Sir Archy (or Archy, Archie, or Sir Archie;[1] 1805–1833) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse considered one of the best racehorses of his time and later one of the most important sires in American history. He was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in the inaugural class of 1955.

Sir Archy
Engraving of Sir Archy from Frank Forester's Horse and Horsemanship of the United States vol. 1, published 1857
SireDiomed GB
GrandsireFlorizel GB
DamCastianira GB
DamsireRockingham GB
CountryUnited States (Virginia)
ColourDark Bay
BreederCapt. Archibald Randolph
Col. John Tayloe III
OwnerRalph Wormely VI

Col. William R. Johnson at 3
Gen. William R. Davie,

William Amis at stud at Mowfield Plantation
TrainerThomas Larkin
Arthur Taylor
Record21 Starts: 18–2–1
Major wins
Post Stakes (1809)
Jockey Club Purse, Fairfield (1809)
Jockey Club Purse, Petersburg (1809)
Match race with the splendid four-miler, Blank (1809)
U.S. Racing Hall of Fame (1955)
Last updated on December 19, 2007

Early life edit

Born and bred in Virginia by two Americans, Capt. Archibald Randolph and Col. John Tayloe III,[2] Sir Archy's sire was the inaugural Epsom Derby winner Diomed, who had been imported from England as an older horse by Tayloe.[3] His dam, a blind mare named Castianira, had been purchased in England by Tayloe for his own Mount Airy Farm, but was bred on shares with his friend Randolph.[4] Sir Archy, Castianira's second foal, was born on Randolph's Ben Lomond Plantation on the James River in Goochland County. The colt, dark bay with a small patch of white on his right hind pastern, was originally named "Robert Burns"; Tayloe changed the colt's name in honor of Randolph.[4]

On the track edit

When Sir Archy was two, Tayloe and Randolph sold him to Ralph Wormely IV[2] for $400 and an unknown filly. When Wormely later decided to quit horse racing Sir Archy was offered for sale, but there were no takers. Still owned by Wormely, Sir Archy made his first start in the Washington Jockey Club Sweepstakes late in his three-year-old season. At this point, he already stood 16 hands (64 inches, 163 cm) high. Though Sir Archy had not yet recovered from a case of strangles, Wormely ran him rather than pay a forfeit fee. Still unwell, Sir Archy made his second start a month later at the Fairfield Sweepstakes in Richmond, Virginia. Though he won only the third heat and finished third overall to Col. William Ransom Johnson's colt True Blue,[4] Johnson promptly bought Sir Archy for $1,500.[2]

Now in the hands of Johnson's trainer, Arthur Taylor, Sir Archy became one of the greatest runners of his day, excelling in four-mile heats.[4] Johnson wrote, "I have only to say that, in my opinion, Sir Archy is the best horse I ever saw, and I well know that I never had any thing to do with one that was at all his equal; and this I will back; for, if any horse in the world, will run against him at any half way ground, four mile heats, according to the rules of racing, you may consider me $5000 with you on him. He was in good condition this fall, (1809) and has not run with any horse that could put him to half speed towards the end of the race."[5]

One of his most important matches was with Blank, in which Sir Archy won the first heat in 7:53 – the fastest time ever run to that point south of the James River. Following that race, he was purchased for $5,000 by General William Richardson Davie, the governor of North Carolina. Davie retired the horse to stud because there were no opponents willing to race against him.[2] His record on the racetrack was 7 starts, with 4 wins and 1 second.[6]

At stud edit

Sir Archy by Diomed out of Castianira by Alvan Fisher, ca. w/ caretaker Hardy. 1823-25. In the collection of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

Sir Archy then became what most experts consider to be the first great Thoroughbred stallion bred in America.[7] He went to stud, at first under Davie, then under Davie's son, who appears to have stood the stallion in Virginia for a couple of years. Then William Amis bought Sir Archy, and stood the horse for 25 or his 28 years at his plantation, Mowfield, near the Roanoke River in Northampton County, North Carolina.[2] Even at the advanced age of 24, Sir Archy's stud fee was $100. Amis' son estimated that during the years he stood at Mowfield, Sir Archy earned $76,000 in stud fees.[4]

The stallion became known as the Godolphin Arabian of America,[6] meaning that his influence on the American Thoroughbred was as important as the Godolphin Arabian's influence on European breeding. Like the "Blind Hero of Woodburn", Lexington — who was his great–grandson — Sir Archy became one of America's greatest foundation sires.[5] Throughout the 1820s, the fastest horses in America were descendants of Sir Archy.[6]

In 1827, the Washington DC Jockey Club and the Maryland Jockey Club announced that only a limited number of horses were eligible to run in their races. Although the fine points of the announcement were complex, it effectively barred all horses sired by Sir Archy; his offspring were so successful that few, if any, horses not sired by Sir Archy bothered to race. Both Jockey Clubs admitted they were concerned about their long-term viability.[4]

Sir Archy's progeny edit

Turf historian John Hervey wrote: "Before nor since, nothing has been known in America to equal the manner in which the Archys dominated both turf and stud for over half a century, beginning with the debut of his first crop of foals, in 1814 and culminating with the last of the sixteen seasons of premiership of his inbred great-grandson Lexington in 1878."[8]

As sire edit

Siring at least 31 racing champions, and influencing the American Quarter Horse through his son Copperbottom, the following is a list of some of his most notable offspring:

  • Timoleon (foaled 1814; considered the best racehorse of his day, sire of Boston)
  • Bertrand (foaled 1826; Some call him Sir Archy's best; became a national leading sire in his own right)
  • Sir Charles (foaled 1816; national leading sire in 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833 and 1836)
  • Sumpter (foaled 1818; won eight consecutive races when races were grueling heats. Became a broodmare sire of great note)
  • Stockholder (foaled 1819; most popular sire in Tennessee at the time. His daughters were extremely successful producers)
  • Lady Lightfoot (foaled 1812; records are incomplete but she may have won 30 – 40 races, racing through age 11. In her first try, she ran the fastest heats in Maryland up to that time. As a broodmare, she produced eight foals in nine years. One, Black Maria, was considered better than her dam)
  • Reality (foaled 1813; a filly rated at least as good as Sir Archy or Boston by William R. Johnson. He owned all three at various times)
  • Henry (foaled 1819; a very good racehorse, a popular sire, and the only horse to ever defeat American Eclipse)
  • Sally Hope (foaled 1822; won 22 of her 27 races, the last 18 in succession)
  • Flirtilla (foaled 1828; influential carrier of Sir Archy's blood)

As grandsire and beyond edit

Into the second generation, Sir Archy's influence became even more pronounced. This was partly because inbreeding to Sir Archy and to his sire, Diomed, became quite fashionable among American breeders. In Sir Archy's case, he was bred back to his daughters and his sire's daughters. This kind of inbreeding, ordinarily risky, was successful for the Sir Archy-Diomed line.

  • Bonnets o' Blue (by Sir Charles out of Reality; dam of Fashion)
  • Boston, sired by Timoleon
  • Lexington, sired by Boston, who was sired by Timoleon

Retirement edit

At the age of 26 Sir Archy ended his stud career in 1831, living for two more years until his death in 1833[4] on June 7. Coincidentally, this was the same day that one of his greatest sons (Sir Charles) also died.[7]

Sir Archy was one of the first few horses inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1955.[6]

Sir Archy's burial location is disputed between two locations:[9]

  • Claimed site one: Sir Archy is buried, along with his groom and canine companion, at Ben Lomond Farm in Goochland, Virginia where he was born. A historical marker, erected by the Goochland County (Virginia) Historical Society in 1972, marks his grave. The grave is surrounded by a stone wall and is now hidden by trees in the southeast corner of a field at the top of the farm acreage.
  • Claimed site two: Sir Archy is buried at the Mowfield Plantation in Northampton County North Carolina, just west of the town of Jackson. He resided there from 1818 until his death in 1833. His exact location of burial is unknown. The original plantation house still stands. However, when it was renovated, the property owners preferred to live in the house, and updated the interior for modern convenience.

Sire line tree edit

Sir Archy descendants (click to expand)
  • Sir Archy[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
    • Cicero
    • Sir Arthur
    • Director
      • Aratus
        • John Henry
    • Grey Archy
    • Spring Hill
    • Tecumseh
    • Young Sir Archy
    • Columbus
    • Reap Hook
    • Warbler
    • Walk-In-The-Water
    • Timoleon[18]
    • Lawrence
    • Carolinian
    • Contention
    • Kosciusko
      • Pulaski
      • Clermont
        • Minor
      • Woodford
      • Romulus
      • Greybeard
    • Napoleon
    • Sir Solomon[15]
    • Virginian
    • Rattler
      • Marylander
    • Sir Charles[42]
      • Collier
      • Andrew
        • Count Zaldivar
      • Frank
        • Jim Bell
      • Wagner[43]
        • Oliver
        • Voucher
          • Whale
          • Rupee
          • Restless
        • Monte
        • Cary Bell
        • Ashland
        • Charley Ball
        • Wagner Joe
        • Jack Gamble
          • Jack Gamble Jr
        • Red Jacket
        • Starke
          • Wissehrad
        • Endorser
          • Excel
        • Joe Stoner
        • Neil Robinson
        • Rynodyne
          • Blarneystone
    • Sir William
    • Childers
    • Roanoke
      • Grey Beard
        • Santa Anna
      • John Hancock
    • Muckle John[15][44]
    • Sumpter
      • Almanzor
      • Brunswick
    • Henry
      • Robin Hood
      • Gerow
    • John Richards
      • Corsica
    • Stockholder
      • Pumpkin Boy
        • Tempest
          • Bob Perkins
    • Arab
    • Bertrand[45][46]
      • McDonough
      • Richard Singleton
      • Woodpecker
      • Bertrand Jr
        • Hero
          • Jeff Davis
      • John Bascombe
      • Gauglion Gangle
    • Cherokee
      • Whalebone
        • Arnold Harris
    • Marion
      • Cymon
      • John Blount
    • Phoenomenon
    • Sir Richard
    • Sir William of Transport
      • Sir Leslie
        • Celestian
        • Gazan
          • Monarch
      • Plato
    • Janus
    • Rinaldo
    • Robin Adair
    • Gohanna
    • Occupant
      • Waxy
    • Pacific[48]
      • Chesterfield
      • Epsilon
        • Castor
        • Bill Alexander
        • Memnon
    • Saxe Weimer
    • Crusader
    • Pirate
    • Sir Archy Montorio
      • Rodolph
    • Giles Scroggins
    • Industry
      • Goldboy
    • Merlin
    • Red Gauntlet
    • Tariff
    • Hyazim
    • Wild Bill
      • Gandor
    • Copperbottom[49][50][15]
      • Rock
        • Rocket
          • Buck
    • Longwaist
    • Zinganee
      • George Martin

