Subcarpathian Voivodeship

  (Redirected from Podkarpackie)

Subcarpathian Voivodeship or Subcarpathia Province[2] (in Polish: województwo podkarpackie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔtkarˈpatskʲɛ], Slovak: Podkarpatské vojvodstvo, Ukrainian: Підкарпатське воєводство) is a voivodeship, or province, in the southeastern corner of Poland. Its administrative capital and largest city is Rzeszów. Along with the Marshall, it is governed by the Subcarpathian Regional Assembly. Historically, most of the province's territory was part of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria and the Ruthenian Voivodeship. In the interwar period, it was part of the Lwów Voivodeship.

Subcarpathian Voivodeship

Województwo podkarpackie
Flag of Subcarpathian Voivodeship
Flag
Coat of arms of Subcarpathian Voivodeship
Coat of arms
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Division into counties
Division into counties
Coordinates (Rzeszów): 50°2′1″N 22°0′17″E / 50.03361°N 22.00472°E / 50.03361; 22.00472
Country Poland
CapitalRzeszów
Counties
Government
 • VoivodeEwa Leniart (PiS)
 • MarshalWładysław Ortyl (PiS)
Area
 • Total17,844 km2 (6,890 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total2,127,462
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
 • Urban
880,947
 • Rural
1,246,515
ISO 3166 codePL-18
Vehicle registrationR
HDI (2017)0.840[1]
very high · 13th
Websitehttps://rzeszow.uw.gov.pl/
  • further divided into 160 gminas

The voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Rzeszów, Przemyśl, Krosno and (partially) Tarnów and Tarnobrzeg Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local-government reforms adopted in 1998. The name derives from the region's location near the Carpathian Mountains, and the voivodeship comprises areas of two historic regions of Eastern Europe — Lesser Poland (western and northwestern counties) and Red Ruthenia. During the interwar period (1918-1939), Subcarpathian Voivodeship belonged to "Poland B", the less-developed, more rural parts of Poland. To boost the local economy, the government of the Second Polish Republic began in the mid-1930s a massive program of industrialization, known as the Central Industrial Region. The program created several major armament factories, including PZL Mielec, PZL Rzeszów, Huta Stalowa Wola, and factories in other Subcarpathian towns such as Dębica, Nowa Dęba, Sanok, Tarnobrzeg and Nowa Sarzyna. One of the names that was proposed for this voivodeship, was Galician, referring to the old historical region of Galicia. Despite having the approval of the population, the name that was put at the end was Subcarpathian, although it has never been called this way before.

It is bordered by Lesser Poland Voivodeship to the west, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship to the north-west, Lublin Voivodeship to the north, Ukraine (Lviv Oblast and Zakarpattia Oblast) to the east and Slovakia (Prešov Region) to the south. It covers an area of 17,844 square kilometres (6,890 sq mi), and has a population of 2,127,462 (as at 2019). The voivodeship is mostly hilly or mountainous (see Bieszczady, Beskidy); its northwestern corner is flat. It is one of the most wooded Polish voivodeships (35.9% of total area), within its borders there is whole Bieszczady National Park, and parts of Magura National Park.

Cities and townsEdit

The voivodeship contains 51 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures as of 2019)[3]

  1. Rzeszów (194,886)
  2. Przemyśl (60,999)
  3. Stalowa Wola (60,799)
  4. Mielec (60,366)
  5. Tarnobrzeg (46,907)
  6. Krosno (46,369)
  7. Dębica (45,634)
  8. Jarosław (37,585)
  9. Sanok (37,381)
  10. Jasło (35,063)
  11. Łańcut (17,709)
  12. Ropczyce (15,836)
  13. Przeworsk (15,356)
  14. Nisko (15,324)
  15. Leżajsk (13,853)
  16. Sędziszów Małopolski (12,357)
  17. Lubaczów (12,018)
  18. Nowa Dęba (11,152)
  19. Ustrzyki Dolne (9,097)
  20. Kolbuszowa (9,075)
  21. Strzyżów (8,884)
  22. Brzozów (7,463)
  23. Rudnik nad Sanem (6,710)
  24. Głogów Małopolski (6,654)
  25. Boguchwała (6,179)
  26. Dynów (6,129)
  27. Nowa Sarzyna (5,834)
  28. Jedlicze (5,736)
  29. Lesko (5,424)
  30. Radymno (5,279)
  31. Zagórz (5,095)
  32. Pilzno (4,912)
  33. Sokołów Małopolski (4,193)
  34. Rymanów (3,825)
  35. Tyczyn (3,824)
  36. Pruchnik (3,764)
  37. Radomyśl Wielki (3,231)
  38. Kańczuga (3,167)
  39. Zaklików (2,979)
  40. Oleszyce (2,974)
  41. Brzostek (2,752)
  42. Sieniawa (2,140)
  43. Błażowa (2,139)
  44. Narol (2,109)
  45. Dukla (2,061)
  46. Cieszanów (1,913)
  47. Iwonicz-Zdrój (1,787)
  48. Przecław (1,775)
  49. Baranów Sandomierski (1,456)
  50. Ulanów (1,422)
  51. Kołaczyce (1,409)

