Phoenix Stakes (United States)

The Phoenix Stakes is an American Thoroughbred horse race held annually at Keeneland Race Course in Lexington, Kentucky. Open to horses age three and older, it is contested on dirt over a distance of six furlongs and currently offers a purse of $350,000. Raced in early October, prior to 1989 it was run during the track's spring meeting. It became a Grade III event in 2000, then was upgraded to Grade II status in 2016.[1]

Phoenix Stakes
Grade II race
LocationKeeneland Race Course
Lexington, Kentucky
Inaugurated1831
Race typeThoroughbred - Flat racing
Websitewww.keeneland.com
Race information
Distance6 furlong sprint
SurfaceDirt
TrackLeft-handed
QualificationThree-years-old & up
WeightAssigned
Purse$350,000 (since 2022)[1]

Part of the Breeders' Cup Challenge series, the winner of the Phoenix Stakes automatically qualifies for the Breeders' Cup Sprint.

HistoryEdit

Founded in 1831 with the name from the local Phoenix Hotel, it is the oldest thoroughbred horse race in North America though it has not been run continuously.[2] Hosted by the Kentucky Association racetrack in Lexington until 1930, the event was restarted at Keeneland Race Course in 1937. From 1943 to 1945, the race was renewed as part of the Keeneland-at-Churchill Downs meetings. Over the years it has been called the Brennan, Chiles, Phoenix, Association, Phoenix Hotel Stakes and Phoenix Handicap.

The Phoenix Stakes was raced on dirt until 2006 when Keeneland Race Course installed a synthetic Polytrack surface. In 2014, the Polytrack was replaced by a new dirt surface. As a result of these changes, Keeneland maintains separate sets of track records.[3]

The 2016 Phoenix Stakes was the 164th running on the race. A. P. Indian won while establishing a track record for the new dirt surface.[4]

RecordsEdit

Speed record: (at current distance of 6 furlongs)

  • 1:07.60 - Anjiz (1993 on old dirt surface)
  • 1:08.43 - A. P. Indian (2016 on new dirt surface)

