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Pallagorio (Albanian: Puhëriu, Calabrese: Paragùriu [3]) is a comune and town in the province of Crotone, in Calabria, Italy.

Pallagorio
Comune di Pallagorio
Pallagorio Retro Chiesa Madre.jpg
Coat of arms of Pallagorio
Coat of arms
Location of Pallagorio
Pallagorio is located in Italy
Pallagorio
Pallagorio
Location of Pallagorio in Italy
Pallagorio is located in Calabria
Pallagorio
Pallagorio
Pallagorio (Calabria)
Coordinates: 39°18′N 16°54′E / 39.300°N 16.900°E / 39.300; 16.900Coordinates: 39°18′N 16°54′E / 39.300°N 16.900°E / 39.300; 16.900
CountryItaly
RegionCalabria
ProvinceCrotone (KR)
FrazioniTrepido
Government
 • MayorUmberto Lorecchio
Area
 • Total41 km2 (16 sq mi)
Elevation
1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[2]
 • Total1,164
 • Density28/km2 (74/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Pallagoresi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
88818
Dialing code0962
Patron saintSaint John the Baptist
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

The village and the surrounding area have been inhabited since the Neolithic; there are numerous caves scattered in the territory, including the so-called "Cave of St. Maurice" of palaeontological interest.

In the second millennium BC, the area was settled by the Oenotrian-Italic population of the Chone, who left traces of their presence both in toponyms and with devotional objects found throughout the area. Archaeological remains from the early 1st millennium are found all over the area surrounding the town. It is speculated that the area was the seat of Chone, the city Italic-Hellenic founded in Mycenaean age by Greek hero Philoctetes, mentioned by historical sources (Strabo, Apollodorus, Lycophron). Archaeological finds include Italic-Hellenic walls, amphorae, tombs and the remains of an ancient necropolis with votive statues related to the Orphic cult.

Between the 7th and 5th century BC, Greek colonists arrived here, as testified by numerous remains and again by toponyms of Greek origin. In Roman times, Latin colonists settled in the area overlooking the village, along the river valley Vitravo, starting an intense colonization of the land.

 
Pallagorio during the 1930s

In the Middle Ages, the village, concentrated in the districts of "Valle" and "Cucinaro", took the name of "San Giovanni in Palagorio". It had a few hundred inhabitants, mostly farmers, depending from the feudal lords of Umbriatico.[4]

Around the mid-15th century, Albanian-Greek mercenaries from Epirus and Peloponnese under the guidance of Demetrio Reres settled the area after having fought in the war between the Angevins and Aragonese.[5][6][7]

Since the end of the 17th century, the village was the subject of an intense and continuous migration of people attracted by the fertility of the land, and the mild climate. The village was a fief of the Spinelli finally until the end of the century, then it went to Rovegno, who held it to the end of the 18th century.

After the events of the Napoleonic Wars, it became an independent town in 1834. Next, it followed the fate of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies.[4]

Until the mid-17th century the village preserved the use of Byzantine Rite in addition to the Catholic Rite.

The village still retains the Arbëreshë language, in addition to the Calabrian dialect.

EtymologyEdit

Hypothesis on the origins of the name are various. One is that the current village is located near the ruins of a pre-existing fortress-town, whence the Greek name Palaios Chorion ("old settlement"). Others derive it from the Albanian name (Puheriu), from Puhe e ri ("New Puhe") referring to a possible settlement in Albania with the same name. The last one is still derived from the Arbereshe dialect: Pucciur e riut (Kissed from the wind), referring to the geographical position.[8]

Main sightsEdit

CultureEdit

Events in the village include:

  • Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (second second Sunday of May)[8]
  • St. Lucy's Day
  • Christmas, for which a special desserts are prepared: culumolli, a doughnut style pastry fried in oil; xhurxhullea, a type of Turrón made with sesame seeds and almonds worked with honey and covered in colored sugar ornaments; bukunotet, a kind of dumpling filled up with marmalade or ricotta cheese and covered with powder sugar; and krustullit, a type of big egg, milk, and flour gnocchis dipped in honey and must.[8]

EconomyEdit

Pallagorio relies on the production of oil, wine, cereals, citruses, and the intense breeding of cattle.

PeopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ G. Gasca Queirazza, C. Mercato, etc. (1996), Dizionario di toponomastica : storia e significato dei nomi geografici italiani, Milano: Garzanti, p. 470, ISBN 9788811305002, OCLC 718439728CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ a b Pallagorio - Palolo Staltari (in Italian)[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Robert Elsie (19 March 2010). Historical Dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-8108-7380-3. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  6. ^ Arshi Pipa (1978). Albanian Folk Verse: Structure and Genre. O. Harrassowitz. p. 41. ISBN 978-3-87828-119-1. Retrieved 1 December 2013. The king appointed Demetrius governor of the Reggio province in Calabria
  7. ^ Perta, Carmela (2004-01-01). Language Decline and Death in Three Arbë- Resh Communities in Italy: A Sociolinguistic Study. Edizioni dell'Orso. p. 1. ISBN 9788876947919. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Pallagorio (in Italian), Crotone Turismo, archived from the original on 2015-01-02, retrieved 2014-01-02