Port Hope, Ontario

Port Hope is a municipality in Southern Ontario, Canada, approximately 109 km (68 mi) east of Toronto and about 159 km (99 mi) west of Kingston. It is located at the mouth of the Ganaraska River on the north shore of Lake Ontario, in the west end of Northumberland County. The private Trinity College School opened here in 1868.

Port Hope
Municipality of Port Hope
Town hall
Town hall
Port Hope is located in Northumberland County
Port Hope
Port Hope
Port Hope is located in Southern Ontario
Port Hope
Port Hope
Coordinates: 43°57′N 78°18′W / 43.950°N 78.300°W / 43.950; -78.300Coordinates: 43°57′N 78°18′W / 43.950°N 78.300°W / 43.950; -78.300
CountryCanada
ProvinceOntario
CountyNorthumberland
Formed1789
Named forHenry Hope
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • MayorOlena Hankivsky
 • Federal ridingNorthumberland—Peterborough South
 • Prov. ridingNorthumberland—Peterborough South
Area
 • Land278.87 km2 (107.67 sq mi)
 • Urban
12.67 km2 (4.89 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Municipality (lower-tier)17,773
 • Density62.0/km2 (161/sq mi)
 • Urban
12,587
 • Urban density993.6/km2 (2,573/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Forward Sortation Area
Area codes905, 289 and 365
Websitewww.porthope.ca

HistoryEdit

Cayuga people, one of the Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, migrated to the Port Hope area from New York state in 1779. They had been forced from their homeland south of the Great Lakes after having been allies of the British during the American Revolution. Great Britain had ceded these lands, along with territory it occupied in the Thirteen Colonies east of the Mississippi River, after the United States won independence.[citation needed]

In 1793, United Empire Loyalists from the northern colonies became the first permanent settlers of European heritage in Port Hope, as the Crown granted them land as compensation for being forced to leave the colonies (much of their property was confiscated by rebel governments) and as payment for military service. The new colonists called the settlement Smith's Creek after a former fur trader. They developed mills and a town plot by the turn of the century.

After the War of 1812, the Crown tried to recruit more British settlers, and townspeople wanted a new name. After a brief fling with the name Toronto, the village was renamed in 1817 as Port Hope, after the Township of Hope of which it was a part. That was the namesake of Colonel Henry Hope, lieutenant governor of the Province of Quebec.[2] The post office dates from 1820.[3] In 1834 Port Hope was incorporated as a town.

Relatively slow growth from 1881 to 1951 resulted in much of the town's 19th century architecture surviving. In the early 21st century, Port Hope's downtown is celebrated as the best-preserved 19th-century streetscape in the province of Ontario. The town's local chapter of the Architectural Conservancy of Ontario and the Heritage Port Hope Advisory Committee are very active and advise on the restoration and preservation of architecturally or historically significant buildings.

With over 270 heritage-designated buildings throughout the municipality, Port Hope has a higher per capita rate of preservation than any other town or city in Canada. Downtown businesses are regulated by the municipality to maintain the town's unique character. This special character makes Port Hope a destination for heritage tourism and people interested in architecture.

On January 1, 2001, the original town amalgamated with Hope Township to form the Municipality of Port Hope and Hope, which was renamed to its current name in November of that same year. Prior to amalgamation, the town's census population was listed as 11,718 while the township's was 3,877.

The 2017 horror movie It and its 2019 sequel It Chapter Two[4] were both filmed in Port Hope, which portrayed the fictional town of Derry, Maine.

Radiation and cleanupEdit

Port Hope is known for having the largest volume of historic low-level radioactive wastes in Canada.[5] These wastes were initially created by Eldorado Mining and Refining Limited and its private sector predecessors, resulting from the refining of radium from pitchblende. Radium was used in radioluminescent paint (such as aircraft dials), and in early treatments for cancer.[6]

During World War II, the Eldorado plant produced exponentially more uranium oxides, which the United States used in the Manhattan Project that created the first nuclear weapons.[7] This plant, now under the ownership of Cameco, continues to produce uranium fuel for nuclear power plants.