Winners since 1972Edit

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Time
2022 Manny Wah 6 Corey J. Lanerie Wayne M. Catalano Susan Moulton 1:10.31
2021 Special Reserve 5 Joel Rosario Michael Maker Paradise Farms Corp and David Staudacher 1:08.54
2020 Diamond Oops 5 Florent Geroux Patrick Biancone Diamond 100 Racing Club et al. 1:09.24
2019 Engage 4 José Ortiz Steve Asmussen Woodford Racing LLC 1:10.21
2018 Promises Fulfilled 3 Luis Saez Dale Romans Robert J. Baron 1:09.50
2017 Whitmore 4 Manuel Franco Ron Moquette Robert Lapenta, Southern Springs Stables, et al. 1:09.90
2016 A. P. Indian 6 Joe Bravo Arnaud Delacour Green Lantern Stables LLC (Richard & Sue Masson) 1:08.43
2015 Runhappy 3 Edgar S. Prado Maria Borell James McIngvale 1:09.96
2014 Work All Week 5 Florent Geroux Roger Brueggemann Midwest Thoroughbreds, Inc. (Richard & Karen Papiese) 1:09.00
2013 Sum of the Parts 4 Leandro Goncalves Thomas M. Amoss Klaravich Stables & William Lawrence 1:09.56
2012 Sum of the Parts 3 Julien Leparoux Thomas M. Amoss Klaravich Stables & William Lawrence 1:09.88
2011 Hoofit 4 Edgar Prado H. Graham Motion Jill Johnston 1:09.27
2010 Wise Dan 3 Rafael Bejarano Charles Lopresti Morton Fink 1:09.20
2009 Fatal Bullet 4 Eurico Rosa Da Silva Reade Baker Bear Stables, Ltd. (Danny Dion) 1:09.00
2008 Sing Baby Sing 5 Justin Shepherd Jack Bruner Tom Durant 1:08.48
2007 Off Duty 4 Larry Melancon Lynn S. Whiting John Pucek et al. 1:10.17
2006 Kelly's Landing 5 Rafael Bejarano Eddie Kenneally Summerplace Farm, LLC 1:09.94
2005 Elusive Jazz 4 Robby Albarado Bobby C. Barnett Stony Oak Farm, LLC 1:11.60
2004 Champali 4 Rafael Bejarano Gregory D. Foley Lloyd Madison Farms IV, LLC 1:08.72
2003 Najran 4 Javier Castellano Nick Zito Buckram Oak Farm 1:08.32
2002 Xtra Heat 4 Harry Vega John E. Salzman, Sr. Kenneth Taylor, et al. 1:10.13
2001 Bet On Sunshine 9 Calvin Borel Paul J. McGee David P. Holloway Racing 1:09.65
2000 Five Star Day 4 Garrett Gomez C. Beau Greely Columbine Stable LLC (Andrea S. Pollack) 1:07.80
1999 Richter Scale 5 Kent Desormeaux Mary Jo Lohmeier Nancy & Rick Kaster/ Nathan Fox 1:08.40
1998 Partner's Hero 4 Calvin Borel D. Wayne Lukas Willis Horton Stable 1:09.20
1997 Bet On Sunshine 5 Francisco Torres Paul J. McGee David P. Holloway racing 1:08.60
1996 Forest Wildcat 5 Joe Bravo Ben Perkins, Sr. Fred Seitz & New Farm 1:09.40
1995 Golden Gear 4 Craig Perret P. Noel Hickey Barry Golden 1:08.80
1994 Lost Pan 4 Donna Barton D. Wayne Lukas Jim McDonald & Overbrook 1:09.40
1993 Anjiz 5 Donald Miller Jr. Michael H. Bell Gainsborough Farm 1:07.60
1992 British Banker 4 Dean Kutz Peter M. Vestal Dogwood Stable 1:09.20
1991 Deposit Ticket 3 Pat Day D. Wayne Lukas Overbrook & Lukas 1:10.20
1990 Hadif 4 Dave Penna Thomas J. Skiffington Shadwell Farm 1:09.40
1989 Momsfurrari 5 Mike E. Smith Glenn Wismer Judy & Philip S. Maas 1:10.60
1988 Carload 6 Earlie Fires Thomas F. Proctor Glen Hill Farm 1:09.80
1987 Diapason 7 Patrick Johnson Michael H. Bell Helen C. Alexander 1:09.80
1986 Lucky North 5 Pat Day William I. Mott John A. Franks 1:11.00
1985 Harry 'N Bill 5 Mary Russ Emanuel Tortora Bee Bee Stable (John Bush) 1:09.60
1984 Timeless Native 4 Don Brumfield Bud Delp Hawksworth Farm (Harry Meyerhoff) 1:10.80
1983 Shot n' Missed 6 Leroy Moyers William I. Mott William F. Lucas 1:09.00
1982 Golden Derby 4 Julio C. Espinoza Smiley Adams F. E. Lehmann & J. R. Gaines 1:10.00
1981-1 Turbulence 5 Julio C. Espinoza John C. Oxley M/M C.H. Colpitt 1:09.40
1981-2 Zuppardo's Prince 5 Julio C. Espinoza Clarence Breedlove Anthony L. Zuppardo 1:09.40
1980 Zuppardo's Prince 5 Julio C. Espinoza Clarence Breedlove Anthony L. Zuppardo 1:09.40
1979 Shelter Half 4 Sam Boulmetis, Jr. Beverly P. Hacker Fourbrothers Stable 1:09.00
1978 Amadevil 4 Sam Maple Hoss Inman Paul & Orville Kemling 1:09.40
1977 It's Freezing 5 Eddie Maple William R. O'Neill Bwamazon Farm 1:09.60
1976 Gallant Bob 4 Don Brumfield Joe D. Marquette Robert P. Horton 1:08.40
1975 Delta Oil 6 Robert Breen Forrest Kaelin Dorothy Dorsett Brown 1:09.40
1974 Penholder 5 Buck Thornburg Victor D. Karr Mrs. Irene D. Karr 1:09.40
1973 Honey Jay 5 Julio C. Espinoza Ike K. Mourar Robert E. Lehmann 1:11.40
1972 Honey Jay 4 Julio C. Espinoza Ike K. Mourar Robert E. Lehmann 1:09.40

