Piraeus station

Piraeus station refers to two railway termini in Piraeus, Greece, approximately 9 km south-west of the centre of Athens. The southern building is the present terminus of Athens Metro Line 1, formerly the Athens-Piraeus Railways Co that opened in 1869.[1] The northern building is the railway terminus for standard gauge railway services of Proastiakos to Acharnes Junction and Chalcis.[2]

Athens Metro
Πειραιάς
Piraeus
Athens Suburban Railway
Athens Metro Piraeus station-CN.jpg
Line 1 station
General information
LocationPiraeus, Athens
Greece
Coordinates37°56′57″N 23°38′33″E / 37.9491°N 23.6426°E / 37.9491; 23.6426Coordinates: 37°56′57″N 23°38′33″E / 37.9491°N 23.6426°E / 37.9491; 23.6426
Operated byStatheres Sygkoinonies S.A.
Line(s)Line 1 Line 3
Piraeus–Platy railway
Platforms10
Tracks8
ConnectionsProastiakos
Construction
Structure typeAt Grade
Platform levels2
History
Opened
  • 27 February 1869 (Line 1)
  • 30 June 1884 (OSE)
  • 29 September 2022 (Line 3)
Services
Preceding station Logo of the Athens Metro Operating Company (AMEL).svg Athens Metro Following station
Terminus Line 1 Faliro
towards Kifisia
Dimotiko Theatro
Terminus
Line 3
Extension by 2022
Maniatika
Preceding station Proastiakos icon (no text).svg Proastiakos Following station
Terminus Line 1 Lefka
Line 2 Lefka
towards Kiato
Location
Line structure
προς Athens/S.Κ.Α.

Both buildings are located next to the seaport.

The Electric Railways Museum of Piraeus is located in the station, in the space of the former Post Office.

HistoryEdit

Piraeus metro stationEdit

The Piraeus metro station opened in 1869 by Sap company to connect Piraeus and Athens (at the time Piraeus was not yet integral part of Athens agglomeration) as a conventional steam single-track mixed cargo and passenger railway line and electrified in 1904 however, the line had open between Thissio and Piraeus (with the first terminal in Neo Faliro) in 1869, becoming the first railway line in Greece.[3]

Piraeus Proastiakos stationEdit

The Station opened on then Ploutonos Street, today's Kallimassioti coast on 30 June 1884[citation needed] on what was the Piraeus, Athens and Peloponnese line (or SPAP) build to connect In 1920 Hellenic State Railways or SEK was established, however, many railways, such as the SPAP continued to be run as a separate company, becoming an independent company once more two years later.

Due to growing debts, the SPAP came under government control between 1939 and 1940. During the Axis occupation of Greece (1941–44), Athens was controlled by German military forces, and the line was used for the transport of troops and weapons. During the occupation (and especially during German withdrawal in 1944), the network was severely damaged by both the German army and Greek resistance groups. The track and rolling stock replacement took time following the civil war, with normal service levels resumed around 1948. In 1954 SPAP was nationalized once more. In 1962 the SPAP was amalgamated into SEK.[4] In 1970 OSE became the legal successor to the SEK, taking over responsibilities for most of Greece's rail infrastructure. On 1 January 1971 the station, and most of the Greek rail infrastructure was transferred to the Hellenic Railways Organisation S.A., a state-owned corporation. Freight traffic declined sharply when the state-imposed monopoly of OSE for the transport of agricultural products and fertilisers ended in the early 1990s. Many small stations of the network with little passenger traffic were closed down.

In 2001 the infrastructure element of OSE was created, known as GAIAOSE, it would henceforth be responsible for the maintenance, of stations, bridges and other elements of the network, as well as the leasing and the sale of railway assists.[5] In 2003, OSE launched "Proastiakos SA", as a subsidiary to serve the operation of the suburban network in the urban complex of Athens during the 2004 Olympic Games. In 2005, TrainOSE was created as a brand within OSE to concentrate on rail services and passenger interface. That same year the station closed, with the last service 7 August 2005, together with the section Piraeus-Agioi Anargyroi of the railway line Athens "Peloponnese Central station-Corinth. After reconstruction, it was reopened as a station of TRAINOSE and Proastiakos on 3 June 2007. Until 2005 it served the rail transport between Piraeus and Piraeus. this was also known informally as the Peloponnese Station. From Piraeus station, a line led to the port of Piraeus, through which freight trains were circulating that performed transhipments between the railway and the ships.

In 2008, Proastiakos were transferred from OSE to TrainOSE. In 2009, with the Greek debt crisis unfolding OSE's Management was forced to reduce services across the network.[6] Timetables were cutback and routes closed, as the government-run entity attempted to reduce overheads. In 2014 work began to update and expand the station. In 2017 OSE's passenger transport sector was privatised as TrainOSE, currently, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane[7] infrastructure, including stations, remained under the control of state-owned OSE. In July 2022, the station began being served by Hellenic Train, the rebranded TranOSE.[8]

ServicesEdit

The station is served the following lines of the Athens Metro

The station is served the following lines of the Athens Proastiakos railway:[9]

Line 1[10] Piraeus - Airport[11] with 1 tph.[12]

Line 2[13] Piraeus - Kiato[14] with 1 tph.[15]

Station layoutEdit

Level
L1
Platform 1 out of order
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Platform 2 Π1   towards Airport/Π2   towards Kiato (Lefka)
Platform 3 Π1   towards Airport/Π2   towards Kiato (Lefka)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Platform 4 Π1   towards Airport/Π2   towards Kiato (Lefka)
Platform 5   rush hour platform →
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Platform 6 out of order
Kononos Street
Ground/Concourse
G/C
Customer service Tickets
Exits
Level
L2
Side platform, outbound or interchange to  
Platform 7   towards Kifisia (Faliro)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 8   towards Kifisia (Faliro)
Side platform, outbound or interchange to  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Stations". Archived from the original on 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2012-01-30. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  2. ^ 2012 Network Statement, Athens: OSE, 2012, p. 3.3, archived from the original (pdf) on 2013-03-10
  3. ^ "Το ταλαιπωρημένο τμήμα Φάληρο – Πειραιάς και η απαξίωση των ΗΣΑΠ". 28 July 2021.
  4. ^ Ν. 4246/1962
  5. ^ https://www.gaiaose.com/
  6. ^ "Σιδηροδρομικός σταθμός - Μουσείο τρένων".
  7. ^ "It's a new day for TRAINOSE as FS acquires the entirety of the company's shares". ypodomes.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  8. ^ https://www.ekathimerini.com/economy/1188080/trainose-renamed-hellenic-train-eyes-expansion/[bare URL]
  9. ^ "Athens Suburban Railway". Athens: TrainOSE. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Ο προαστιακός έπιασε... Χαλκίδα". Τα Νέα. Αθήνα. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  11. ^ Proastiakos timetable 2020
  12. ^ "Σταθμός Πειραιάς Προαστιακού". 24 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Ο προαστιακός έπιασε... Χαλκίδα". Τα Νέα. Αθήνα. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  14. ^ "Στους Αγίους Αναργύρους θα τερματίζουν τα δρομολόγια του Προαστιακού από Χαλκίδα". October 21, 2019.
  15. ^ "Σταθμός Πειραιάς Προαστιακού". 24 July 2021.

External linksEdit