Paul Sudhir Arul Kalanithi (April 1, 1977 – March 9, 2015) was an American neurosurgeon and writer. His book When Breath Becomes Air is a memoir about his life and illness with stage IV metastatic lung cancer. It was posthumously published by Random House in January 2016.[1] It was on The New York Times Non-Fiction Best Seller list for multiple weeks.[2]

Paul Kalanithi
BornApril 1, 1977
DiedMarch 9, 2015(2015-03-09) (aged 37)
EducationStanford University (BA, MA)
Darwin College, Cambridge (M.Phil)
Yale Medical School (MD)
SpouseLucy Goddard
Medical career
InstitutionsStanford University School of Medicine

Early life and education edit

Paul Kalanithi was born on April 1, 1977, and lived in Westchester, New York. He was born to a Christian family hailing from Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, India. Kalanithi had two brothers, Jeevan and Suman; Jeevan is a computer/robotics engineer and Suman is a neurologist. The family moved from Bronxville, New York, to Kingman, Arizona, when Kalanithi was 10. Kalanithi attended Kingman High School, where he graduated as valedictorian.[3][4]

Kalanithi attended Stanford University, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and a Master of Arts in English literature and a Bachelor of Science in human biology in 2000.[4][5] After Stanford, he attended the University of Cambridge, where he studied at Darwin College and graduated with a Master of Philosophy in the History and Philosophy of Science and Medicine.[5] Although he initially considered pursuing a Ph.D. in English Literature, Kalanithi then attended the Yale School of Medicine, where he graduated in 2007 cum laude, winning the Dr. Louis H. Nahum Prize for his research on Tourette’s syndrome.[6] He was inducted into the Alpha Omega Alpha national medical honor society.[5]

At Yale, Kalanithi met fellow medical student Lucy Goddard, who would become his wife.[4]

Career edit

After graduating from medical school, Kalanithi returned to Stanford to complete his residency training in neurosurgery and a postdoctoral fellowship in neuroscience at Stanford University School of Medicine.[4][5]

In May 2013, Kalanithi was diagnosed with metastatic stage IV non-small-cell EGFR-positive lung cancer.[4][7] He died on March 9, 2015, aged 37.[4]

Personal life edit

Kalanithi was married to Lucy (née Goddard), with whom he had a daughter in 2014, Elizabeth Acadia ("Cady").[5][8] Lucy is an associate professor at Stanford University School of Medicine and wrote the epilogue to When Breath Becomes Air.[9][10][11][12] She is the twin sister of Joanna Goddard of the blog A Cup of Jo.[13]

Although Kalanithi was raised in a devout Christian family, he turned away from the faith in his teens and twenties in favor of other ideas.[5] However, he retained "the central values of Christianity — sacrifice, redemption, forgiveness" and returned to Christianity later in his life. In his book, he writes that if he had been more religious in his youth, he would have become a pastor.[5]

He never smoked.[14]

