Panipuri (pānīpūrī (help·info)) or Fuchka (Phuchka (help·info)) or Gupchup or Golgappa is a type of snack that originated in the Indian subcontinent, and is one of the most common street foods in Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
|Alternative names||Paani patashi (Haryana & Madhya Pradesh) |
Pani ke batashe (Uttar Pradesh)
Golgappa, gol gappay or gol gappa (Delhi, Punjab)
Fuchka ফুচকা (Bangladesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Nepal)
Fuska ফুসকা/ফুছকা (Sylhet and Chittagong)
Gup-chup (Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Southern Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh)
Panipuri (Gujarat, Maharashtra )
|Place of origin||India|
|Region or state||Indian subcontinent|
|Main ingredients||Flour, spiced water, onions, potatoes, chickpeas|
|Variations||Sev puri, Puri|
Panipuri consists of a round or ball-shaped, hollow puri (a deep-fried crisp flatbread), filled with a mixture of flavored water (known as imli pani), tamarind chutney, chili powder, chaat masala, potato mash, onion or chickpeas.
Fuchka (or fuska or puska) differs from Panipuri in content and taste. It uses a mixture of boiled yellow peas and spiced mashed potatoes as the filling with sliced onion mixture as the toppings. It is tangy rather than sweetish while the water is sour and spicy.
Panipuri's name varies depending on the region. In Haryana it is known as paani patashi; in Madhya Pradesh fulki; in Uttar Pradesh pani ke batashe/padake ; in Assam phuska/puska; Pakodi in parts of Gujarat, Gup-chup in Odisha, Telangana, South Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh Phuchka in Bengal, Bihar and Nepal. It is popular by the name of Gol Gappa (/gəʊlˈgʌpə/) in some parts of Northern India (particularly Delhi and Punjab).
Chaat is considered as the predecessor of Pani Puri. According to the culinary anthropologist Kurush Dalal, Chaat originated in the Northern India (now Uttar Pradesh) during the Mahabharat era. According to this claim, Draupadi in the Mahabharat impressed her mother-in-law, Kunti, by being able to turn dough for just one puri and some potatoes into pani puri to feed her five husbands. However, this story does not have any historical evidence for it and is considered a myth by historians. Food historian Pushpesh Pant opines that Pani puri originated in North India (around modern-day Uttar Pradesh and Bihar), about 100 to 125 years ago. He also noted that it was possibly originated from Raj-Kachori. Someone made a smaller Puri and made a Pani Puri from it. Pani Puri spread to the rest of India mainly due to migration of people from one part of the country to another in the 20th century.
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