Nikiforovsky District

Nikiforovsky District (Russian: Ники́форовский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[6] district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west and northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,191.4 square kilometers (460.0 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Dmitriyevka.[1] Population: 20,066 (2010 Census);[3] 22,970 (2002 Census);[8] 26,181 (1989 Census).[9] The population of the administrative center accounts for 42.0% of the district's total population.[3]

Nikiforovsky District

Никифоровский район
Entrance to Nikiforovsky District
Entrance to Nikiforovsky District
Flag of Nikiforovsky District
Flag
Coat of arms of Nikiforovsky District
Coat of arms
Location of Nikiforovsky District in Tambov Oblast
Coordinates: 52°53′04″N 40°47′22″E / 52.88444°N 40.78944°E / 52.88444; 40.78944Coordinates: 52°53′04″N 40°47′22″E / 52.88444°N 40.78944°E / 52.88444; 40.78944
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTambov Oblast[1]
Established1928Edit this on Wikidata
Administrative centerDmitriyevka[1]
Area
 • Total1,191.4 km2 (460.0 sq mi)
Population
 • Total20,066
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
17,117 (−14.7%)
 • Density17/km2 (44/sq mi)
 • Urban
42.0%
 • Rural
58.0%
Administrative structure
 • Administrative divisions1 Settlement councils, 5 Selsoviets
 • Inhabited localities[1]1 Urban-type settlements[5], 56 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asNikiforovsky Municipal District[6]
 • Municipal divisions[6]1 Urban settlements, 5 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
OKTMO ID68620000
Websitehttp://r36.tambov.gov.ru/

GeographyEdit

Nikiforovsky District is in the north-central region of Tambov Oblast, about 40 km west of the city of Tambov, and 15 km east of Michurinsk. The Bolshoy Voronezh River runs from north-to-south through the district. The river is a tributary of the Voronezh River, and part of the Don River basin. The terrain is flat with draws and ravines, with steppe and forest-steppe vegetation.[10] The black soil of the district supports agriculture, and there are deposits of limestone and other minerals in the area.

The district is elongated in shape, measuring about 110 km north-south and 25 km west-east. The administrative center of the district is the city of Demitriyevka. The Lipetsk-Tambov highway runs across the middle of the district, as does the Moscow-Volgograd (E119) highway. Subdivisions of the district include one urban and 5 rural settlements.[10] In the east-center of the district is the Ozero Yaroslavlskoye, a large reservoir.

As of January, 2016, the three largest towns are Demitrievka (pop. 7,751), Ekaterinin (pop. 2,749), and Saburo-Pokrovskoye (pop. 2,748).[11] To the north, the area is bordered by Sosnovsky District, in the east by Tambovsky District, in the south by Petrovsky District, and in the west by Michurinsky District.

ClimateEdit

Average January temperature in Demitrievka is −10 °C (14 °F), and average July temperature is 20 °C (68 °F). Annual precipitation is 546 millimeters (21.5 in), and falls mostly in April through October.[12] The climate is Humid continental climate, cool summer, (Dfb). This climate is characterized by large swings in temperature, both diurnally and seasonally, with mild summers and cold, snowy winters.

HistoryEdit

As with much of the north Tambov region, significant settlement began in 1635, with the building of the Belgorod Line, and the expansion of the fort as Kozlov (now the town of Michurinsky, 20 km to the west) [13] The line of fortifications from Belgorod to Simbirsk ran through what is now the Nikiforovsky District, leaving many sites of archaeological and cultural significance.[14]

In 1869, the South East Railway laid tracks through the district, on which the Nikiforovko station was built.

During the Great Patriotic War, over 14,000 citizens of Nikiforovsky District were enlisted in the Red Army; 6,436 did not return.[14]

EconomyEdit

Employment in the district is focused on food processing, light industry, and agriculture.

AgricultureEdit

Nikiforovsky is an agricultural district, with farm revenues split about 65% crops and 35% livestock. The most important grains are wheat, barley and sunflower.[15] Approximately 70,336 hectares (60%) of the total area of the district is in cultivation for crops. In 2014, the top seven crops by area were:

Crop Cultivated Area (ha) % of Culitvated Area
Winter wheat 18,143 28
Summer Barley 15,150 23
Sunflower grain 13,548 21
Spring wheat 6,006 9
Soybeans 4,591 7
Sugar beet (factory) 3,772 6
Peas 2,756 4

TransportationEdit

The Michurinsk-Tambov line of the South Easter Railway crosses Nikiforovsky District through the town of Demitrievka, with the main station 'Nikiforovka', and other stations about every 20 km. Detailed route map of South East Railway (in Russian) An E119 highway, from the north to Tambov, runs west-east across the middle of the district.

CultureEdit

The Catherine Arboretum and experimental plant institute displays 230 species of trees and shrubs; it was founded in the 19th century by a local landlord, AA Ushakov.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #72-Z
  2. ^ a b "Descriptive Statistics - Nikiforovsky" (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service, Russian Federation. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  6. ^ a b c Law #232-Z
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ a b "About the region". Nikiforovsky District (Official website). Nikiforovsky District. Archived from the original on August 30, 2016. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  11. ^ "Population of Municipalities in Tambov Region, January 1, 2016" (PDF) (in Russian). TERRITORIAL AUTHORITY OF THE FEDERAL SERVICE STATE STATISTICS for Tambov Region. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 16, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  12. ^ "Climate: Demetrievka". Climate-Data.org. Climate-Date.org. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  13. ^ Davies, Brian (2004). State power and community in early modern Russia : the case of Kozlov, 1635-1649. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 72. OCLC 53162704.
  14. ^ a b "Nikiforovsky District - History". Nikiforovsky District (Official Website). Nikiforovsky District. Archived from the original on 30 August 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  15. ^ "Descriptive Statistics - Nikiforovsky District (Scroll down for agricultural statistics)" (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service, Russian Federation. Retrieved July 16, 2016.

SourcesEdit

  • Тамбовская областная Дума. Закон №72-З от 21 июня 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тамбовской области», в ред. Закона №544-З от 11 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 7 Закона Тамбовской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тамбовской области"». Опубликован: "Тамбовская жизнь", №131, 1996 г. (Tambov Oblast Duma. Law #72-Z of June 21, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tambov Oblast, as amended by the Law #544-Z of June 11, 2015 On Amending Article 7 of the Law of Tambov Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tambov Oblast". ).
  • Тамбовская областная Дума. Закон №232-З от 17 сентября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и определении места нахождения представительных органов муниципальных образований в Тамбовской области», в ред. Закона №606-З от 7 декабря 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тамбовской области "Об установлении границ и определении места нахождения представительных органов муниципальных образований в Тамбовской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тамбовская жизнь", №185 (23125). (Tambov Oblast Duma. Law #232-Z of September 17, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and Determining the Location of the Representative Organs of the Municipal Formations of Tambov Oblast, as amended by the Law #606-Z of December 7, 2015 On Amending the Law of Tambov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and Determining the Location of the Representative Organs of the Municipal Formations of Tambov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External linksEdit