Petrovsky District, Tambov Oblast

Petrovsky District (Russian: Петро́вский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[5] district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,779 square kilometers (687 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Petrovskoye.[1] Population: 19,074 (2010 Census);[3] 23,374 (2002 Census);[7] 28,190 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Petrovskoye accounts for 29.9% of the district's total population.[3]

Petrovsky District

Петровский район
Peskovatka Village
Peskovatka Village
Flag of Petrovsky District
Flag
Coat of arms of Petrovsky District
Coat of arms
Location of Petrovsky District in Tambov Oblast
Coordinates: 52°38′00″N 40°15′43″E / 52.63333°N 40.26194°E / 52.63333; 40.26194Coordinates: 52°38′00″N 40°15′43″E / 52.63333°N 40.26194°E / 52.63333; 40.26194
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTambov Oblast[1]
Administrative centerPetrovskoye[1]
Area
 • Total1,779 km2 (687 sq mi)
Population
 • Total19,074
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
16,656 (−12.7%)
 • Density11/km2 (28/sq mi)
 • Urban
0%
 • Rural
100%
Administrative structure
 • Administrative divisions12 Selsoviets
 • Inhabited localities[1]114 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asPetrovsky Municipal District[5]
 • Municipal divisions[5]0 Urban settlements, 12 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
OKTMO ID68624000
Websitehttp://r44.tambov.gov.ru/

GeographyEdit

Petrovsky District is on the western border of Tambov Oblast, with Lipetsk Oblast to its west. It is about 50 km west of the city of Tambov, and 100 km north of Voronezh. Through the district runs the Matyra River, a tributary of the Voronezh River, and part of the Don River basin. The terrain is flat and gently rolling steppe.[9] The black soil of the district supports agriculture, and there are deposits of limestone and other minerals in the area.

The district is about 60 km long and 30 km wide. The administrative center of the district is the city of Petrovskoye. The Lipetsk-Tambov highway runs across the middle of the district. Subdivisions of the district include 12 rural settlements.[9]

As of January, 2016, the three largest towns are Petrovsky (pop. 8,485), Vochovsky (pop. 1,580), and Shemansky (pop. 1,139).[10] To the north, the area is bordered by Michurinsky District, in the east by Nikiforovsky District, in the south by Mordovsky District, and in the west by Gryazinsky District of Lipetsk Oblast.

ClimateEdit

Average January temperature is −10.5 °C (13.1 °F), and average July temperature is 20 °C (68 °F). Annual precipitation is 450–500 millimeters (18–20 in).[9] The climate is Humid continental climate, cool summer, (Dfb). This climate is characterized by large swings in temperature, both diurnally and seasonally, with mild summers and cold, snowy winters.

The risk of drought is 20-40%; a severe drought occurs every 10–12 years. Because the Tambov Plain is essentially in a trough between the Central Uplands and the Volga Uplands, cold Arctic air can penetrate further south than in other areas. Frost is possible from October through May.[11]

HistoryEdit

The area was settled by Slavs at least as early as the 11th century in the village Yablovontsky. The central village of Petrovsky was founded in the late 18th century. In 1868, the South East Railway was laid through the district, on which the Izberdey train station was built. During WWII, Petrovsky District sent 25,000 soldiers to the front. According to the district's website, more than half did not return. The farmers of the district raised funds for a tank column.[12]

The village of Znamenka was the home of six generations of the Rachmaninoff family. Sergei Rachmaninoff first visited in 1868, and the village has a satellite museum sponsored by the main museum at his 1890-1917 summer home at Ivanovka estate farther east near Tambov.

Alexander Lodygin, one of the inventors of the incandescent light bulb, was from the village of Stenshino, in the district.

AgricultureEdit

Petrovsky is a grain-growing district - primarily wheat, sunflower and barley.[13] Approximately 110,700 hectares (62%) of the total area of the district is in cultivation for crops. Orchards (apples and pears) and berry fields make up about 1% (1,190 hectares). In 2014, the top seven crops by area were:

Crop Cultivated Area (ha) % of Culitvated Area
Winter wheat 31,915 29
Sunflower grain 28,714 26
Barley summer 26,618 24
Spring wheat 5,350 5
Corn for grain 4,989 5
Sugar beet (factory) 3,594 3
Soybean 2,844 3
 
Street scene in Petrovskoye

TransportationEdit

The Michurinsk-Gryazi line of the South Easter Railway crosses Petrovsky District through the town of Petrovsky, with stations 'Peskovatka' and 'Izberdey'. Detailed route map of South East Railway (in Russian) A major highway from Lipetsk to Tambov runs west-east across the middle of the district.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #72-Z
  2. ^ a b "About the Area - Petrovsky District (Official Web Site)" (in Russian). Petrovsky District. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #232-Z
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ a b c "About the region". Petrovsky District (Official website). Petrovsky District. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  10. ^ "Population of Municipalities in Tambov Region, January 1, 2016" (PDF) (in Russian). TERRITORIAL AUTHORITY OF THE FEDERAL SERVICE STATE STATISTICS for Tambov Region. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 16, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  11. ^ "Climate of Tambov Region" (in Russian). Trasa Travel. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  12. ^ "Petrovsky District (official website). Tour #1: Tambov to Petrovsky" (in Russian). Petrovsky District. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  13. ^ "Descriptive Statistics - Petrovsky District (Scroll down for agricultural statistics)" (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service, Russian Federation. Retrieved July 16, 2016.

SourcesEdit

  • Тамбовская областная Дума. Закон №72-З от 21 июня 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тамбовской области», в ред. Закона №544-З от 11 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 7 Закона Тамбовской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тамбовской области"». Опубликован: "Тамбовская жизнь", №131, 1996 г. (Tambov Oblast Duma. Law #72-Z of June 21, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tambov Oblast, as amended by the Law #544-Z of June 11, 2015 On Amending Article 7 of the Law of Tambov Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tambov Oblast". ).
  • Тамбовская областная Дума. Закон №232-З от 17 сентября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и определении места нахождения представительных органов муниципальных образований в Тамбовской области», в ред. Закона №606-З от 7 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тамбовской области "Об установлении границ и определении места нахождения представительных органов муниципальных образований в Тамбовской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тамбовская жизнь", №185 (23125). (Tambov Oblast Duma. Law #232-Z of September 17, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and Determining the Location of the Representative Organs of the Municipal Formations of Tambov Oblast, as amended by the Law #606-Z of December 7, 2015 On Amending the Law of Tambov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and Determining the Location of the Representative Organs of the Municipal Formations of Tambov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External linksEdit