Pelham, Georgia

Pelham is a city in Mitchell County, Georgia, United States. The population was 3,898 at the 2010 census. Pelham is at the crossroads of US 19 and State Route 93 and is approximately 38 miles (61 km) south of Albany and about 26 miles (42 km) north of Thomasville. Pelham is well-known for its agriculture, with vast farming of cotton and pecans in the area.[4]

Pelham, Georgia
Pelham City Hall
Pelham City Hall
Location in Mitchell County and the state of Georgia
Location in Mitchell County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 31°7′36″N 84°9′10″W / 31.12667°N 84.15278°W / 31.12667; -84.15278Coordinates: 31°7′36″N 84°9′10″W / 31.12667°N 84.15278°W / 31.12667; -84.15278
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyMitchell
Government
 • MayorJames T. Eubanks
 • City ManagerCraig M. Bennett
Area
 • Total4.08 sq mi (10.56 km2)
 • Land4.08 sq mi (10.56 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
361 ft (110 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,507
 • Density859.98/sq mi (332.08/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
31779
Area code229
FIPS code13-59976[2]
GNIS feature ID0320347[3]
Websitehttp://cityofpelhamga.com

HistoryEdit

Pelham was incorporated in 1881 and named in honor of American Civil War Confederate States of America officer John Pelham,[5] who was born to a family of slave owners in northeastern Alabama in 1838. [6]

Geography and climateEdit

Pelham is at 31°7′36″N 84°9′10″W / 31.12667°N 84.15278°W / 31.12667; -84.15278 (31.126629, -84.152703).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles (11 km2), of which 4.1 square miles (11 km2) is land and 0.25% is water.

Pelham has a humid subtropical climate, characterized by humid summers and mild winters. It receives 52 inches of rain per year. The average number of days with any measurable precipitation is 90. Pelham has on average 233 sunny days per year. The July high is around 93 degrees Fahrenheit. The January low is 39 degrees Fahrenheit.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880168
1890385129.2%
1900945145.5%
19101,88098.9%
19202,64040.4%
19302,7624.6%
19402,579−6.6%
19504,36569.3%
19604,6095.6%
19704,539−1.5%
19804,306−5.1%
19903,869−10.1%
20004,1266.6%
20103,898−5.5%
20203,507−10.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2020 censusEdit

Pelham racial composition[9]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,174 33.48%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,082 59.37%
Native American 6 0.17%
Asian 16 0.46%
Other/Mixed 111 3.17%
Hispanic or Latino 118 3.36%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,507 people, 1,325 households, and 857 families residing in the city.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,126 people, 1,467 households and 999 families in the city. The population density was 1,019.2 inhabitants per square mile (393.5/km2). There were 1,591 housing units at an average density of 393.0 per square mile (151.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 56.13% African American, 41.66% White, 0.24% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.43% of the population.

There were 1,467 households, out of which 33.9% had children younger than 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 28.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 32.1% younger than 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and older, there were 72.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,040, and the median income for a family was $24,968. Males had a median income of $21,476 versus $17,161 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,703. About 29.6% of families and 33.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.0% of those younger than 18 and 19.5% of those age 65 or older.


EducationEdit

The Pelham City School District holds pre-school to grade 12, and consists of one elementary school, a middle school and a high school.[10] The district has 101 full-time teachers and over 1,627 students.[11]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Donnie Cochran - former commander of the Blue Angels Precision Air team and first black member
  • Don Griffin - two-time Super Bowl winner with San Francisco 49'ers

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Mitchell County Georgia". www.mitchellcountyga.net. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
  5. ^ "Pelham". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  6. ^ "The Gallant Pelham". New York Times. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-18.
  10. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 24, 2010.
  11. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 24, 2010.