Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Princess Charlotte Luise Friederike Amalie Alexandrine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, full German name: Charlotte Luise Friederike Amalie Alexandrine, Prinzessin von Sachsen-Hildburghausen (28 January 1794, Hildburghausen, Saxe-Hildburghausen – 6 April 1825, Biebrich, Duchy of Nassau) was a member of the House of Saxe-Hildburghausen and a Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen (and later of Saxe-Altenburg) by birth. Through her marriage to William, Duke of Nassau, Louise was also a member of the House of Nassau-Weilburg and Duchess consort of Nassau. Louise was briefly Princess consort of Nassau-Weilburg in 1816.
|Princess consort of Nassau-Weilburg|
|Predecessor||Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg|
|Successor||None. Incorporated into the Duchy of Nassau|
|Duchess consort of Nassau|
|Predecessor||None. New Title|
|Successor||Pauline of Württemberg|
|Born||28 January 1794|
|Died||6 April 1825 (aged 31)|
Biebrich, Duchy of Nassau
|Issue||Therese, Duchess of Oldenburg|
Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Marie, Princess of Wied
|Father||Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg|
|Mother||Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
Louise was the seventh child of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen and his wife Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. One of her godparents were her aunt, Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen consort of Kingdom of Prussia. Louise and her sister Therese were considered very beautiful, and were the subject of the Friedrich Rückert poem “Mit drei Moosrosen."
Marriage and issueEdit
In 1809, Ludwig, Crown Prince of Bavaria visited Schloss Hildburghausen to choose his bride. Ludwig chose between Louise and Therese and finally selected Therese. Louise married William, Duke of Nassau, eldest son of Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg and his wife Burgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg, on 24 June 1813 in Weilburg. To honor the occasion of their marriage, the Civil Guard of Weilberg and Samuel Luja (1735–1818) composed the "Cantate am Feste der Heimführung des Erbprinzen Wilhelm von Nassau mit der Prinzessin Louise von Sachsen-Hildburghausen."
Louise and William had eight children:
- Auguste Luise Friederike Maximiliane Wilhelmine of Nassau (Weilburg, 12 April 1814 - Weilburg, 3 October 1814).
- Therese Wilhelmine Friederike Isabelle Charlotte of Nassau (Weilburg, 17 April 1815 - Prague, 8 December 1871). Married in Biebrich on 23 April 1837 Duke Peter of Oldenburg. Their grandson was the Tsarist General Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia the Younger.
- Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (24 July 1817 – 17 November 1905). The Present Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg, which became extinct in the male line in 1912, descends from him.
- Wilhelm Karl Heinrich Friedrich of Nassau (Biebrich, 8 September 1819 - Biebrich, 22 April 1823).
- Moritz Wilhelm August Karl Heinrich of Nassau (Biebrich, 21 November 1820 - Vienna, 23 March 1850), unmarried and without issue.
- Marie Wilhelmine Luise Friederike Henriette of Nassau (Biebrich, 5 April 1822 - Biebrich, 3 April 1824).
- Wilhelm Karl August Friedrich of Nassau (Biebrich, 12 August 1823 - Biebrich, 28 December 1828).
- Marie Wilhelmine Friederike Elisabeth of Nassau (Biebrich, 29 January 1825 - Neuwied, 24 March 1902), married in Biebrich on 20 June 1842 Hermann, Prince of Wied (Neuwied, 22 May 1814 - Neuwied, 5 March 1864). Their daughter Elisabeth married King Carol I of Romania.
The marriage was an unhappy one. Louise's husband was not only autocratic in politics, but also with regard to his family circle and bullied his wife and children.
Louise died in 1825 shortly after the birth of her youngest daughter, Marie. Following her death, Louise's husband married her sister Charlotte's daughter Princess Pauline of Württemberg (1810–1856). The Luisenplatz and Luisenstraße in Wiesbaden are named for Louise.
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|Ancestors of Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen|
- Heinrich Ferdinand Schoeppl: Die Herzoge von Sachsen-Altenburg. Bozen 1917, Neudruck Altenburg 1992
- Dr. Rudolf Armin Human: Chronik der Stadt Hildburghausen, Hildburghausen 1886
Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Cadet branch of the House of WettinBorn: 28 January 1794 Died: 6 April 1825
Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg
| Princess consort of Nassau-Weilburg
(Principality incorporated into the Duchy of Nassau)
(Newly created state)
| Duchess consort of Nassau
9 January 1816–6 April 1825
Pauline of Württemberg