Pert L. Kelton (October 14, 1907 – October 30, 1968) was an American stage, movie, radio and television actress. She was the first actress who played Alice Kramden in The Honeymooners with Jackie Gleason and earlier, during the 1930s, was a prominent comedic supporting and leading actress in Hollywood films such as Bed of Roses and The Bowery. She performed in a dozen Broadway productions between 1925 and 1968. However, her career was interrupted in the 1950s as a result of blacklisting, leading to her departure from The Honeymooners.
Kelton in 1942
|Born||October 14, 1907|
Great Falls, Montana, U.S.
|Died||October 30, 1968 (aged 61)|
Ridgewood, New Jersey, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Ralph Bell (?–1968) 2 children|
Pert L. Kelton was born in 1907 in Great Falls, Montana. Her mother, Sue Kelton, was a native of Canada; her father, Edward Kelton, a native of California. Both of her parents were traveling song-and-dance performers in vaudeville; and her aunt, Jane Kelton, was also a professional actress in the late 1800s and early 1900s. In fact, it was her Aunt Jane who is credited with giving Pert her unusual name. According to Kelton family history, Jane suggested the name to Pert's mother while reminiscing about her career and describing her favorite theatrical role, that of the character "Pert Barlow" in a play called Checkers. Pert therefore, even from infancy, seemed destined to be an entertainer, and she quickly became one. In 1910, while accompanying her parents and sister on an overseas tour of shows, she debuted on stage at the age of three in Cape Town, South Africa. Upon her return to the United States with her family, Pert was enrolled in private schools for her early formal education and for extensive training in dance, voice, and drama. By age 12, after appearing for a while with her parents as "The Three Keltons", she began appearing as a solo act or "single" in vaudeville; and by age 17 she was performing on Broadway, initially as a cast member in Jerome Kern's 1925 musical comedy Sunny, starring Marilyn Miller.
Pert and her parents had moved to California to work in Hollywood films by the latter half of 1927. Her first credited movie role there was as the character Rosie in First National Pictures' 1929 release Sally, a production based on the Broadway hit by the same name. With regard to the Kelton family's living arrangements in this period, the federal census of 1930 documents that Pert was residing in Los Angeles at the "Warner-Kelton Hotel", later called the Hotel Brevoort (and Tropical Gardens) and sharing room 666. That same census identifies all three of the Keltons as employed actors in "motion pictures".
Pert was a young comedienne in A-list movies during the 1930s, often portraying the leading lady's wisecracking friend. She had a memorable turn in 1933 as dance hall singer "Trixie" in The Bowery alongside Wallace Beery, George Raft, Jackie Cooper, and Fay Wray. Directed by Raoul Walsh, the film is based on the story of Steve Brodie, the first man who reportedly jumped off the Brooklyn Bridge in 1886 and lived to brag about it. Kelton at one point in the film sings to a rowdy, appreciative crowd in an energetic dive, using a curious New York accent to good comedic effect, with Beery and Raft arguing afterwards over her attentions.
In Gregory LaCava's 1933 pre-Code comedy Bed of Roses, Kelton plays Minnie, a witty prostitute who is a partner in crime with Lorry, portrayed by Constance Bennett. The two women in the plot are fond of getting admiring men helplessly drunk before robbing them, at least until getting caught and tossed into jail. Kelton has all the best lines, surprisingly wicked and amusing observations that would never be allowed in an American film after the Hollywood Production Code was adopted. Nevertheless, in 1933 her performance in Bed of Roses was widely praised by critics in leading newspapers and trade papers.
Kelton for the remainder of the 1930s performed in over 20 more feature films and shorts. After her appearance in the 1939 film Whispering Enemies, she redirected her career, returning again to theatre and to performing increasingly on radio and later on the rapidly expanding medium of television. She did not return to the "big screen" until 1962, when she was cast as Mrs. Paroo in The Music Man.
Radio and return to New YorkEdit
By April 1940, Pert had left California and was living in New York City again, sharing a $65-per-month apartment in Manhattan on West 55th Street with three other women, two of whom were employed as dancers in the theatre and the third as a secretary. A federal census taker canvassing Manhattan that year concisely identified Kelton in his enumeration ledger as "Actress, Theatre & Movies" and recorded her given age as only 28, although in the spring of 1940 Pert was actually 32 years old. If not a mistake in documentation, it is possible that Kelton herself, feeling the pressures to maintain a youthful profile within the image-conscious realm of entertainment, "shaved" a few years off her age when answering census questions at that time. Her documented lack of consistent employment during the previous year may be indicative too of the professional pressures she was experiencing after her film career in Hollywood began to wane in the late 1930s. According to the United States Census of 1940, Kelton was employed for only six weeks during the entire year of 1939, a total time of employment far less than the weeks worked by her roommates over the same period.
