Princess Yolanda of Savoy

Princess Yolanda of Savoy (1 June 1901 – 16 October 1986) was the eldest daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy.

Princess Iolanda
Countess of Bergolo
Princess Iolanda in 1936
Born(1901-06-01)1 June 1901
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Died16 October 1986(1986-10-16) (aged 85)
Rome, Italy
Monumental Cemetery, Turin
SpouseGiorgio Carlo Calvi, Count of Bergolo
IssueMaria Ludovica Calvi di Bergolo
Giorgio Calvi di Bergolo
Vittoria Calvi di Bergolo
Guia-Anna Calvi di Bergolo
Pier Francesco Calvi, Count of Bergolo
Iolanda Margherita Milena Elisabetta Romana Maria di Savoia
FatherVictor Emmanuel III of Italy
MotherElena of Montenegro



She was born Principessa Iolanda Margherita Milena Elisabetta Romana Maria di Savoia (English: Princess Yolanda Margaret Milena Elizabeth Romaine Mary of Savoy) in Rome, Italy, as the eldest child and daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and Elena of Montenegro. As a young woman she was a great sportswoman, particularly interested in swimming and riding.

During the Great War, newspapers published reports of her engagement to the Prince of Wales, the future Edward VIII, who was serving in Italy in 1918. There was no basis for these rumors, but they were resurrected in 1919 when Yolanda joined her mother Elena of Montenegro, her sister Princess Mafalda of Savoy, and the Duchess of Aosta (Princess Hélène of Orléans) on a visit to Paris, where the prince happened to be at the same time.[1]

On 9 April 1923 she married Giorgio Carlo Calvi, Count of Bergolo.[2]

After her marriage Yolanda lived in the town of Pinerolo, southwest of Turin.

In 1946, Yolanda and her family went into voluntary exile with her father in Alexandria, Egypt. After King Victor Emmanuel's death, Yolanda and her family returned to Italy, where they lived at Castelporziano.

Yolanda died in a hospital in Rome and is buried in Turin. The Giardini Principessa Iolanda in Naples are named after her.

Marriage and children


On 9 April 1923 at the Quirinal Palace in Rome, she married Giorgio Carlo Calvi, Conte di Bergolo (15 March 1887, Athens – 25 February 1977, Rome). They had five children:.[3]

  • Maria Ludovica Calvi di Bergolo (24 January 1924, Turin – 19 July 2017, Rome) married Robert Gasche (1918-2011) in 1948 (div. 1975) and had issue:
    • Huberto-Omar (b. 1954)
    • Elena-Maria (Yela) (b. 1955)
  • Giorgio (1 May 1925 – 7 May 1925)
  • Vittoria (27 June 1927, Turin – March 1986, Garda), married in 1947 Guglielmo, Conte Guarienti di Brenzone
    • Emanuela (b. 1948)
    • Agostino (b. 1951)
    • Guariente (b. 1954)
  • Guja-Anna (b. 8 March 1930, Turin), married 1951 Carlo nob. dei conti Guarienti
    • Maria-Fardivia (1952 – 1971)
    • Delfinella (b. 1954)
  • Pier Francesco, Conte di Bergolo (22 December 1933, Turin – 18 June 2012, Rome), married in 1960 to Marisa Allasio (born 1936). Had issue:
    • Carlo-Giorgio (b. 1959)
    • Anda (b. 1962)

Title, styles and honours



  • 1 June 1901 – 9 April 1923: Her Royal Highness Princess Yolanda of Savoy, Princess of Italy
  • 9 April 1923 - 25 February 1977: Her Royal Highness Princess Yolanda of Savoy, Princess of Italy, Countess of Bergolo
  • 25 February 1977 - 16 October 1986: Her Royal Highness Princess Yolanda of Savoy, Princess of Italy, Dowager Countess of Bergolo



National honours





  • "Iolanda's Wedding Festivities Start", New York Times, April 8, 1923, p. 3.
  • "Iolanda and Calvi Meet Italian Court", New York Times, April 9, 1923, p. 19.
  • "Iolanda Wedded to Her War Hero While Crowd Cheers", New York Times, April 10, 1923, p. 1 and 3.
  • "Royal Wedding in Rome", The Times, April 10, 1923, p. 12.
  • "Princess Yolanda's Wedding", The Times, April 12, 1923, p. 16.
  • "Princes Jolanda" [obituary], New York Times, October 18, 1986, p. 9.


  1. ^ Edward Hanson, The Wandering Princess [Fonthill Media, 2017], pp. 221, 227
  2. ^ "TimesMachine: Tuesday April 10, 1923 -". The New York Times. Retrieved 2023-04-10.
  3. ^ Nicolas Enache, La Descendance de Marie-Therese de Habsburg, Reine de Hongrie et de Boheme [Paris, 1996], pp. 201-202; Burke's Royal Families of the World [London, 1977], p. 367
  4. ^ a b, page with the Italian Royal family members' honours
  5. ^ "King Victor Emmanuel III of Savoy and his wife Elena of Montenegro on".