Hyperion (18 April 1930 – 9 December 1960) was a British-bred Thoroughbred, a dual classic winner and an outstanding sire. Owned by Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby, Hyperion won GBP £29,509 during his racing career—a considerable sum at the time. His victories included the Epsom Derby and St Leger Stakes. He was the most successful British-bred sire of the 20th century and the champion sire in Great Britain six times between 1940 and 1954.[1]

Foaled(1930-04-18)18 April 1930
Died9 December 1960(1960-12-09) (aged 30)
CountryGreat Britain
BreederEdward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby
OwnerEdward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby
TrainerGeorge Lambton
Record13: 9–1–2
Major wins
New Stakes (1932)
Dewhurst Stakes (1932)
Prince of Wales's Stakes (1933)
Chester Vase (1933)
Epsom Derby (1933)
St Leger Stakes (1933)
Leading Sire in GB & Ireland
(1940, 1941, 1942, 1945, 1946, 1954)
Leading Broodmare Sire in Britain & Ireland
(1948, 1957, 1967, 1968)
Last updated on 1 September 2022

Hyperion was by the good sire Gainsborough, who was one of three wartime Triple Crown winners in Great Britain. His dam, Selene, was by Chaucer, a talented son of the undefeated St. Simon. Selene was also the dam of such good sires such as Sickle (GB) (sireline ancestor of Native Dancer and Sea Bird), Pharamond (US), and Hunter's Moon (GB). Hyperion was inbred in the third and fourth generation to St. Simon, and was trained by George Lambton at Newmarket. Hyperion, who stood just 15.1 hands high, was one of the smallest horses to ever win a British Classic, but had a good action and a beautiful temperament.

Racing career Edit

Hyperion was a good two-year-old sire winning the New Stakes at Ascot and the Dewhurst Stakes plus a dead-heat in the Prince of Wales Stakes from five starts in 1932.He was undefeated in four starts, winning the Chester Vase, the Epsom Derby, the Prince of Wales Stakes and the St Leger Stakes.

He raced four times at the age of four years, winning two races, the March Stakes (ten furlongs) and the Burwell Stakes (showcase handicap), both contested at Newmarket. In his main race, the Ascot Gold Cup, he was third to Felicitation and Thor. The two and a half miles indicated that he was not a true stayer. In the Dullingham Stakes at Newmarket, only two horses started where the three-year-old, Caithness, carrying 8 st. 1 lb. defeated Hyperion carrying 10 st. 2 lb. by a short head.

Stud record Edit

He was retired to stud when he was five years old and became a phenomenal success.

An important stallion, he sired the winners of 752 races, including 53 stakes winners that had 84 stakes wins, and was the leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland for six times, counting amongst his progeny:[2]

Hyperion's daughters foaled the winners of 1,196 races and GBP £1,131,346. He was also the damsire of Nearctic, who in turn sired Northern Dancer, the 20th century's greatest sire. He is also the damsire of Citation, one of the greatest American champions.

In Australia and New Zealand, Hyperion's descendants have exerted a profound influence on the racing and breeding industry. This influence was introduced via Hyperion's foreign based sons and also by his imported sons, Empyrean [(GB) H, 1944], Helios [(GB) H, 1937], High Peak [(GB) H, 1942], Red Mars [(GB) H, 1941], and Ruthless [(GB) H, 1941], as well as paternal grandsons such as "Star King" (by Stardust (GB) H, 1937) later known as the outstanding sire, Star Kingdom.

Lord Derby commissioned equine artist Martin Stainforth to paint a portrait of Hyperion.

A lifesize statue modelled by John Skeaping in bronze of Hyperion stands at the front of the Jockey Club headquarters on Newmarket High Street. From 2009, his skeleton has been exhibited at the National Horseracing Museum (also in Newmarket), lent by the Animal Health Trust to replace the skeleton of Eclipse.[citation needed]

When Hyperion died, Lord Derby and associates toasted him from a bottle of cognac that had been opened in honor of Winston Churchill, and drank to "The two greatest Grand Old Men of our time."[1]

Pedigree Edit

Pedigree of Hyperion (GB), chestnut stallion, 1930
Bay 1915
Bay 1906
Bay Ronald Hampton
Black Duchess
Galicia Galopin
Br. 1907
St. Frusquin St. Simon
Rosaline Trenton (NZ)
Bay 1919
Brown 1900
St.Simon Galopin
Canterbury Pilgrim Tristan
Bay 1913
Minoru Cyllene
Mother Siegel
Gondolette Loved One
Donogola (Family No. 6)

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b Randall, John (23 August 1999). "John Randall on the 100 makers of 20th-century racing (Part 4)". The Racing Post. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
  2. ^ "Hyperion - SW progeny". Australian Stud Book. Australian Turf Club Limited and Victoria Racing Club Limited. Retrieved 31 August 2011.

External links Edit