Once Kelton had resettled in New York during the early 1940s, she began to work in theatre again, and she became a familiar voice on radio as well, performing on programs such as Easy Aces, It's Always Albert, The Stu Erwin Show, and on the 1941 soap opera We Are Always Young. Later, In 1949, she did the voices of five different radio characters on The Milton Berle Show. She was also a regular cast member of The Henry Morgan Show; and in the early 1950s, she performed the role of the tart maid in the Monty Woolley vehicle The Magnificent Montague.
Kelton was the original Alice Kramden in The Honeymooners comedy sketches on the DuMont Television Network's Cavalcade of Stars. These sketches formed the eventual basis for the 1955 sitcom The Honeymooners. Jackie Gleason starred as her husband Ralph Kramden, and Art Carney as their upstairs neighbor Ed Norton. Elaine Stritch played Trixie, the burlesque dancer wife of Norton, for one sketch before being replaced by Joyce Randolph.
Kelton appeared in the original sketches, generally running about 10 to 20 minutes, shorter than the later one-season half-hour series episodes and 1960s hour-long musical versions. However, she abruptly was dropped from her role for being older than Gleason, and she was replaced by Audrey Meadows; rather than acknowledge that she was blacklisted, her producers explained that her departure was based on alleged heart problems. In his book The Forgotten Network, David Weinstein wrote Kelton remained on Cavalcade of Stars through the final season of the series (1951-1952), and suggests that it may have been because Jackie Gleason had resisted attempts at having her dropped.
In the 1960s, Kelton was invited back to Gleason's CBS show to play Alice's mother in an episode of the hour-long musical version of The Honeymooners (also known as The Color Honeymooners), with Sheila MacRae as a fetching young Alice. By this time, the original age discrepancies were reversed, with Ralph married to a much younger Alice than himself.
In 1963, Kelton appeared on The Twilight Zone, playing the overbearing mother of Robert Duvall in the episode "Miniature." The next year she guest-starred on the popular family sitcom My Three Sons. In this episode "Stage Door Bub", Kelton portrays Thelma Wilson, a veteran itinerant stage actress who longs for a settled domestic life but soon realizes that lifestyle is actually ill-suited for her personality. In her last years, Kelton was strongly identified with Spic and Span because of commercials for the product.
In her 1925 Broadway debut in Sunny, Kelton had played the character Magnolia and performed a song with the same title as the play. Years later, she was twice nominated for Tony Awards: in 1960, as Best Supporting or Featured Actress (Musical) for Frank Loesser's Greenwillow; and in 1967-1968, as Best Supporting or Featured Actress (Dramatic) for Spofford. Her most memorable Broadway role, however, was her portrayal of the impatient Mrs. Paroo, the Irish mother of the town librarian Marian Paroo (Barbara Cook), in Meredith Willson's The Music Man, which premiered at the Majestic Theatre in New York in December 1957. She reprised her Broadway character in the film adaptation of The Music Man in 1962.
Pert Kelton was part owner of the Warner-Kelton Hotel, built in the late 1920s, at 6326 Lexington Avenue in Los Angeles, Pert and her parents resided in the hotel during the late 1920s until at least 1930.. (A February 20, 1928, article in the Standard-Examiner (Ogden, Utah) incorrectly identifies the hotel as the Walton-Kelton Hotel.) The hotel catered to actors, poets and musicians such as Cary Grant, Orry Kelly, Rodgers and Hart, Monroe Salisbury, Sadakichi Hartmann, and later, Elizabeth Short. The building had a small outdoor theater, in a garden to the south, with a wishing well that may have inspired the song "There's a Small Hotel" from the musical On Your Toes (1936). It also housed a speakeasy in the basement. A sign above the hotel entrance reads "Joyously Enter Here". It later was the home of the California Television Society.
Personal life and deathEdit
When away from rehearsing and performing, Kelton enjoyed art as a pastime and became a "passionate" painter. Pert was married to actor-director Ralph S. Bell with whom she had two sons, Brian and Stephen. The couple remained together until her death.
