Port Elgin, New Brunswick

Port Elgin is a Canadian village in Westmorland County, New Brunswick. It is located near the Nova Scotia border at the mouth of the Gaspereaux River where it empties into the Northumberland Strait's Baie Verte.

Port Elgin
Motto: 
"Your Port of Call"
Location of Port Elgin within New Brunswick. Represented by the red dot.
Location of Port Elgin within New Brunswick. Represented by the red dot.
Port Elgin
Location of Port Elgin within New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 46°04′59″N 64°09′29″W / 46.08306°N 64.15806°W / 46.08306; -64.15806Coordinates: 46°04′59″N 64°09′29″W / 46.08306°N 64.15806°W / 46.08306; -64.15806
CountryCanada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
CountyWestmorland
Established1690
Government
 • MayorJudy Scott
 • MPDominic LeBlanc
 • MLABernard LeBlanc
Area
 • Land2.66 km2 (1.03 sq mi)
Elevation
2 m (5 ft)
Highest elevation
4 m (14 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total408
 • Density153.5/km2 (398/sq mi)
DemonymPortelginian
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Postal code(s)
E4M
Area code506
Access Routes Route 16 (TCH)
Route 15
Route 970
Dwellings196
Websitewww.villageofportelgin.com

HistoryEdit

The village was founded by Acadians in 1690, but abandoned after the Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755. The earthworks of Fort Gaspareaux, a French military fortification from the Seven Years' War are located at the mouth of the river immediately east of the village.

Following the Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War, British Loyalists resettled in the area which was named Gaspareaux Town. Gaspareaux Town was renamed Port Elgin in 1847 in honour of Lord Elgin. The community was incorporated as a village in 1922, the first community in the province to do so.[2]

Throughout the 19th century and first half of the 20th century, Port Elgin experienced modest industrialization with a handful of small factories, tanneries, and sawmills. The village also saw some shipping activity with several wharves on a sheltered harbour at the mouth of the Gaspereau River. The New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island Railway was built through the village in the early 1880s, opening on September 9, 1886, to connect the Intercolonial Railway at Sackville with the seasonal port of Cape Tormentine which supported the winter iceboat service to Prince Edward Island; in 1917 this port became a terminal for the year-round ferry service to P.E.I.

 
Bridge across the Gaspereau River in Port Elgin, New Brunswick

Automobile traffic increased through the village in the 1920s after the P.E.I. ferries began to carry road vehicles. The Baie Verte Road ran west of the village through Baie Verte as "Main Street" and the Immigrant Road ran east of the village. In the 1960s a bypass for Route 16 as a result of Trans-Canada Highway project funding was constructed around Baie Verte and Port Elgin; a traffic circle called the "Port Elgin Rotary" was built at the intersection between Route 16 and Route 15 and Route 970.

The largest employer in the village is Atlantic Windows, which employs 200 persons year-round.[3] The second largest employer is Westford Nursing Home, which has about 30 full and part-time staff and provides permanent care facility for 29 persons as well as one relief-care bed.

The village has a single school, Port Elgin Regional School, which provides public schooling for grades K-8; this school district encompasses all surrounding areas running as far east as Cape Tormentine, north to Robichaud and west to Jolicure. The village also had its own high school but this was closed in the 1990s and high school students are now bused to Tantramar Regional High School in Sackville.

2010 coastal floodingEdit

On January 2, 2010, the village experienced coastal flooding as a result of a storm surge from a nor'easter lifted cottages off their foundations and led to considerable damage to homes, forcing the declaration of a state of emergency in the village and surrounding area.[4] The damage incurred by this storm is thought to be in the area of $900,000.[5]

A second coastal flooding event occurred on December 21, 2010, when another storm surge from a nor'easter flooded sections of the village and surrounding area.[6]

DemographicsEdit

Population trend
YearPop.±% p.a.
1981504—    
1986470−1.39%
1991490+0.84%
1996445−1.91%
2001436−0.41%
2006451+0.68%
2011418−1.51%
2016408−0.48%
2021381−1.36%
Source: [7][8][1][9]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Port Elgin had a population of 381 living in 161 of its 170 total private dwellings, a change of -6.6% from its 2016 population of 408. With a land area of 2.65 km2 (1.02 sq mi), it had a population density of 143.8/km2 (372.4/sq mi) in 2021.[9]

Income (2015)[1]
Income type By CAD
Total income per capita $23,968
Median Household Income $40,064
Median Family Income $50,048
Mother tongue (2016)[1]
Language Population Pct (%)
English 345 90.8%
French 25 6.6%
English and French 5 1.3%
Other languages 5 1.3%

See alsoEdit

Fort Monckton Lighthouse
 
Fort Monckton Lighthouse in 2015
 
LocationGaspereaux Point, New Brunswick, Port Elgin, Canada  
Coordinates46°02′36″N 64°04′15″W / 46.043233°N 64.070761°W / 46.043233; -64.070761
Tower
Constructed1908 (first)
Foundationconcrete base
Constructionfiberglass tower
Height7 m (23 ft)  
Shapecylindrical tower with light[10][11]
Markingsred tower with a central white band
Power sourcesolar power  
OperatorParks Canada  
Light
First lit1971 (current)
Deactivated1971 (first)
Focal height10 m (33 ft)  
Range7 nmi (13 km; 8.1 mi)  
CharacteristicFl W 3s.
(seasonal)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Port Elgin, Village [Census subdivision], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  2. ^ History of Port Elgin Archived 2011-08-10 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ is a champca/region/port_elgin.php[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "CBC News - Canada - Maritimes recover after 'weather bomb'". Cbc.ca. 2010-01-04. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
  5. ^ "N.B. village seeks $750K in flood aid". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. January 8, 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  6. ^ "Eastern N.B. faces treacherous weather". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. December 20, 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  8. ^ "2011 Census Profile: Port Elgin, New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  10. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Canada: Northern New Brunswick". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
  11. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015.

External linksEdit