In 2002, a large amount of contaminated soil was removed from beachfront areas.[8] More recently, a testing program began of over 5,000 properties, with a plan to remove and store contaminated soil that had been used as landfill. Over a billion dollars is expected to be spent on the soil remediation project, the largest such cleanup in Canadian history.[5] The effort is projected to be complete in 2022.[9]

GeographyEdit

CommunitiesEdit

Besides the town proper of Port Hope, the municipality of Port Hope comprises a number of villages and hamlets, including Campbellcroft, Canton, Dale, Davidson's Corners (partially), Decker Hollow (ghost town), Elizabethville, Garden Hill, Knoxville, Morrish, Osaca, Perrytown, Port Britain, Rossmount (partially), Tinkerville, Thomstown, Welcome, Wesleyville, and Zion.

ClimateEdit

Port Hope has a humid continental climate (Dfb) with warm summers and cold winters.

Climate data for Port Hope, Ontario (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.2
(63.0)
11.7
(53.1)
19.0
(66.2)
25.6
(78.1)
30.5
(86.9)
34.4
(93.9)
37.2
(99.0)
37.8
(100.0)
37.8
(100.0)
26.7
(80.1)
20.6
(69.1)
18.3
(64.9)
37.8
(100.0)
Average high °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.4
(38.1)
9.8
(49.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.9
(69.6)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
19.7
(67.5)
12.9
(55.2)
6.7
(44.1)
1.1
(34.0)
11.4
(52.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.8
(21.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.9
(42.6)
11.7
(53.1)
16.3
(61.3)
20.0
(68.0)
19.9
(67.8)
15.5
(59.9)
9.2
(48.6)
3.6
(38.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −9.7
(14.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.9
(35.4)
7.4
(45.3)
11.8
(53.2)
15.3
(59.5)
15.5
(59.9)
11.3
(52.3)
5.4
(41.7)
0.4
(32.7)
−6.2
(20.8)
3.4
(38.1)
Record low °C (°F) −32.2
(−26.0)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−13.9
(7.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
2.2
(36.0)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
−16.7
(1.9)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−32.2
(−26.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 59.0
(2.32)
55.8
(2.20)
76.6
(3.02)
69.5
(2.74)
65.0
(2.56)
72.1
(2.84)
53.3
(2.10)
75.9
(2.99)
80.7
(3.18)
68.7
(2.70)
75.0
(2.95)
80.5
(3.17)
832.0
(32.76)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 21.0
(0.83)
28.6
(1.13)
58.6
(2.31)
67.6
(2.66)
65.0
(2.56)
72.1
(2.84)
53.3
(2.10)
75.9
(2.99)
80.7
(3.18)
68.7
(2.70)
70.3
(2.77)
48.0
(1.89)
709.8
(27.94)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 38.0
(15.0)
27.2
(10.7)
17.9
(7.0)
1.9
(0.7)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
4.7
(1.9)
32.5
(12.8)
122.3
(48.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.8 9.6 10.1 10.6 10.6 10.3 7.7 10.1 11.0 12.1 11.7 12.5 128.1
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 3.4 3.4 7.0 10.2 10.6 10.3 7.7 10.1 11.0 12.1 10.8 6.0 102.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.7 6.6 3.6 0.59 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 7.0 27.6
Source: Environment Canada[10]

DemographicsEdit

Port Hope Historical populations
YearPop.±%
18411,200—    
18512,476+106.3%
18715,114+106.5%
18815,581+9.1%
18915,042−9.7%
19014,188−16.9%
19115,092+21.6%
19214,456−12.5%
19314,723+6.0%
19415,006+6.0%
19516,548+30.8%
19618,091+23.6%
19718,872+9.7%
19819,992+12.6%
199111,505+15.1%
200115,605+35.6%
200616,390+5.0%
201116,214−1.1%
201616,753+3.3%
202117,294+3.2%
[11][1]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Port Hope had a population of 17,294 living in 7,318 of its 7,607 total private dwellings, a change of 3.2% from its 2016 population of 16,753. With a land area of 278.8 km2 (107.6 sq mi), it had a population density of 62.0/km2 (160.7/sq mi) in 2021.[12]