Earlier winnersEdit

  • 1971 - Great Mystery
  • 1970 - Paderoso
  • 1969 - Lithiot
  • 1968 - Miracle Hill
  • 1967 - Moccasin
  • 1966 - Bay Phantom
  • 1965 - Gallant Romeo
  • 1964 - Choker
  • 1963 - Editorialist (always race without a whip)
  • 1962 - Editorialist
  • 1961 - Eight Again
  • 1960 - Court Affair
  • 1959 - Bumpy Road
  • 1958 - Ezgo
  • 1957 - Bandit
  • 1956 - Sea O' Erin
  • 1955 - Sea O' Erin (raced for years)
  • 1954 - Pomace
  • 1953 - Pet Bully
  • 1952 - Hill Gail
  • 1951 - Mount Marcy
  • 1950 - Mount Marcy
  • 1949 - Miss Neal (Filly)
  • 1948 - Coaltown
  • 1947 - George Gains
  • 1946 - Sirius
  • 1945 - Best Effort
  • 1944 - Roman Sox (Filly)
  • 1943 - Miss Dogwood (Filly)
  • 1942 - Devil Diver
  • 1941 - Cherry Jam
  • 1940 - Easy Mon
  • 1939 - Torchy
  • 1938 - Main Man
  • 1937 - Preeminent
  • 1931 to 1936 - RACE NOT RUN
  • 1930 - Montanaro
  • 1928 - Luxembourg
  • 1927 - Percentage
  • 1926 - Marconi
  • 1925 - Almadel
  • 1924 - Chacolet (Filly)
  • 1923 - Minto II (Laverne Fator)
  • 1922 - Advocate
  • 1921 - General Haig
  • 1920 - Buford
  • 1919 - Opportunity
  • 1918 - Embroidery (Filly)
  • 1917 - Grover Hughes
  • 1913 - Flora Fina (Filly) (Champion Handicap Female)
  • 1912 - Mockler
  • 1911 - Countless
  • 1906 to 1910 - no race
  • 1905 - Agile
  • 1898 to 1904 - no race
  • 1897 - Goshen
  • 1896 - Prince Leif
  • 1895 - Halma
  • 1894 - Chant
  • 1893 - Clifford
  • 1892 - Wadsworth
  • 1891 - Kingman
  • 1890 - Ban Chief
  • 1889 - Once Again (3rd in the 1889 Kentucky Derby)
  • 1888 - The Chevalier
  • 1887 - Banburg
  • 1886 - Grimaldi
  • 1885 - Bersan
  • 1884 - Admiral
  • 1883 - Lord Raglan
  • 1882 - Freeland
  • 1881 - Sligo
  • 1880 - Fonso (won the 1880 Kentucky Derby)
  • 1879 - Falsetto
  • 1878 - Himyar
  • 1877 - Brademante (Filly)
  • 1876 - Vagrant (Champion 2-Year-Old Male & Champion 3-Year-Old Male)
  • 1875 - Ten Broeck
  • 1874 - Aaron Pennington
  • 1873 - Artist
  • 1872 - Planatarium (Filly)
  • 1871 - Molly Cad (Filly)
  • 1870 - Enquirer
  • 1868 - Crossland
  • 1867 - Phoenix Belle (Filly)
  • 1866 - Norway
  • 1865 - Gold Ring (Filly)
  • 1860 - Solferino
  • 1856 - Parachute (Filly)
  • 1855 - Balloon (Filly)
  • 1854 - Charlie Ball
  • 1853 - Lexington
  • 1852 - Star Davis
  • 1841 - Zenith
  • 1840 - Berthune
  • 1839 - Minstrel (Filly)
  • 1838 - Mary Brennan (Filly)
  • 1832 - Virginia (Filly)
  • 1831 - McDonough

Sire linesEdit

  • the Darley Arabian (1700c) sire line (all branched through the Eclipse (1764) line)[5] produced 108 Stakes winners (70 colts, 28 geldings, 10 fillies), including all winners from 1989 to present. The main branches of this sire line are:
    • the Mercury (1764) branch produced 1 winner, most recently Planetarium in 1872[6]
    • the King Fergus (1775) branch produced 16 winners. His sire line continued primarily through his son Hambletonian (1792) with 13 winners (exclusively through the Voltigeur (1847) line), continued primarily through his descendant Vedette (1854) with 12 winners, due primarily to his son Galopin (1872) with 9 winners (exclusively through the St. Simon (1881) line), most recently Whitmore in 2017[7][8][9]
    • the Potoooooooo (1773) branch[10] produced 91 winners (all branched through the Waxy (1790) line). The primary branch of this sire line is through Whalebone (1807), which has produced 82 winners. In turn, the primary branch continues through Sir Hercules (1826), which has produced 60 winners, and then the Birdcatcher (1833) branch[11] which produced 54 winners. From Birdcatcher, the branch of The Baron (1842) has produced 48 winners (exclusively through the Stockwell (1849) line).[12] Birdcatcher's grandson Doncaster (1870) sired Bend Or (1877), whose sire line accounts for 43 winners.[13] The main branch of the Bend Or sire line continued through his son Bona Vista (1889) with 36 winners, exclusively through the Phalaris (1913) line,[14] which has dominated in the last several decades (including all winners from 2018 to present), primarily through his son Pharos (1920) with 24 winners (exclusively through the Nearco (1935) line),[15] most recently Engage in 2019.[16] Of special note, the Phalaris (1913) branch produced two more recent winners than the Pharos (1920) line, from the less common Sickle (1924) branch (10 winners exclusively through the Raise a Native (1961) line, nearly exclusively through the Mr Prospector (1970) line with 9 winners), most recently Diamond Oops in 2020,[17] and Special Reserve in 2021.[18]
      • Special notes:
        • The Whalebone (1807) branch produced two main lines: the primary branch of Sir Hercules (1826) which produced 60 winners, and the secondary branch of Camel (1822) which produced 17 winners (exclusively through the Touchstone (1831) line). The Camel branch continued primarily through two of this grandsons: the Newminster (1848) branch (8 winners, primarily through the Hyperion (1930) line with 5 winners, most recently Delta Oil in 1975), and the Orlando (1841) branch (9 winners, primarily through the Commando (1900) line with 7 winners, most recently Honey Jay in 1973).[19][20] A third branch through Waverley (exclusively through the Iago (1843) line) produced 5 winners, most recently Bumpy Road in 1959.[21]
        • The Sir Hercules (1826) branch produced two main lines: the primary branch of Birdcatcher (1833) which produced 54 winners, and the secondary branch of Faugh-a-Ballagh (1841) which produced 6 winners (exclusively through the Leamington (1853) line), most recently 1894 Phoenix Stakes winner Chant.[22]
        • The Birdcatcher (1833) branch produced two main lines: the primary branch of The Baron (1870) which produced 48 winners, and the secondary branch of Oxford (1857) which produced 6 winners (nearly exclusively through the Swynford (1907) line with 5 winners), most recently 1961 Phoenix Stakes winner Eight Again.[23]
        • The Bend Or (1877) branch produced two main lines: the primary branch of Bona Vista (1889) which produced 36 winners, and the secondary branch of Ormonde (1883) which produced 6 winners (nearly exclusively through the Teddy (1913) line with 5 winners), most recently 1992 Phoenix Stakes winner British Banker.[24]
  • the Byerley Turk (1680c) sire line[25][26][27] produced 25 winners (18 colts, 2 geldings, 5 fillies).[28] The main branches of this sire (all branched through the Herod (1758) line) are:
  • the Godolphin Arabian (1724c) sire line[53] produced 6 winners (5 colts, 1 filly). The main branches of this sire (all branched through the West Australian (1850) line) are:
Phoenix Stakes winners with male-line descendants including other Phoenix Stakes winners

