Parade (Prince album)
Parade is the eighth studio album by American recording artist Prince, and the fourth and final album to feature The Revolution as his backing band. It also was the soundtrack album to the 1986 film Under the Cherry Moon, directed by and starring Prince. It was released on March 31, 1986 by Paisley Park Records and Warner Bros. Records.
|Studio album / soundtrack by|
|Released||March 31, 1986|
|Recorded||April 1985–early 1986|
|Singles from Parade|
Parade eschews the guitar and rock elements of Prince's 1984 album Purple Rain in favor of the neo-psychedelic style he explored on Around the World in a Day (1985), austerely produced funk, and soundtrack compositions. After the critical disappointment of his 1985 album Around the World in a Day, Parade was released to acclaim from music critics. "Kiss" reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100. Parade was certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in June 1986.
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Parade was the follow-up to Around the World in a Day and the soundtrack to Prince's second film. The album sees Prince further diversifying musically, adding orchestrations to his music and presenting a very European feel. Prince also displayed a new image with Parade: his trademark ruffled shirts, wild curly hair, and purple outfits, which defined his look from 1981's Controversy to 1985's Around the World in a Day, were replaced by slicked-back hair and dress suits. The first single, "Kiss", was a number one hit, and the album as a whole was well received in the United States. Europe further embraced the album, and for the first time in Prince's career European album sales eclipsed those in the United States. While Parade was the last official release with The Revolution, a follow up called Dream Factory was recorded. Its release was canceled when Prince disbanded the group.
Music and lyricsEdit
Parade eschews the guitar and rock elements of Prince's 1984 album Purple Rain in favor of the neo-psychedelic style he explored on Around the World in a Day (1985), austerely produced funk, and soundtrack compositions. According to Blender magazine's Keith Harris, Parade "makes a pop cavalcade out of the same psychedelic affectations" of Around the World in a Day. Robert Christgau of The Village Voice viewed it as a modern "fusion of Fresh's foundation and Sgt. Pepper's filigrees", with songs he described as baroque pop creations. According to PopMatters editor Quentin B. Huff, "Parade doesn't sound like anything else in the Prince canon. The album is a blend of jazz, soul, and a certain French undercurrent, probably absorbed from the film being set in France."
Parade is bookended by two songs—"Christopher Tracy's Parade" and "Sometimes It Snows in April"—that reference Christopher Tracy, the protagonist from Under the Cherry Moon. The latter song is an acoustic ballad with chromatic choruses and sentimental lyrics bidding farewell to Tracy. Christgau wrote that the album's lyrics suggest that Prince sings as Tracy, although he cannot be certain. Parade also features some French lyrics and chanson arrangements, which refer to the film's French setting.
Release and receptionEdit
|Hi-Fi News & Record Review||A|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Spin Alternative Record Guide||7/10|
|The Village Voice||A−|
Parade was released on March 31, 1986 to acclaim from music critics, who viewed it as a creative comeback after the critical disappointment of Around the World in a Day. In a contemporary review for The New York Times, John Rockwell said that the album succeeds in part because of the more aggressive songs, "in which Prince chooses to play up the black side of his multifaceted musical sensibility." The Sunday Times found its musical scope "stunning", and the Detroit Free Press called the album "a confirmation of Prince's place as a superior melodist, arranger, and player, as well as a celebration of his creativity." Hi-Fi News & Record Review called songs such as "New Position and "Girls and Boys" well-crafted funk and said that "when Prince opts to go completely daft, as he does on 'Do U Lie'... even then the result is somehow endearing and instantly likeable."
Commercially, Parade charted at number 3 on the pop chart and at number 2 on the R&B chart, while selling 2 million copies in the United States, where Prince's sales had decreased. However it garnered him a new commercial audience in Europe and sold 2 million copies internationally. The album finished 25th in the voting for The Village Voice's annual Pazz & Jop critics poll. Christgau, the poll's creator, ranked it as the 33rd best album of the year on his own list. NME magazine named it their album of the year for 1986.
In a retrospective review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine viewed Parade as a musically diverse near-masterpiece that is given depth by Prince's "weird religious and sexual metaphors". Simon Price later wrote in The Guardian that it was "the sound of Prince at his most effortless and assured. Cohesive and ice cream-cool, nobody would guess it was a soundtrack for a (sub-par) film. And it has 'Kiss' on it." In a less enthusiastic review for Entertainment Weekly, David Browne said the record's ornate ballads and inconsistent material made it more self-indulgent than Around the World in a Day. According to Mosi Reeves of Rhapsody, Prince's die-hard fans viewed the album as a charming mix of funk, jazz, and pop rock styles, but some detractors felt that its music was overblown. Reeves himself said that "this stylistic departure is an anomaly". In rapper Chuck D's opinion, Prince "turned off a lot of the black followers [with the album]. I couldn't understand that. People don't want artists to endlessly repeat themselves, yet they can't tolerate change either. Prince changes all the time, always working on the public's imagination, always trying to keep ahead of them."
All tracks are written by Prince, except where noted.
|Side one: Intro|
|1.||"Christopher Tracy's Parade" (Prince, John L. Nelson)||2:11|
|3.||"I Wonder U"||1:39|
|4.||"Under the Cherry Moon" (Prince, Nelson)||2:57|
|5.||"Girls & Boys"||5:29|
|6.||"Life Can Be So Nice"||3:13|
|7.||"Venus de Milo"||1:55|
|Side two: End|
|8.||"Mountains" (Prince, Wendy & Lisa)||3:57|
|9.||"Do U Lie?"||2:44|
|10.||"Kiss" (Prince, arranged by David Z)||3:37|
|12.||"Sometimes It Snows in April" (Prince, Wendy & Lisa)||6:48|
|Australian Albums Chart||8|
|Austrian Albums Chart||7|
|Canadian Albums Chart||11|
|Dutch Albums Chart||1|
|German Albums Chart||6|
|New Zealand Albums Chart||7|
|Norwegian Albums Chart||10|
|Swedish Albums Chart||5|
|Swiss Albums Chart||2|
|UK Albums Chart||4|
|US Billboard 200||3|
|US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums (Billboard)||2|
|US Billboard 200||50|
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Gold||25,000*|
|Denmark (IFPI Denmark)||Gold||50,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||300,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
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- Christgau, Robert (March 3, 1987). "Pazz & Jop 1986: Dean's List". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "Albums and Tracks of the Year for 1986". NME. Archived from the original on January 18, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
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- "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 44, No. 11, June 07 1986". Archived from the original on January 22, 2009.
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- certyear for AUSTRALIAN CERTIFICATION must be 1997 or larger
- "Austrian album certifications – Prince – Parade" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- "Danish album certifications – Prince – Parade". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved October 22, 2019. Scroll through the page-list below until year 2018 to obtain certification.
- "French album certifications – Prince – Parade" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Prince; 'Parade')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
- "Dutch album certifications – Prince – Parade" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Enter Parade in the "Artiest of titel" box.
- Salaverrie, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (PDF) (in Spanish) (1st ed.). Madrid: Fundación Autor/SGAE. p. 959. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
- "British album certifications – Prince – Parade". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type Parade in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "American album certifications – Prince – Parade". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.
- Huff, Quentin B. (June 16, 2011). "Prince's Parade: It's Really All About the Music". PopMatters.