Bibliography edit

Non-fiction books edit

Essays edit

Scholarly articles edit

Only first-authored articles are listed below

  • O'Shea DJ*, Kalanithi P*, Ferenczi EA*, Hsueh B, Chandrasekaran C, Goo W, Diester I, Ramakrishnan C, Kaufman MT, Ryu SI, Yeom KW, Deisseroth K, Shenoy KV. Scientific Reports. 2018 Apr 30;8(1):6775. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24362-7.[19] *Co-first author.
  • Kalanithi, P. S.; Arrigo, R. T.; Tran, P; Gephart, M. H.; Shuer, L; Fisher, R; Boakye, M (2014). "Rehospitalization and emergency department use rates before and after vagus nerve stimulation for epilepsy: Use of state databases to provide longitudinal data across multiple clinical settings". Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface. 17 (1): 60–4, discussion 64–5. doi:10.1111/ner.12051. PMID 23551457. S2CID 46274667.
  • Kalanithi, P. S.; Henderson, J. M. (2012). "Optogenetic Neuromodulation". Emerging Horizons in Neuromodulation – New Frontiers in Brain and Spine Stimulation. International Review of Neurobiology. Vol. 107. pp. 185–205. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-404706-8.00010-3. ISBN 9780124047068. PMID 23206683.
  • Kalanithi, P. A.; Arrigo, R; Boakye, M (2012). "Morbid obesity increases cost and complication rates in spinal arthrodesis". Spine. 37 (11): 982–8. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e31823bbeef. PMID 22037526. S2CID 15167313.
  • Kalanithi, P; Schubert, R. D.; Lad, S. P.; Harris, O. A.; Boakye, M (2011). "Hospital costs, incidence, and inhospital mortality rates of traumatic subdural hematoma in the United States". Journal of Neurosurgery. 115 (5): 1013–8. doi:10.3171/2011.6.JNS101989. PMID 21819196.
  • Kalanithi PS, Patil CG, Boakye M (2009). "National complication rates and disposition after posterior lumbar fusion for acquired spondylolisthesis". Spine. 34 (18): 1963–9. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181ae2243. PMID 19652635. S2CID 42579192.
  • Kalanithi, P. S.; Zheng, W; Kataoka, Y; Difiglia, M; Grantz, H; Saper, C. B.; Schwartz, M. L.; Leckman, J. F.; Vaccarino, F. M. (2005). "Altered parvalbumin-positive neuron distribution in basal ganglia of individuals with Tourette syndrome". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 102 (37): 13307–12. Bibcode:2005PNAS..10213307K. doi:10.1073/pnas.0502624102. PMC 1201574. PMID 16131542. father. name.

References edit

  1. ^ Maslin, Janet (6 January 2016). "Review: In 'When Breath Becomes Air,' Dr. Paul Kalanithi Confronts an Early Death". New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Print and E-book Nonfiction". New York Times. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  3. ^ Steele, Kim. "Obituary: Paul Kalanithi". Daily Miner. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Spector, Rosanne (11 March 2015). "Paul Kalanithi, writer and neurosurgeon, dies at 37". Stanford Medicine News. Stanford University School of Medicine.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Kalanithi, Paul (27 May 2016). "Paul Kalanithi: Why I gave up on atheism". Fox News. Fox News Network.
  6. ^ Reisz, Matthew (April 2015). "Paul Kalanithi, 1977–2015". Times Higher education. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  7. ^ Kalanithi, Paul (11 January 2016). "My Last Day as a Surgeon". New Yorker. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  8. ^ O'Kelly, Lisa (14 February 2016). "Lucy Kalanithi: "Paul's view was that life wasn't about avoiding suffering"". The Guardian.
  9. ^ "CAP Profile".
  10. ^ Smith, Duncan (25 April 2018). "Lucy Kalanithi: Work, life, grief, love". BMJ: k1220. doi:10.1136/bmj.k1220. S2CID 13850394.
  11. ^ Kalanithi, Lucy (6 January 2016). "My Marriage Didn't End When I Became a Widow". The New York Times.
  12. ^ Stanford University School of Medicine. "Lucy Kalanithi". Stanford University School of Medicine.
  13. ^ Goddard, Joanna (2018-01-03). "An Update on My Twin Sister". A Cup of Jo. Retrieved 2021-01-22.
  14. ^ Br, Michelle (12 February 2015). "For this doctor couple, the Super Bowl was about way more than football". Scope. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  15. ^ Kalanithi, Paul (2014-01-24). "How Long Have I Got Left?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-12-27.
  16. ^ Kalanithi, Paul (23 February 2015). "Before I Go". Stanford Medicine Magazine. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  17. ^ Kalanithi, Paul (2016-01-11). "My Last Day as a Surgeon". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2016-02-22.
  18. ^ Kalanithi, Paul (2014-03-13). "Remembering Sherwin B. Nuland, the author of How We Die". Retrieved 2016-12-27.
  19. ^ O'Shea, Daniel J.; Kalanithi, Paul; Ferenczi, Emily A.; Hsueh, Brian; Chandrasekaran, Chandramouli; Goo, Werapong; Diester, Ilka; Ramakrishnan, Charu; Kaufman, Matthew T. (2018-04-30). "Development of an optogenetic toolkit for neural circuit dissection in squirrel monkeys". Scientific Reports. 8 (1): 6775. Bibcode:2018NatSR...8.6775O. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24362-7. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 5928036. PMID 29712920.

External links edit