Westmorland County, New Brunswick

Westmorland County (2016 population 149,623[1]) is a county in New Brunswick, a province of Canada. It is in the south-eastern part of the province. It contains the fast-growing commercial centre of Moncton and its northern and eastern suburbs. Also located in the county are the university town of Sackville and the tourist destination of Shediac.

Westmorland
Location within New Brunswick.
Location within New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 46°04′N 64°31′W / 46.06°N 64.51°W / 46.06; -64.51Coordinates: 46°04′N 64°31′W / 46.06°N 64.51°W / 46.06; -64.51
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
Established1785
Area
 • Land3,666.15 km2 (1,415.51 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total149,623
 • Density40.8/km2 (106/sq mi)
 • Change 2011-2016
Increase 3.8%
 • Dwellings
71,839
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code(s)506

Westmorland County is centrally located in the Maritimes and is New Brunswick's most populous county. Fishing and tourism are important industries along the Northumberland Strait shore while there is some mixed farming in the Petitcodiac River Valley and in the Tantramar Marsh region. The city of Moncton accounts for half the county's population and has developed as a major transportation, distribution, commercial and retail centre. Dorchester is the historical shire town of the county.

TransportationEdit

Major HighwaysEdit

Census subdivisionsEdit

CommunitiesEdit

There are eleven municipalities within Westmorland County (listed by 2016 population):[2]

Official Name Designation Area km2 Population Parish
Moncton City 141.92 71,889 Moncton
Dieppe City 54.05 25,384 Moncton
Beaubassin East Rural community 291.08 6,376 Shediac
Shediac Town 53.95 6,664 Shediac
Sackville Town 74.17 5,331 Sackville
Memramcook Village 187.67 4,778 Dorchester
Cap-Pelé Village 23.36 2,425 Botsford
Salisbury Village 13.54 2,284 Salisbury
Petitcodiac Village 17.21 1,383 Salisbury
Dorchester Village 5.79 1,096 Dorchester
Port Elgin Village 2.66 408 Westmorland

First NationsEdit

There is one First Nations reservation in Westmorland County (population as of 2016)[3]:

Official Name Designation Area km2 Population Parish
Fort Folly 1 Reservation 0.55 48 Dorchester

ParishesEdit

The county is subdivided into seven parishes (listed by 2016 population):[2]

Official Name Area km2 Population Municipalities Unincorporated communities
Moncton 579.63 9,811 Moncton (city)
Dieppe (city)
Allison / Ammon / Berry Mills / Boundary Creek / Canaan / Cape Breton / Gallagher Ridge / Greater Lakeburn / Indian Mountain / Irishtown / Lakeville / LeBlancville / Lutesville / McQuade / Meadow Brook / Melanson Settlement / New Scotland / O'Neil / Pacific Junction / Painsec / Painsec Junction / Scotch Settlement / Shaw Brook / Steeves Mountain / Stilesville
Shediac 196.71 4,789 Beaubassin East (rural community)
Shediac (town)
Batemans Mills / Chapman Corner / East Shediac / Evangeline / MacDougall / Malakoff / Moncton Road / Petit Pre / Ohio-du-Barachois / Pointe-du-Chêne / Saint-Philippe / Scoudouc / Scoudouc Road / Shediac Bridge-Shediac River / Shediac Cape / Shediac Road / The Bluff
Salisbury 874.16 3,388 Salisbury (village)
Petitcodiac (village)
Dobsons Corner / Fawcett / Fawcett Hill / Fredericton Road / Glenvale / Harewood / Havelock / Hicksville / Hillgrove / Intervale / Kay Settlement / Killams Mills / Kinnear Settlement / Leeman Hill / Lewis Mountain / Monteagle / North Branch / Pollett River / River Glade / Scott Road / Second North River / Steeves Settlement / The Glades / Upper Ridge / Wheaton Settlement
Sackville 579.98 1,182 Sackville (town) Aboushagan / Aboushagan Road / Anderson Settlement / Babcock Road / British Settlement / Brooklyn / Brooklyn Road / Centre Village / Coles Island Road / Cookville / Evans / Fairfield / Harper's Brook / Johnson's Mills / Lower Rockport / Midgic / Rockport / Upper Rockport / Ward / West Sackville / Westcock / Wood Point / Woodhurst
Botsford 304.16 1,058 Cap-Pelé (village) Bayfield / Bayside / Botsford / Cadman Corner / Cape Spear / Cape Tormentine / Chapmans Corner / Hardy / Johnston Point Road / Little Shemogue / Malden / Mates Corner / Melrose / Murray Corner / Murray Road / Petit-Cap / Smith Settlement / Spence Settlement / The Bluff / Timber River / Westmorland / Upper Cape / Woodside
Westmorland 175.43 908 Port Elgin (village) Aulac / Baie-Verte / Baie Verte Road / Coburg / Etter Ridge / Fromm's Swamp / Halls Hill / Jolicure / Mount Whatley / Pointe de Bute / Tidnish Bridge / Uniacke Hill / Upper Point de Bute / Westmorland
Dorchester 90.13 429 Memramcook (village)
Dorchester (village)
Fort Folly 1 (reservation)
Calhoun / Cherry Burton / Dorchester Cape / Middleton / Taylor Village / Upper Dorchester

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Westmorland County, New Brunswick community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 149,623 (+3.8% from 2011) 144,158 (+8.5% from 2006) 132,849 (+6.5% from 2001)
Land area: 3,666.15 km2 (1,415.51 sq mi) 3,662.02 km2 (1,413.91 sq mi) 3,659.62 km2 (1,412.99 sq mi)
Population density: 40.8/km2 (106/sq mi) 39.4/km2 (102/sq mi) 36.3/km2 (94/sq mi)
Median age: 43.1 (M: 42.2, F: 43.9) 41.4 (M: 40.5, F: 42.4) 40.4 (M: 39.4, F: 41.4)
Total private dwellings: 71,839 67,842 60,802
Median household income: $61,903 $55,736 $48,293
References: 2016[2] 2011[4] 2006[5] earlier[6]
YearPop.±%
1991 114,745—    
1996 120,531+5.0%
YearPop.±%
2001 124,688+3.4%
2006 132,849+6.5%
YearPop.±%
2011 144,158+8.5%
2016 149,623+3.8%
[7][8][1]

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Westmorland County, New Brunswick[7][8][1]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
146,610
77,450 52.8% 60,570 41.3% 2,430 1.7% 6,160 4.2%
2011
140,925
76,475   7.8% 54.27% 58,795   7.2% 41.72% 2,115   67.2% 1.50% 3,540   17.6% 2.51%
2006
130,080
70,945   3.6% 54.54% 54,860   7.4% 42.17% 1,265   6.3% 0.97% 3,010   102.7% 2.31%
2001
122,405
68,510   1.2% 55.97% 51,060   6.7% 41.71% 1,350   7.2% 1.10% 1,485   12.9% 1.21%
1996
118,330
67,700 n/a 57.21% 47,860 n/a 40.45% 1,455 n/a 1.23% 1,315 n/a 1.11%

Access RoutesEdit

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[9]

Protected areas and attractionsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Westmorland, County [Census division], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-10-02.
  3. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Fort Folly 1, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  4. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  7. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Westmorland County, New Brunswick
  9. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7

External linksEdit