A resident of Washington Township, Bergen County, New Jersey, Kelton died of a heart attack on October 30, 1968 at age 61 while swimming at the YMCA in Ridgewood, New Jersey. Her body was cremated, and her ashes were given to family members. Her husband Ralph, who lived another three decades, later married Patricia Roe Bell, and died in August 1998.
- "The Story of Pert Kelton". Edward F. Kelton. 2002. Archived from the original on 2006-05-01.
- Obituary Variety, November 6, 1968, page 71.
- Cullen, Frank; Florence Hackman; Donald McNeilly (206). Vaudeville, Old and New. New York: Routledge. pp. 629–630. ISBN 978-0-415-93853-2.
- "Pert Kelton, Versatile Character Actress, Dead; Made Broadway Debut in '25 in the Musical Sunny Played Gleason's TV Wife Also on Radio Show", The New York Times, October 31, 1968. Accessed November 17, 2017. "Washington Township, N.J., Oct. 30-Pert Kelton, the character actress, was stricken, apparently with a heart attack, while swimming this morning at the Young Men's-Young Women's Hebrew Association in Ridgewood. She was pronounced dead at Valley Hospital. She was 61 years old and lived here with her husband, Ralph Bell, at 112 President Road."
- "New York State Census, 1925". New York State Archives, Albany, New York. FamilySearch. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- "The Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930", enumeration date April 14, 1930, District 55, Warner-Kelton Hotel, 6326 Lexington Avenue, Los Angeles City, Los Angeles County, California. Bureau of the Census, United States Department of Commerce and Labor, Washington, D.C. FamilySearch. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
- "Who's Who in the Cast: Pert Kelton", Playbill, March 1958, a cast profile included in preview for The Music Man, which premiered at the Majestic Theatre, New York, N.Y., December 19, 1957. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
- "Inside the Playbill: Minor Miracle - Opening Night at the Henry Miller's Theatre", Playbill, October 7, 1965; "Who's Who in the Cast", p. 34. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
- DeLong, Thomas A (1996). Radio Stars: An Illustrated Biographical Dictionary of 953 Performers, 1920 through 1960. McFarland & Company, Inc. pp. 146–149. ISBN 978-0-7864-2834-2.
- Hall, Leonard (February 20, 1928). "Pert Kelton -- A New Tale For the Cinderella Book". The Ogden Standard Examiner. Newspaper Enterprise Association. p. 7.
- "Inside the Playbill: Come Blow Your Horn—Opening Night at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre", profile of Pert Kelton in Playbill, February 1961. Premiere of Come Blow Your Horn, Brooks Atkinson Theatre, New York, New York. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
- "6326 Lexington Ave". Google Maps. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
- Ellenberger, Allan (29 July 2008). "HOLLYWOODLAND » Elizabeth Short's Hollywood…". allanellenberger.com. Retrieved 15 August 2018 – via archive.org.
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- Green, Abel (1933). "Bed of Roses", review, Variety, July 4, 1933, p. 16. Internet Archive, San Francisco. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- "Bed of Roses", review, The Film Daily (New York, N.Y.), July 1, 1933, p. 3. Internet Archive. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- Hall, Mordaunt (1933). "Constance Bennett Appears in 'Bed of Roses,' a New Film at the Radio City Music Hall", review, archives of The New York Times, June 30, 1933. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
- "Pert Kelton", filmography, American Film Institute (AFI), Los Angeles, California. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
- "Pert Kelton", filmography, Internet Movie Database (IMDb), a subsidiary of Amazon, Seattle, Washington. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
- "The Sixteenth Census of the United States: 1940", enumeration date April 23, 1940, Manhattan Borough, New York County, New York. FamilySearch. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
- "Stage Door Bub", My Three Sons, S04E24, originally broadcast February 27, 1964. IMDb. Retrieved August 30, 2017.
- "6326 Lexington Ave, West Hollywood, California". The Movieland Directory. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- "Mecianical Television". California Television Society. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- See, Carolyn (November 10, 1985). "Dream City: Life Through The Years Under the Hollywood H". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- "Brevoort Hotel". United States Fire Administration.
- "Who's Who in the Cast" for the Broadway play Spofford at the ANTA Theatre, New York, New York, premiered December 14, 1967; Playbill, December 1967, page 36. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
- "Cinnamonntoast4" (2002). "Pert Kelton", online memorial 6595758 with biographical profile and images originally created July 10, 2002. Find a Grave, a subsidiary of Ancestry.com, Lehi, Utah. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- "Paid Notice: Deaths BELL, RALPH S.", obituary, The New York Times, August 12, 1998. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
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