Politburo of the Communist Party of China
The Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China, formally known as the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and known as Central Bureau before 1927, is a group of 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. Unlike politburos (political bureaus) of other Communist parties, power within the politburo is centralized in the Politburo Standing Committee, a smaller group of Politburo members.
Political Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee
the Central Committee
the Central Committee
|Huairen Hall, Zhongnanhai|
|Politburo of the Communist Party of China|
|Literal meaning||China Communist Party Central Political Bureau|
|Literal meaning||Political Bureau|
The Politburo is nominally elected by the Central Committee. In practice, however, scholars of Chinese elite politics believe that the Politburo is a self-perpetuating body, with new members of both the Politburo and its Standing Committee chosen through a series of deliberations by current Politburo members and retired Politburo Standing Committee members. The current and former Politburo members conduct a series of informal straw polls to determine the group's level of support for each new candidate's membership in the Politburo. The process for selecting the new Politburo begins with a closed door meeting by the incumbent Politburo Standing Committee in Beidaihe in the summer before the Party Congress convenes.
The power of the Politburo resides largely in the fact that its members generally simultaneously hold positions within the People's Republic of China state positions and with the control over personnel appointments that the Politburo and Secretariat have. In addition, some Politburo members hold powerful regional positions. How the Politburo works internally is unclear, but it appears that the full Politburo meets once a month and the standing committee meets weekly. This is believed to be much more infrequent than the former Soviet Politburo had met. The agenda for the meetings appears to be controlled by the General Secretary and decisions are made by consensus rather than by majority vote.
The Politburo was eclipsed by the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee in the early 1980s under Hu Yaobang, but has re-emerged as a dominant force after Hu's ousting in 1987.
The 19th Politburo was elected at the first plenary session of the 19th Central Committee in October 2017.
|IDUCC||Institutions Directly Under the Central Committee|
|CIM||Central institution membership, which in this instance means membership in the PSC, PB, ST and CMC|
|PSC||Standing Committee of the Political Bureau|
|CMC||Central Military Commission|
|SC–CCDI||Standing Committee of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection|
|CCDI||Central Commission for Discipline Inspection|
|CPPCC||Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference|
|DNL||Deputy National Leader|
|Lt. Gen.||Lieutenant General|
|Maj. Gen.||Major General|
|♀||Indicates that the individual is female.|
|↑||Indicates that the individual was elevated from alternate to full member|
|♮||Indicates that the individual was expelled from the Communist Party after CCDI investigation.|
|₪||Indicates that the individual is currently under investigation by the CCDI.|
|∞||Indicates that the individual is retired from active political positions[note 1]|
|§||Indicates that the individual is military personnel.|
|↔||Indicates that the individual is military personnel and has retired from active military service.|
|Note||If two keys are used in the same column it indicates that the individual is both of something. For instance,|
"♀§" indicates that the individual is female (♀) and military personnel (§).
- "Active" political positions refer to the offices of Governor and provincial-level Party Secretary; often, an individual is considered retired when they relinquish either of those offices due to age, and are assigned some kind of committee membership in the National People's Congress.
- Wang, Jun (15 June 2013). "中央政治局如何开会". qikan.com. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- Li, Cheng (2016). Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era: Reassessing Collective Leadership. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 9780815726937. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- Kang Lim, Benjamin (20 November 2017). "Exclusive: China's backroom powerbrokers block reform candidates - sources". Reuters. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- Miller, H. "Hu Jintao and the Party Politburo" (PDF). China Leadership Monitor. Hoover Institution. p. 5. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- Li, Cheng et al. (2008). China's Changing Political Landscape, Washington: Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0-8157-5209-7.