Prologis announces purchase of Nashville portfolio". American City Business Journals.
- Litten, Kevin (April 29, 2014). "Prologis pays $8.6 million for Hanover warehouse". American City Business Journals.
- Boye, Will (May 27, 2014). "Prologis buys two industrial buildings for $17.5 million". American City Business Journals.
- Levin, Jonathan (June 4, 2014). "Prologis Property REIT Unchanged in First Mexico IPO of 2014". Bloomberg News.
- Carlisle, Candace (June 18, 2014). "Prologis sells 59 properties throughout U.S. to TPG". American City Business Journals.
- Ball, Brian R. (September 4, 2014). "Former Big Lots warehouse sells to Chicago investors". American City Business Journals.
- Raice, Shayndi; Whelan, Robbie (April 19, 2015). "Prologis to Buy KTR Capital for $5.9 Billion". The Wall Street Journal.
- Sichko, Adam (March 17, 2015). "Prologis snaps up development site in La Vergne". American City Business Journals.
- Raabe, Steve (April 14, 2015). "Prologis to move Denver ops HQ to Z Block project in lower downtown". The Denver Post.
- Rolett, Burl (May 6, 2016). "Prologis sells building near current HQ". Business Den.
- Bhaktavatsalam, Vidya (April 19, 2015). "Prologis, Norway Buy KTR Real Estate for $5.9 Billion". Bloomberg News.
- "Prologis Completes $5.9 Billion KTR Acquisition" (Press release). PR Newswire. June 1, 2015.
- "Prologis Completes Acquisition of Industrial Portfolio in Northern New Jersey" (Press release). PR Newswire. October 13, 2015.
- Dineen, J.K. (December 20, 2016). "Prologis plan for Bayview offers blue-collar salvation". San Francisco Chronicle.
- E. Phillips, Erica (November 1, 2016). "Prologis to Build First Multistory Warehouse in the U.S.". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Prologis receives two 2016 Eurobuild CEE Awards". Budapest Business Journal. December 12, 2016.
- Armbrister, Molly (November 11, 2016). "Real estate developer buys 40 acres in central Denver for industrial space". American City Business Journals.
- Weese, Evan (December 22, 2016). "Amazon distribution center sold in one of Central Ohio's largest deals". American City Business Journals.
- Bitters, Janice (November 27, 2017). "Investors buy Fremont business park for $72M". American City Business Journals.
- "Prologis Completes $8.5 Billion Acquisition of DCT Industrial Trust" (Press release). PR Newswire. August 22, 2018.
- Steimer, Jacob (September 5, 2018). "With recent sale of 90 acres, public real estate firm exits Memphis market". American City Business Journals.
- Lamm, Greg (September 10, 2018). "Prologis buys 10-acre Pepsi plant near Mount Baker light rail station". American City Business Journals.
- Kritzer, Ashley Gurbal (November 14, 2019). "Industrial developer closes $10M land deal in Polk County". American City Business Journals.
- "Prologis Completes $13 Billion Acquisition of Liberty Property Trust" (Press release). PR Newswire. February 4, 2020.
- "Prologis Completes $4 Billion Acquisition of Industrial Property Trust" (Press release). PR Newswire. January 8, 2020.
- Bandell, Brian (February 17, 2020). "Prologis buys Miami-Dade development site". American City Business Journals.
- Andersen, Ted (April 22, 2021). "Why a S.F. developer just bought Richmond's former Hilltop Mall". American City Business Journals.
- Official website
- Business data for Prologis, Inc.: