The Phetchabun mountains (Thai: ทิวเขาเพชรบูรณ์, rtgs: Thio Khao Phetchabun, pronounced [tʰīw kʰǎw pʰét.t͡ɕʰā.būːn]) are a mountain massif in Phetchabun, Phitsanulok, Loei and Chaiyaphum Provinces, Thailand. It consists of two parallel mountain chains, with the valley of the Pa Sak River in the middle.
View over the Phu Hin Rong Kla area
|Peak||Phu Thap Buek|
|Elevation||1,794 m (5,886 ft)|
|Length||190 km (120 mi) N/S|
|Width||110 km (68 mi) E/W|
Physical map of Isan
|States/Provinces||Phetchabun Province, Phitsanulok Province, Loei Province and Chaiyaphum Province|
|Parent range||Luang Prabang Mountains (western section)|
|Borders on||Luang Prabang Range and Dong Phaya Yen Range|
|Type of rock||Sandstone and granite|
The strange rock formations of Phu Hin Rong Kla and fields where the Siam tulip flower (Curcuma alismatifolia), known as dok krachiao (ดอกกระเจียว) in Thai, grows wild are some of the characteristics of the Phetchabun Mountains.
The mountain system as a whole is named after the city of Phetchabun which lies within the mountainous area. To the south and southeast lie the Dong Phaya Yen Mountains. Both sections of the Phetchabun massif are parallel and of a similar length, extending in a roughly north-south direction. The western range is a prolongation of the southern end of the Luang Prabang Range. The eastern range separates the broad Chao Phraya river basin of central Thailand from the Khorat Plateau of Isan. The northward-flowing Loei River, a tributary of the Mekong, has its sources in the eastern range.
The southern limit of the Phetchabun massif is not clearly defined, roughly beginning south of the 16th parallel north where both ranges become a group of scattered mountains of lesser height, rarely surpassing 800 m, extending southwards. The eastern mountain chain is mentioned as the Phang Hoei Range in some geographical works, a name that encompasses the whole northern section of the Dong Phaya Yen mountain system, for Khao Phang Hoei is a 1,008 m high summit west of Chaiyaphum town, beyond the southern end of the Phetchabun Range proper in the northern Dong Phaya Yen.
During the period between 1968-1982 the area around 1,143 m high Khao Kho (เขาค้อ) and Phu Hin Rong Kla became an occasional battleground. At that time insurgents of the Communist Party of Thailand established their base in hidden mountain locations and fought skirmishes against the Thai Army.
Several protected areas, including national parks, forest parks and wildlife reserves are located in these mountains. In 2005 these were accepted by the UNESCO as a possible future addition to the World Heritage list. Besides these protected areas, some forest parks are also located within the area of the range:
- Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
- Namtok Chat Trakan National Park,
- Nam Nao National Park
- Phu Ruea National Park
- Phu Kradueng National Park
- Suan Hin Pha Ngam Park
- Phu Pha Man National Park
- Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Thung Salaeng Luang National Park
- Tat Mok National Park, located at the boundary of the Phetchabun mountain range with the Dong Phaya Yen Mountains.
- Media related to Phetchabun Mountains at Wikimedia Commons
- Thailand's National Parks - Royal Forest Department
- "Luang Prabang montane rain forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
- Phu Thap Buek - Cabbage farms