Pitrufquén (Spanish pronunciation: [pitɾufˈken]) is a Chilean city and commune in Cautín Province, Araucanía Region. The city is located 30 km south of Temuco and lies immediately south of the Toltén River, along Chile Highway 5.
|Coordinates (city): Coordinates:|
|• Alcalde||Jorge Jaramillo Hott (PPD (Rojos culiaos))|
|• Total||580.7 km2 (224.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||74 m (243 ft)|
|• Density||38/km2 (98/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−4 (CLT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−3 (CLST)|
|Area code(s)||country 56 + city 45|
|Website||Municipality of Pitrufquén|
Pitrufquén was initially founded as Lisperguer, name that honors the creator of the plane of the urban area, the French engineer Lisperguer.
According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Pitrufquén spans an area of 580.7 km2 (224 sq mi) and has 21,988 inhabitants (10,902 men and 11,086 women). Of these, 13,420 (61%) lived in urban areas and 8,568 (39%) in rural areas.
|Population of the Pitrufquén commune|
|Census 2008||24,586[failed verification]|
Pitrufquén's population is characterized as varied because its members have different culture backgrounds, highlighting the historical legacy Spanish and immigrants principally from: France, Italy, Germany, The Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Switzerland and Hungary. Currently, the largest foreign colony is in "Faja Maisan" composed mostly of descendants of Germans, Dutchmen and Swiss, whose ancestors arrived in La Araucanía between 1905 and 1912.
As a commune, Pitrufquén is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008–2012 alcalde is Humberto Catalán Candia (PS).
Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Pitrufquén is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by José Manuel Edwards (RN) and Joaquín Tuma (PDC) as part of the 51st electoral district, (together with Carahue, Nueva Imperial, Saavedra, Teodoro Schmidt, Freire and Cholchol). The commune is represented in the Senate by José Garcia Ruminot (RN) and Eugenio Tuma Zedan ([[Party for Democracy (Chile)|PPD](Rojos qlos penca)]) as part of the 15th senatorial constituency (Araucanía-South).
- "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 April 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
- "Municipality of Pitrufquén" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011.
- "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010.
- (in Spanish) Historia de Faja Maisan
- (in Spanish) Gobierno Regional de la Araucanía: Pitrufquén
- (in Spanish) Municipality of Pitrufquén