Chaiyaphum

Chaiyaphum (Thai: ชัยภูมิ, pronounced [t͡ɕʰāj.jā.pʰūːm]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in northeastern Thailand, capital of Chaiyaphum Province. As of 2015 it had a population of 58,350,[2] and covers the full tambon Nai Mueang of Mueang Chaiyaphum District. Chaiyaphum is 337 road kilometres northeast of Bangkok.

Chaiyaphum
ชัยภูมิ
Town
เทศบาลเมืองชัยภูมิ
Chaiyaphum Town Hall
Chaiyaphum Town Hall
Official seal of Chaiyaphum
Chaiyaphum is located in Thailand
Chaiyaphum
Chaiyaphum
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 15°48′20″N 102°01′52″E / 15.80556°N 102.03111°E / 15.80556; 102.03111
CountryThailand
ProvinceChaiyaphum
DistrictMueang Chaiyaphum
Government
 • MayorBanyong Kiatkongchuchai[1]
Area
 • Total30.78 km2 (11.88 sq mi)
Elevation
185 m (607 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total58,350
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area code(+66) 44
Websitechaiyaphummunicipality.com

As of the 2020s, the are wild elephants.[3]

GeographyEdit

Chaiyaphum lies on the Khorat plateau at 185 metres (607 ft) elevation. The land in the immediate vicinity of the city is flat, but the Phetchabun Mountains rise to the west.

ClimateEdit

Chaiyaphum has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is very hot with the average daily maximum at 36.4 °C (97.5 °F). The monsoon season runs from late April through October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for Chaiyaphum (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.4
(101.1)
39.5
(103.1)
41.5
(106.7)
42.6
(108.7)
41.1
(106.0)
38.5
(101.3)
37.6
(99.7)
37.2
(99.0)
35.7
(96.3)
33.5
(92.3)
37.1
(98.8)
35.8
(96.4)
42.6
(108.7)
Average high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
33.7
(92.7)
35.7
(96.3)
36.4
(97.5)
34.6
(94.3)
33.5
(92.3)
32.9
(91.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
31.6
(88.9)
30.9
(87.6)
29.9
(85.8)
32.9
(91.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
26.7
(80.1)
28.8
(83.8)
30.0
(86.0)
28.9
(84.0)
28.5
(83.3)
28.0
(82.4)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27.0
(80.6)
25.6
(78.1)
23.8
(74.8)
27.2
(81.0)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
20.9
(69.6)
23.1
(73.6)
24.9
(76.8)
25.0
(77.0)
24.9
(76.8)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.4
(74.1)
21.2
(70.2)
18.5
(65.3)
22.8
(73.0)
Record low °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
11.9
(53.4)
13.1
(55.6)
19.8
(67.6)
21.4
(70.5)
21.9
(71.4)
21.3
(70.3)
21.4
(70.5)
21.0
(69.8)
14.6
(58.3)
13.0
(55.4)
6.8
(44.2)
6.8
(44.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.5
(0.18)
14.3
(0.56)
51.3
(2.02)
92.6
(3.65)
140.2
(5.52)
137.6
(5.42)
110.4
(4.35)
196.2
(7.72)
230.0
(9.06)
137.0
(5.39)
19.0
(0.75)
4.1
(0.16)
1,137.2
(44.77)
Average rainy days 0.9 2.1 4.8 7.5 13.7 13.0 13.5 15.5 17.8 10.4 2.7 0.7 102.6
Average relative humidity (%) 61 60 59 64 74 75 76 79 81 76 67 63 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0 245.8 275.9 240.0 195.3 153.0 120.9 117.8 144.0 198.4 252.0 260.4 2,482.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.0 8.7 8.9 8.0 6.3 5.1 3.9 3.8 4.8 6.4 8.4 8.4 6.8
Source 1: Thai Meteorological Department[4]
Source 2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[5]

TransportationEdit

Route 201 begins in Chum Phae, and runs past Chaiyaphum (without actually entering the town) to Mittraphap near Sikhio. Route 202 leads east to Yasothon, Amnat Charoen, and the border with Laos at Khemarat. Route 225 leads west to Nakhon Sawan.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "List of Mayors - municipal officials". Chaiyaphum Municipality. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Where is Chaiyaphum, Thailand?". WorldAtlas. Archived from the original on 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
  3. ^ "Sanctuary worker stomped to death by wild elephants". Bangkok Post.
  4. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 11. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  5. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 53. Retrieved 1 August 2016.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 15°48′20″N 102°01′52″E / 15.80556°N 102.03111°E / 15.80556; 102.03111