South Eastern Railway (Russia)

The Yugo-Vostochnaya Railway (Юго-Восточная железная дорога; "Southeastern Railway") is a subsidiary of the Russian Railways headquartered in Voronezh. Despite its name, the network operates the railways in the southwest of Russia. Its area of operation comprises Voronezh, Belgorod, Kursk, Ryazan, Tambov, Lipetsk, and Penza regions.

The main office in Voronezh

The railway network originated in the late 19th century as the Moscow-Ryazan Railway Association, a private enterprise set up by two Baltic Germans, Paul von Derwies and Karl Otto Georg von Meck. The first line opened in 1866; it connects Ryazan and Michurinsk. It was extended toward Voronezh, Tsaritsyn, Saratov, and Rostov-on-Don in 1871. The Balashov-Kharkov line was completed in 1890. After the Russian Revolution, the Southeastern Railways were nationalized by the Bolsheviks.

In 1987 the line in Rostov Oblast from Chertkovo to Zverevo was transferred from the South Eastern Railway to the North Caucasus Railway, with the new connection between the two railways being just north of Chertkovo railway station.

The railway route length was 3,648 kilometres (2,267 mi) in 1991, which included 257 stations and 13 locomotive yards.

A 37-kilometre section of the rail line between Chertkovo and Gartmashevka in the Kantemirovsky District of Voronezh Oblast to the north passed through Ukraine's Luhansk Oblast, with Russian Railways leasing the rail infrastructure from a Ukrainian village council.[1] Construction of a bypass entirely within Russia, from Zhuravka in the Kantemirovsky District in the north to Millerovo (on the North Caucasus Railway) in the south, began in 2015. It became operational in August 2017. It has 122.5 km double-track, 25 kV 50 Hz, maximum speed of 160 km/h, cost 56 billion rubles.[2][3][4][5] On 11 December 2017, Russian Railways switched all long-distance trains to the new line to bypass Ukraine.[6][7] The South Eastern Railway now connects to the North Caucasus Railway just north of Sokhranovka in Chertkovsky District.

References edit

  1. ^ "Участок железной дороги в обход территории Украины" [Section of the railway bypassing the territory of Ukraine]. TASS (in Russian). 10 December 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2023.
  2. ^ Sukhankin, Sergey (July 25, 2017). "Zhuravka–Millerovo Rail Bypass: A Threat to Ukraine's National Security?". The Jamestown Foundation.
  3. ^ "Russia completes railway to bypass Ukraine". Railway Gazette International. 8 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Regular railway service bypassing Ukraine may start this year". TASS. 8 August 2017.
  5. ^ Daly, John C.K. (October 5, 2015). "Russia Forges Ahead With New Southern Rail Bypass of Ukraine". The Jamestown Foundation.
  6. ^ "Как повлияла на районы Ростовской области ж/д ветка в обход Украины" [How did the railway line bypassing Ukraine affect the regions of the Rostov region]. TASS (in Russian). 12 December 2017. Retrieved 2021-12-01.
  7. ^ "All Russian trains to bypass Ukraine starting Dec 11". UNIAN. 11 December 2017.

External links edit