Polonne (Ukrainian: Полонне) is a city on the Khomora River in Shepetivka Raion, Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is located at around 50°7′0″N 27°31′0″E / 50.11667°N 27.51667°E / 50.11667; 27.51667. Polonne hosts the administration of Polonne urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] The current estimated population is 20,471 (2021 est.)[2]

Polonne
Полонне
City
St. Anne Church in Polonne
St. Anne Church in Polonne
Flag of Polonne
Official seal of Polonne
Polonne is located in Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Polonne
Polonne
Polonne is located in Ukraine
Polonne
Polonne
Coordinates: 50°07′12″N 27°30′28″E / 50.12000°N 27.50778°E / 50.12000; 27.50778Coordinates: 50°07′12″N 27°30′28″E / 50.12000°N 27.50778°E / 50.12000; 27.50778
Country Ukraine
Oblast Khmelnytskyi Oblast
First mentioned996
Population
 (2001)
 • Total23,211

Polonne is situated on the Shepetivka-Berdychiv railroad line. Various industries within the city include porcelain, ceramic.

HistoryEdit

Polonne has been known at least since 996, when it was first mentioned as a taxation subject in relation to Prince Volodymyr the Great's Desyatynna Church. Throughout the Middle Ages Polonne was known by its castle, also enjoying Magdeburg Rights. In 1648 almost 10,000 Jews (including the well-known Samson ben Pesah Ostropoli) who had taken refuge within the town's walls were massacred by the troops of Bohdan Khmelnytsky.

In Modern times received city status since 1938.

The Jewish population was important in the town. During World War II, the Germans occupied the town kept the Jews imprisoned in a ghetto. They were guarded by Ukrainian policemen and had to do slave labor. In 1941 and 1942, hundreds of Jews are murdered in mass executions perpetrated by an Einsatzgruppe.[3]

Until 18 July 2020, Polonne was the administrative center of Polonne Raion. The raion was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Khmelnytskyi Oblast to three. The area of Polonne Raion was merged into Shepetivka Raion.[4][5]

Famous peopleEdit

Peretz Markish, famous poet was born in Polonne in 1895. A museum is dedicated to him in the old synagogue. The Canadian sculptor Leo Mol was born in Polonne in 1915.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Полонская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  3. ^ http://www.yadvashem.org/untoldstories/database/index.asp?cid=779 The murder of the Jews of Polonne
  4. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  5. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.

External linksEdit