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Petar Gračanin (Serbian Cyrillic: Петар Грачанин; 22 June 1923 – 27 July 2004) - was a Serbian military commander in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
|Born||22 June 1923|
Jagodina, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
|Died||27 July 2004 (aged 81)|
Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
|Allegiance||Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|
|Service/||Yugoslav People's Army|
Yugoslav Ground Forces (1999)
|Years of service||1941–1985 |
|Rank||Colonel General, JNA |
General of the Army, JA
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Order of National Hero of Yugoslavia|
|Other work||President of the Presidency of Serbia|
In July 1941 he joined the Yugoslav Partisans. After the formation of the 2nd Proletarian Brigade, in March 1942, at first he was a member and later the commander of a battalion. He was promoted to his first military rank in 1943. In April 1944 he was wounded and transferred to Italy. In 1945, he became Chief of Staff in OZNA for Morava administrative center. A year later in 1946 he became commander of a tank brigade, Chief of Staff, deputy commander of an armored division and Chief of Staff of School center armored-mechanic units.
He graduated at the military academy.
As Federal Secretary of the People's Defense, he was chief of the section, and chief of staff of the section for personal authority. In the 7th Army he was chief of staff and deputy commander. He was also chief of staff of the Command-headquarters academy (1974–1978), and later he was assigned as commander of the 1st Army. He was chosen as a member of the CP SKJ in 1978 and 1982. He was promoted to the rank of Major General in 1970, Lieutenant General in 1974, and Colonel General in 1978.
He was chief of the General Staff of Yugoslav People's Army from 5 May 1982 to 1 September 1985.
His active military service ended on 31 December 1985. After that he was in high state positions such as: President of Presidency of SR Serbia (1987–1989) and then Federal Secretary of the Interior (1989–1991).
During the Ten-Day War Gračanin was situated in a JNA air base near Ljubljana. After the JNA forces were ordered by the General Staff to withdraw from Slovenia, Gračanin flew back to Belgrade. Slobodan Milošević promoted him to the rank of reserve General of the Army of the FRY in 1999.
- Branka Magaš, Ivo Žanić, Noel Malcolm; The war in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1991-1995. Taylor & Francis, 2001. (p. 26)
| Chief of the General Staff of Yugoslav People's Army
5 May 1982 – 1 September 1985
| President of the Presidency of the Socialist Republic of Serbia
14 December 1987 – 20 March 1989
as President of Serbia