Canada census – Port Hope community profile
202120162011
Population17,294 (+3.2% from 2016)16,753 (+3.3% from 2011)16,214 (−1.1% from 2006)
Land area278.80 km2 (107.65 sq mi)278.87 km2 (107.67 sq mi)279.03 km2 (107.73 sq mi)
Population density62/km2 (160/sq mi)60.1/km2 (156/sq mi)58.1/km2 (150/sq mi)
Median age50.8 (M: 48.8, F: 52.8)50.6 (M: 48.8, F: 51.9)
Total private dwellings7,3157,3056,870
Median household income$72,435
References: 2021[13] 2016[14] 2011[15] earlier[16][17]

Mother tongue spoken:[16]

  • English as first language: 94.7%
  • French as first language: 1.0%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 4.3%

EconomyEdit

Top ten Port Hope industries by employment (2015)[18]
Company Employees
CPK Interior Products 403
Cameco Corporation 390
ESCO 157
Cameco Fuel Services 140
Akzo Nobel 78
Standard Auto Wreckers 60
Disk Tooling 40
Curtis Chicks 32
Unitrak 21
Port Hope Patterns 12

Downtown Port Hope offers shopping and a historic main street. Port Hope is served by a Via Rail station. It has a medical centre, a walk-in clinic, and a community health centre. It has had a daily newspaper since 1878, the Port Hope Evening Guide. Until 2007, this was part of the Osprey Media chain and subsequently a part of the Sun Media organization. In 2009 the newspaper was amalgamated with the Cobourg Daily Star and renamed as Northumberland Today.com. In November 2017 the newspaper was included in the large-scale closing of many local community newspapers throughout the province of Ontario.[19]

Port Hope's Economic Development Strategic Plan aims to increase job growth at least as fast as population growth. The town has a variety of industries.

Arts and cultureEdit

 
Ganaraska River at Port Hope

The Ganaraska River (affectionately known as "The Ganny"), is well known to area anglers for annual salmon and trout runs. It has caused many historic floods, the most recent having occurred on March 21–22, 1980. Every April since until 2020, Port Hope has commemorated the flood with "Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny" ten kilometre boat race.[20][21][22] "Participants range from serious paddlers navigating the cold, fast-moving water in kayaks and canoes, to the very entertaining 'crazy craft' paddlers, floating any combination of materials down the river in an attempt to reach the finish line."[23] Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the event was cancelled in 2020 and 2021, the first time in its history for such action.[24]

AttractionsEdit

The Capitol Theatre is Canada's last functioning atmospheric theatre.[25] The theatre's main auditorium is styled after an outdoor medieval courtyard and rolling clouds are projected onto the ceiling. The town spent in excess of three million dollars renovating and upgrading the theatre in 2004–2005. It is also used for live events by Port Hope Festival Theatre.

 
John David Smith House, c. 1834

The Municipality of Port Hope is home to many heritage and cultural attractions, and events, including:

  • Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny—a water race commemorating the 1980 flood of the Ganaraska River[26]
  • Ganaraska Forest Centre
  • Canadian Firefighters Museum[27]
  • Port Hope Yacht Club
  • Port Hope Festival Theatre at the Capitol Theatre
  • La Jeunesse Youth Orchestra [28] (3 concerts per year)
  • Port Hope and District Agricultural Fall Fair
  • The All Canadian Jazz Festival
  • Port Hope Farmers' Market (May to October)[29]
  • Port Hope Christmas and Santa Claus Parade (includes Festival of Trees, Candlelight Walk to Memorial Park, and Carol Singing)
  • Port Hope Drive-In (Built in 1952, it is among the oldest Canadian drive-ins still operating)
  • Architectural Conservancy of Ontario Annual House Tour, Garden Tour, and Antiques and Artifacts Auction
  • Port Hope and District Historical Society Dorothy's House Museum
  • Port Hope Archives[30]
  • Friends of Wesleyville Village
  • Beaches:
    West Beach (parking at the end of Marsh Street)
    East Beach (parking at the bottom of King Street at Madison Street)
  • Port Hope Waterfront Trail[31]
  • Port Hope Golf and Country Club[32]

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

Highway 401 runs through the north end of Port Hope, with exits at County Road 2/Toronto Road (461) and Highway 28/Ontario Street (464).