Pedigree edit

Pedigree of Sir Archy, bay stallion, 1805[8][51]
Herod* Tartar
Cygnet Mare Cygnet
Young Cartouch Mare
Sister to Juno
Spectator Crab
Partner Mare
Horatia Blank
Sister One to Steady
Highflyer Herod*
Purity Matchem
Pratt's Old Mare
Trentham Gowers Sweepstakes
Miss South
Bosphorus Mare Bosphorus
Forester Mare (family: 13)

* Sir Archy is inbred 3S x 4D to the stallion Herod, meaning that he appears third generation on the sire side of his pedigree and fourth generation on the dam side of his pedigree.

References edit

  1. ^ Robertson, William H. P. (1964). The History of Thoroughbred Racing in America. New York: Bonanza Books. p. 39. LCCN 64-17364.
  2. ^ a b c d e Wall, John F. (1949). Famous Running Horses: Their Forebears and Descendants (Kessinger Publishing reprint ed.). Washington, D. C.: Sportsmen's Press. pp. 114–115. ISBN 1-4325-9386-2.
  3. ^ Robertson, William H. P. (1964). The History of Thoroughbred Racing in America. New York: Bonanza Books. p. 37. LCCN 64-17364.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Robertson, William H. P. (1964). The History of Thoroughbred Racing in America. New York: Bonanza Books. pp. 47–49. LCCN 64-17364.
  5. ^ a b "Memoir of Sir Archy/Archie, the Godolphin Arabian of America — Antebellum Turf Times". Antebellum Turf Times. October 14, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d "Hall of Fame, Thoroughbred Race Horses". National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  7. ^ a b Peters, Anne. "Sir Archy". Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Sir Archy". Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  9. ^ "Sir Archie". Goochland History. July 14, 2012. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  10. ^ Byerley Turk Line
  11. ^ Herod Sire Line
  12. ^ Portraits: Sir Archy
  13. ^ Biography: Sir Archy
  14. ^ Hall of Fame: Sir Archy
  15. ^ a b c d e f The Bloodlines Chart
  16. ^ Virginia Horse: Sir Archy
  17. ^ Memoir of Sir Archy/Archie, the Godolphin Arabian of America
  18. ^ Biography: Timoleon
  19. ^ Steel Dust Pedigree
  20. ^ Portraits: Boston
  21. ^ Biography: Boston
  22. ^ Hall of Fame: Boston
  23. ^ Biography: Lecomte
  24. ^ Lecomte: The short life but long legacy of a Louisiana racing hero
  25. ^ Portraits: Lexington
  26. ^ Biography: Lexington
  27. ^ Hall of Fame: Lexington
  28. ^ American Classic Pedigree: Lexington
  29. ^ Biography: War Dance
  30. ^ American Classic Pedigrees: War Dance
  31. ^ Studbook: Early A
  32. ^ Grant the Equestrian
  33. ^ Hall of Fame: Kentucky
  34. ^ Early Studbook: IJK
  35. ^ Portraits: Norfolk
  36. ^ Hall of Fame: Preakness
  37. ^ Hall of Fame: Harry Bassett
  38. ^ Hall of Fame: Tom Bowling
  39. ^ Hall of Fame: Tom Ochiltree
  40. ^ Hall of Fame: Duke of Magenta
  41. ^ When General Custer met Don Juan: A tale of two horses
  42. ^ Portraits: Sir Charles
  43. ^ Studbook: Early W
  44. ^ a b Shiloh Pedigree
  45. ^ Portraits: Bertrand
  46. ^ Studbook: Early B
  47. ^ Pedigree Analysis: Grey Eagle
  48. ^ Studbook: Early P
  49. ^ "Copperbottom" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 26, 2019. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  50. ^ "Lost Bloodline". Archived from the original on October 28, 2019. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  51. ^ "Sir Archy Horse Pedigree". Retrieved November 12, 2016.

Further reading edit

External links edit