Administrative divisionEdit

Subcarpathian Voivodeship is divided into 25 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 21 land counties. These are further divided into 160 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area Population
(2019)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
km2 sq mi
City counties
Rzeszów 77 30 194,886 1
Przemyśl 44 17 60,999 1
Tarnobrzeg 86 33 46,907 1
Krosno 43 17 46,369 1
Land counties
Rzeszów County
powiat rzeszowski
471 182 168,614 Rzeszów * Boguchwała, Głogów Małopolski, Sokołów Małopolski, Błażowa, Tyczyn 14
Mielec County
powiat mielecki
880 340 136,591 Mielec Radomyśl Wielki, Przecław 10
Dębica County
powiat dębicki
776 300 135,348 Dębica Pilzno, Brzostek 7
Jarosław County
powiat jarosławski
1,029 397 120,462 Jarosław Radymno, Pruchnik 11
Jasło County
powiat jasielski
830 320 113,730 Jasło Kołaczyce 10
Krosno County
powiat krośnieński
924 357 112,301 Krosno * Jedlicze, Rymanów, Dukla, Iwonicz-Zdrój 10
Stalowa Wola County
powiat stalowowolski
833 322 106,272 Stalowa Wola Zaklików 6
Sanok County
powiat sanocki
1,225 473 94,473 Sanok Zagórz 8
Łańcut County
powiat łańcucki
452 175 80,898 Łańcut 7
Przeworsk County
powiat przeworski
698 269 78,354 Przeworsk Kańczuga, Sieniawa 9
Ropczyce-Sędziszów County
powiat ropczycko-sędziszowski
549 212 74,416 Ropczyce Sędziszów Małopolski 5
Przemyśl County
powiat przemyski
1,214 469 74,234 Przemyśl * 10
Leżajsk County
powiat leżajski
583 225 69,479 Leżajsk Nowa Sarzyna 5
Nisko County
powiat niżański
786 303 66,699 Nisko Rudnik nad Sanem, Ulanów 7
Brzozów County
powiat brzozowski
540 210 65,652 Brzozów 6
Kolbuszowa County
powiat kolbuszowski
774 299 62,389 Kolbuszowa 6
Strzyżów County
powiat strzyżowski
503 194 61,505 Strzyżów 5
Lubaczów County
powiat lubaczowski
1,308 505 55,438 Lubaczów Oleszyce, Narol, Cieszanów 8
Tarnobrzeg County
powiat tarnobrzeski
520 200 53,115 Tarnobrzeg * Nowa Dęba, Baranów Sandomierski 4
Lesko County
powiat leski
835 322 26,532 Lesko 5
Bieszczady County
powiat bieszczadzki
1,138 439 21,799 Ustrzyki Dolne 3
* seat not part of the county

Protected areasEdit

 
Jaśliski Landscape Park and Jasiołka River

Protected areas in Subcarpathian Voivodeship include two national parks and 11 Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

EconomyEdit

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 19.4 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 3.9% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 15,100 euros or 50% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 59% of the EU average. Podkarpackie Voivodship is the province with the third lowest GDP per capita in Poland.[4]

HistoryEdit

Ethnic groupsEdit

 
Regional costumes of the Pogorzans

Most popular surnames in the regionEdit

  1. Mazur:[5] 9,530
  2. Nowak: 9,301
  3. Baran: 8,020

Notable residentsEdit

Subcarpathia landscape picturesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "Central Statistical Office(GUS) - TERYT(National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)".  (in Polish). 01.09.2008. Retrieved 2008-10-23. Check date values in: |date= (help)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ Arkadiusz Belczyk, Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  3. ^ GUS. "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  4. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  5. ^ Kujawiak, Ślązak similarly as Krakowiak and Mazur, took its name from the region of origin; " Mazowsze zasługuje na uwagę ze względu uzdolnień kolonizacyjnych ludności, które to plemię zapędzały na Ruś Czerwoną, w ziemię bialską, więc w sadyby dawnych Jadźwingów, na Podole. Wszędzie jednakże swoje plemienne cechy, a chociażby nazwę Mazurzy. Do dziś dnia (Tatomir Geografija Galicji 1876. str. 59) między Rabą a lewym brzegiem Sanu ludność miejscowa nosi nazwę Mazurów, z których część pod nazwą Grębowiaków (Lisowiaków al. Borowców) siedzi między Wisłą, dolnym Sanem po Mielec, i Leżajsk. Mamy zaś ślady, że w 1373 w Sanockiem nad Sanem, z daru księcia Władysława Opolczyka, a wówczas pana Rusi (lwowskiej) otrzymał wieś Jabłonicę Przybysław syn Fala z ziemi łęczyckiej (AGZ t. VII, str. 15-16)..." [w:] Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, Tom VI. III. Etnografia i stosunki społeczne. str. 191.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 49°57′24″N 22°10′22″E / 49.95667°N 22.17278°E / 49.95667; 22.17278