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The House of Nassau-Weilburg, a branch of the House of Nassau, ruled a division of the County of Nassau, which was a state in what is now Germany, then part of the Holy Roman Empire, from 1344 to 1806.
|House of Nassau-Weilburg|
|Parent house||House of Nassau|
|Founder||John I of Nassau-Weilburg|
|Current head||Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (in cognatic line)|
|Style(s)||His/Her Royal Highness|
|Dissolution||1985 (in agnatic line)|
On 17 July 1806, upon the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, the principalities of Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Weilburg both joined the Confederation of the Rhine. Under pressure from Napoleon, both principalities merged to become the Duchy of Nassau on 30 August 1806, under the joint rule of Prince Frederick August of Nassau-Usingen and his younger cousin, Prince Frederick William of Nassau-Weilburg. As Frederick August had no heirs, he agreed that Frederick William should become the sole ruler after his death. However, Frederick William died from a fall on the stairs at Schloss Weilburg on 9 January 1816 and it was his son William who later became duke of a unified Nassau.
The sovereigns of this house afterwards governed the Duchy of Nassau until 1866. Since 1890, they have reigned over the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
The first two Grand Dukes of Luxembourg, Adolphe and Guillaume IV, were Protestants, however, the Christian denomination of the house changed after Grand Duke Guillaume IV's marriage to Marie Anne de Braganza, who was Roman Catholic.
Berg Castle, Luxembourg
Sovereigns from the House of Nassau-WeilburgEdit
(Princely) County of Nassau-Weilburg
(Gefürstete) Grafschaft Nassau-Weilburg
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
• Raised to princely county
• Seized Electoral Trier
(east of Rhine)
• Merged w. N.-Usingen
|30 August 1806|
Counts of Nassau-WeilburgEdit
- 1344–71: John I
- 1371–1429: Philip I
- 1429–42: Philip II and John II
- 1442–92: Philip II
- 1492–1523: Louis I
- 1523–59: Philip III
- 1559–93: Albrecht
- 1559–1602: Philip IV
- 1593–1625: Louis II
- 1625–29: William Louis, John IV and Ernst Casimir
- 1629–55: Ernst Casimir
- 1655–75: Frederick
- 1675–88: John Ernst
Princely counts of Nassau-WeilburgEdit
- 1688–1719: John Ernst
- 1719–53: Charles August
- 1753–88: Charles Christian
- 1788–1816: Frederick William
- 1816: William
Dukes of NassauEdit
Grand Dukes of LuxembourgEdit
- 1890–1905: Adolphe
- 1905–12: William IV
- 1912–19: Marie-Adélaïde
- 1919–64: Charlotte
- 1964–2000: Jean
- 2000–present: Henri
|Family tree of the House of Nassau-Weilburg|
Compiled from Wikipedia and these references.
For ancestors of the House of Nassau-Weilburg, see House of Nassau#Family Tree
- ^ "Inoformation of the reigning House of Nassau-Weilburg". luxembourg.public.lu/en/index.html.
- ^ a b "Inoformation of the reigning House of Nassau-Weilburg which explicitly states the House of Nassau as its parent house" (PDF). sip.gouvernement.lu/en.html.
- ^ Louda, Jiri; Maclagan, Michael (December 12, 1988), "Netherlands and Luxembourg, Table 33", Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (1st (U.S.) ed.), Clarkson N. Potter, Inc.
- ^ Hay, Mark Edward (1 June 2016). "The House of Nassau between France and Independence, 1795–1814: Lesser Powers, Strategies of Conflict Resolution, Dynastic Networks". The International History Review. 38 (3): 482–504. doi:10.1080/07075332.2015.1046387. S2CID 155502574.