Port Hope Transit provides local bus service, and VIA Rail provides passenger service from the Port Hope railway station along the Toronto-Montreal corridor. The station was built in 1856 for the Grand Trunk Railway and later CN Rail. It was restored in 1985.[citation needed]

Pleasure boats dock at the foot of John Street at Hayward Street and share the facilities with Cameco, which has berths for freighters servicing their manufacturing facilities at the mouth of the Ganaraska River.

EducationEdit

Public education in Port Hope is under the management of the Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board, and Catholic education is by the Peterborough Victoria Northumberland and Clarington Catholic District School Board.

Elementary schoolsEdit

  • St. Anthony's Elementary School, Catholic JK–8
  • Ganaraska Trail Public School, Public JK–6
  • North Hope Central School, Public JK–6
  • Beatrice Strong Public School, Public JK–6

High schoolsEdit

  • Port Hope High School c. 1871, Public Gr 9-12 - opened in 1853 as Port Hope Grammar School[33]
  • Dr M. S. Hawkins Senior Public School, Public Gr 7–8 (same building as Port Hope High School)
  • Port Hope High School Student to Work Transition Program (SWOT Campus), Public Grade 9–12
  • Trinity College School, Private Gr 5–12
  • Discovery Academy, International campus (not active)

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2021 Census Port Hope, Municipality [Census subdivision], Ontario and Port Hope [Population centre]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  2. ^ "Ontario Heritage Trust - Bringing our story to life". Archived from the original on 16 March 2012.
  3. ^ Hamilton, William (1978). The Macmillan Book of Canadian Place Names. Toronto: Macmillan. p. 167. ISBN 0-7715-9754-1.
  4. ^ Campbell, Morganne (2019-09-05). "Small-town Ontario community featured in 'It: Chapter Two'". Global News. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  5. ^ a b "Historic nuclear waste".
  6. ^ "Port Hope Area Initiative". Retrieved January 13, 2009.
  7. ^ "Use of Canadian Uranium in the World's First Atomic Bombs".
  8. ^ "Ontario town seeks federal inquiry into radiation pollution" Archived 2017-01-12 at the Wayback Machine, The Voice, Volume 15, Issue 43, November 16, 2007. Mandy Gardner
  9. ^ Carola Vyhnak (November 9, 2010). "Port Hope properties tested for radiation". Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  10. ^ "Port Hope, Ontario". Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Environment Canada. Archived from the original on August 19, 2019. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  11. ^ "Port Hope census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  12. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Ontario". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved March 31, 2022.
  13. ^ "2021 Community Profiles". 2021 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 4, 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
  14. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
  15. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  16. ^ a b "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  17. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  18. ^ "Port Hope Community Profile". Municipality of Port Hope. 2015. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18.
  19. ^ "Saying Goodbye to Northumberland Today". JSource. Canadian Journalism Project. November 30, 2017. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  20. ^ "Visit Port Hope: Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny". Municipality of Port Hope. 2017. Archived from the original on 28 July 2016. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  21. ^ Fisher, Pete (April 8, 2017). "Paddlers get creative for Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny in Port Hope, Ont". Toronto Sun/Northumberland Today. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  22. ^ "Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny". Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny. 2017. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  23. ^ "Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny - Crazy Crafts". Passport2017. 2017. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  24. ^ "Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny in Port Hope, Ont. to return in April after 2-year hiatus - Peterborough | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  25. ^ "History of the Capitol Theatre". www.capitoltheatre.com. Retrieved April 30, 2016.
  26. ^ "About". Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2016.
  27. ^ "Canadian Fire Fighters Museum". Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  28. ^ La Jeunesse Youth Orchestra
  29. ^ "Port Hope Farmers' Market". Archived from the original on 4 November 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  30. ^ "Port Hope Archives". Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  31. ^ "Waterfront Trail". Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  32. ^ "Port Hope Golf & Country Club". Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  33. ^ "Port Hope High School: School and Contact Information". Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  34. ^ Stren, Olivia (July 26, 2010). "Wikipedians do it for love. Really". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015.
  35. ^ "Ex NHLer to be honored in Port Hope". July 22, 2010. Retrieved May 1, 2013.
  36. ^ "The Hamlet of Kendal, Ontario". tripod.com. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  37. ^ "Former Pro Hockey Player Dies". January 11, 2012. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.

External linksEdit