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House of Nassau-Weilburg

The House of Nassau-Weilburg, a branch of the House of Nassau, ruled a division of the County of Nassau, which was a state in what is now Germany, then part of the Holy Roman Empire, from 1344 to 1806.

House of Nassau-Weilburg
Blason Nassau-Weilbourg.svg
Parent houseNassau (until 1985)
Bourbon-Parma (since 1985)
Founded1344; 675 years ago (1344)
FounderJohn I of Nassau-Weilburg
Current headHenri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (in cognatic line)
Titles
Style(s)His/Her Royal Highness
Estate(s)of Nassau and Luxembourg
Dissolution1985 (in agnatic line)

On July 17, 1806, on the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, the counties of Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Weilburg both joined the Confederation of the Rhine. Under pressure from Napoleon, both counties merged to become the Duchy of Nassau on August 30, 1806, under the joint rule of Prince Frederick August of Nassau-Usingen and his younger cousin, Prince Frederick William of Nassau-Weilburg. As Frederick August had no heirs, he agreed that Frederick William should become the sole ruler after his death. However, Frederick William died from a fall on the stairs at Schloss Weilburg on January 9, 1816, and it was his son William who later became duke of a unified Nassau.

The sovereigns of this house afterwards governed the Duchy of Nassau until 1866. Since 1890, they have governed the nation of Luxembourg. The House of Nassau-Weilburg became extinct in the male line with the death of Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg in 1985.

The reigning house of Luxembourg retained the name of "Nassau-Weilburg" as its official name. Since the death of Grand Duchess Charlotte, the House of Nassau-Weilburg is a cadet branch (male-line descendants) of the House of Bourbon-Parma.[1]

ReligionEdit

The first two Grand Dukes of Luxembourg, Adolphe and Guillaume IV, were Protestants. However, the religion of the house changed after Guillaume's marriage to Marie Anne of Portugal, who was Roman Catholic.

GalleryEdit

Sovereigns from the House of Nassau-WeilburgEdit

(Princely) County of Nassau-Weilburg

(Gefürstete) Grafschaft Nassau-Weilburg
1344–1806
Flag
Coat of arms
 
Nassau-Weilburg as in 1789
StatusCounty
GovernmentCounty
Historical eraMiddle Ages
Early modern
• Established
1344
• Raised to princely county
1366
• Seized Electoral Trier
    (east of Rhine)
1803
• Merged w. N.-Usingen
    into Nassau
30 August 1806
Preceded by
Succeeded by
  County of Nassau
  Electorate of Trier
Duchy of Nassau  

NassauEdit

Counts of Nassau-WeilburgEdit

Princely counts of Nassau-WeilburgEdit

Dukes of NassauEdit

Grand Dukes of LuxembourgEdit

Henri, Grand Duke of LuxembourgJean, Grand Duke of LuxembourgCharlotte, Grand Duchess of LuxembourgMarie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of LuxembourgWilliam IV, Grand Duke of LuxembourgAdolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg 

Family TreeEdit

Compiled from Wikipedia and:[2][1]

 
 
For ancestors of the
House of Nassau-Weilburg
(House of Nassau family tree)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John III
(1441 +1480)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Louis I
(1473 +1523)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Philip III
(1504 +1559)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Albert
(1537 +1593)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
Philip IV
(1542 +1602)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Saarbrucken
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Louis II
(1565 +1627)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Ottweiler
 
 
 
William
(1570–1597)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Weilburg
 
 
 
John Casimir
(1577 +1602)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Gleiberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William Louis
(1590 +1640)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
 
 
 
 
 
John
(1603 +1677)
Count of Nassau-Idstein
 
Counts of Nassau-Idstein
ext.1721
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ernest Casimir
(1607 +1655)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Louis
(1625 +1690)
Count of Nassau-Ottweiler
 
ext. 1728
 
 
Gustav Adolph
(1632 +1677)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
 
ext. 1723
 
 
Walrad
(1635 +1702)
Count & Prince of Nassau-Usingen
 
ext. 1816
 
 
 
 
Frederick
(1640 +1675)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Ernst
(1664 +1719)
Count & Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles August
(1685 +1753)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
Charles Ernst
(1689–1709)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles Christian
(1735 +1788)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
(1743 +1787)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frederick William
(1768 +1816)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William
(1792 +1839)
Duke of Nassau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adolphe
(1817 +1905)
Duke of Nassau 1839-1866
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1890-1905
  
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hay, Mark Edward (1 June 2016). "The House of Nassau between France and Independence, 1795–1814: Lesser Powers, Strategies of Conflict Resolution, Dynastic Networks". The International History Review. 38 (3): 482–504. doi:10.1080/07075332.2015.1046387.
  2. ^ Louda, Jiri; Maclagan, Michael (December 12, 1988), "Netherlands and Luxembourg, Table 33", Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (1st (U.S.) ed.), Clarkson N. Potter, Inc.;CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
Royal house
House of Nassau-Weilburg
New dynasty
partitioned from Cty. of Nassau
Ruling house of Nassau-Weilburg
1344–1806
Nassau-Weilburg merged in
Ducal Nassau ruled by the
House of Nassau-Usingen
Preceded by
House of Nassau-Usingen
Ruling house of the Duchy of Nassau
1816–1866
Nassau annexed by Prussia
Preceded by
House of Orange-Nassau
Ruling house of Luxembourg
1890–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

Cadet branch of
House of Bourbon-Parma
1964–present (last male dynast died in 1912)