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Phoenix Stakes Data". www.equibase.com. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  2. ^ It’s True (We Think): The Travers Stakes Has to Be the Oldest…Something
  3. ^ "Keeneland Debuts New Dirt Surface on Main Race Track". www.keeneland.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  4. ^ Novak, Claire. "No Denying A. P. Indian in Phoenix". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Sire Lines". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  6. ^ Planetarium Pedigree
  7. ^ "Sire Lines King Fergus". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  8. ^ "St. Simon Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  9. ^ Whitmore Pedigree
  10. ^ "Pot8os Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Birdcatcher Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Stockwell Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Bend Or Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Phalaris Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  15. ^ "Nearco Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  16. ^ Stoll Keenon
  17. ^ Diamond Oops Pedigree
  18. ^ Special Reserve Pedigree
  19. ^ "Camel Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Himyar's Other Line". cs.bloodhorse.com. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  21. ^ Bumpy Road Pedigree
  22. ^ a b c Chant Pedigree
  23. ^ Eight Again Pedigree
  24. ^ British Banker Pedigree
  25. ^ "Thoroughbred Bloodlines Sire Lines Byerley Turk". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  26. ^ "Thoroughbred Bloodlines Sire Lines Byerley Turk King Herod". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  27. ^ "Thoroughbred Bloodlines Sire Lines Byerley Turk King Herod Buzzard Selim". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  28. ^ a b Phoenix Stakes Winners
  29. ^ Minstrel
  30. ^ Zenith
  31. ^ Berthune
  32. ^ Charley Ball
  33. ^ McDonough
  34. ^ Mary Brennan
  35. ^ Lexington
  36. ^ Gold Ring
  37. ^ a b Norway
  38. ^ a b Crossland
  39. ^ a b Mollie Cad
  40. ^ a b Artist
  41. ^ Aaron Pennington
  42. ^ a b Brademante
  43. ^ a b Sligo
  44. ^ Kingman
  45. ^ Bay Phantom
  46. ^ Paderoso
  47. ^ Harry N Bill
  48. ^ Star Davis
  49. ^ Vagrant
  50. ^ Halma
  51. ^ Countless
  52. ^ Grover Hughes
  53. ^ "Matchem Sire Line". www.bloodlines.net.
  54. ^ Flora Fina Pedigree
  55. ^ Marconi Pedigree
  56. ^ Phoenix Belle Pedigree
  57. ^ Shelter Half Pedigree
  58. ^ Diapason Pedigree
  59. ^ Carload Pedigree
  60. ^ Embroidery Pedigree
  61. ^ Almadel Pedigree
  62. ^ Luxembourg Pedigree
  63. ^ Preeminent Pedigree
  64. ^ Pet Bully Pedigree
  65. ^ Choker Pedigree
  66. ^ Great Mystery Pedigree
  67. ^ Honey Jay Pedigree
  68. ^ Lord Raglan Pedigree
  69. ^ Ten Broeck Pedigree
  70. ^ Falsetto Pedigree
  71. ^ Gallant Bob Pedigree
  72. ^ Momsfurarri Pedigree

ReferencesEdit