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Politburo of the Communist Party of China

The Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China, formally known as the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and known as Central Bureau (中央局) before 1927, is a group of 25 people who oversee the Communist Party of China. Unlike politburos (political bureaus) of other Communist parties, power within the politburo is centralized in the Politburo Standing Committee, a smaller group of Politburo members.

Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China
中国共产党中央政治局
Coat of arms or logo
Leadership
Status
Leader of
the Party
1st-ranked
member
Elected by
the Central Committee
Responsible to
the Central Committee
Seats 25
Meeting place
Huairen Hall, Zhongnanhai
Beijing, China[1]
Politburo of the Communist Party of China
Simplified Chinese 中国共产党中央政治局
Traditional Chinese 中國共產黨中央政治局
Literal meaning China Communist Party Central Political Bureau
Politburo
Chinese 政治局
Literal meaning Political Bureau

The Politburo is nominally elected by the Central Committee. In practice, however, analysts believe that the Politburo is a self-perpetuating body, with new members of both the Politburo and its Standing Committee chosen through a series of deliberations by current Politburo members and retired Politburo Standing Committee members. The current and former Politburo members conduct a series of informal straw polls to determine the group's level of support for each new candidate's membership in the Politburo. The process for selecting the new Politburo begins with a closed door meeting by the incumbent Politburo Standing Committee in Beidaihe in the summer before the Party Congress convenes.[2][3]

The power of the Politburo resides largely in the fact that its members generally simultaneously hold positions within the People's Republic of China state positions and with the control over personnel appointments that the Politburo and Secretariat have. In addition, some Politburo members hold powerful regional positions. How the Politburo works internally is unclear, but it appears that the full Politburo meets once a month and the standing committee meets weekly. This is believed to be much more infrequent than the former Soviet Politburo had met. The agenda for the meetings appears to be controlled by the General Secretary and decisions are made by consensus rather than by majority vote.[4]

The Politburo was eclipsed by the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee in the early 1980s under Hu Yaobang,[5] but has re-emerged as a dominant force after Hu's ousting in 1987.

Contents

Current PolitburoEdit

The 19th Politburo was elected at the first plenary session of the 19th Central Committee in October 2017.

Hanzi Name Yob K Office(s)
习近平 Xi Jinping
1953
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
President of the People's Republic of China
Chairman of the Central Military Commission
李克强 Li Keqiang
1955
Premier of the State Council
栗战书 Li Zhanshu
1950
Chairman of the National People's Congress Standing Committee
汪洋 Wang Yang
1955
Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
王沪宁 Wang Huning
1955
Secretary of the Central Secretariat (first-ranked)
赵乐际 Zhao Leji
1957
Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
韩正 Han Zheng
1954
Vice Premier of the State Council (first-ranked)
丁薛祥 Ding Xuexiang
1962
Director of the General Office
王晨 Wang Chen
1950
Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
刘鹤 Liu He
1952
Vice Premier of the State Council
许其亮 Xu Qiliang
1950
§ Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission
孙春兰 Sun Chunlan
1950
Vice Premier of the State Council
李希 Li Xi
1956
Party Secretary of Guangdong
李强 Li Qiang
1959
Party Secretary of Shanghai
李鸿忠 Li Hongzhong
1956
Party Secretary of Tianjin
胡春华 Hu Chunhua
1963
Vice Premier of the State Council
杨洁篪 Yang Jiechi
1950
Director of the Office of Foreign Affairs
杨晓渡 Yang Xiaodu
1953
Director of the National Supervisory Commission
张又侠 Zhang Youxia
1950
§ Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission
陈希 Chen Xi
1953
Head of the Organization Department
陈全国 Chen Quanguo
1955
Party Secretary of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
陈敏尔 Chen Min'er
1960
Party Secretary of Chongqing
郭声琨 Guo Shengkun
1954
Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission
黄坤明 Huang Kunming
1956
Head of the Propaganda Department
蔡奇 Cai Qi
1955
Party Secretary of Beijing

KeysEdit

Abbreviations
IDUCC Institutions Directly Under the Central Committee
K Keys
CIM Central institution membership, which in this instance means membership in the PSC, PB, ST and CMC
PSC Standing Committee of the Political Bureau
PB Political Bureau
ST Secretariat
CMC Central Military Commission
SC–CCDI Standing Committee of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
CCDI Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
CPPCC Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
NL National Leader
DNL Deputy National Leader
PM Provincial-Ministerial
SPM Sub-provincial (vice-ministerial)
DE Department-prefecture level
Adm. Admiral
V-Adm. Vice-Admiral
Gen. General
Lt. Gen. Lieutenant General
Maj. Gen. Major General
Keys
Indicates that the individual is female.
Indicates that the individual was elevated from alternate to full member
Indicates that the individual was expelled from the Communist Party after CCDI investigation.
Indicates that the individual is currently under investigation by the CCDI.
Indicates that the individual is retired from active political positions[a]
§ Indicates that the individual is military personnel.
Indicates that the individual is military personnel and has retired from active military service.
Note If two keys are used in the same column it indicates that the individual is both of something. For instance,
"♀§" indicates that the individual is female (♀) and military personnel (§).

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Active" political positions refer to the offices of Governor and provincial-level Party Secretary; often, an individual is considered retired when they relinquish either of those offices due to age, and are assigned some kind of committee membership in the National People's Congress.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wang, Jun (15 June 2013). "中央政治局如何开会". qikan.com. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  2. ^ Li, Cheng (2016). Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era: Reassessing Collective Leadership. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 9780815726937. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  3. ^ Kang Lim, Benjamin (20 November 2017). "Exclusive: China's backroom powerbrokers block reform candidates - sources". Reuters. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  4. ^ Miller, H. "Hu Jintao and the Party Politburo" (PDF). China Leadership Monitor. Hoover Institution. p. 5. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  5. ^ Li, Cheng et al. (2008). China's Changing Political Landscape, Washington: Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0-8157-5209-7.

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit