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The Pakistan Army Aviation Corps (Urdu: ﺁرمى ایویشن كور; Army Aviation Corps), abbreviated as Avn, is the aviation corps of the Pakistan Army, tasked with providing close aerial combat support and aerial logistics for the Pakistan Army.[1]

Pakistan Army Aviation Corps
Pakistan Army Aviation Insignia.jpg
Pakistan Army Aviation Insignia
Active14 August 1947 - present
Country Pakistan
Branch Pakistan Army
TypeMilitary aviation
Headquarters/GarrisonArmy Aviation Command, Rawalpindi
Engagementssee Military history of Pakistan
DecorationsSitara-i-Jurat
13×Sitara-i-Basalat
15xTamgha-i-Basalat
COAS Commendation Cards
Imtiazi Sanads
Battle honoursChumak (Siachin) Saviours
Commanders
General Officer CommandingMaj Gen Najeeb Ahmad
Notable
commanders
Lt Gen AB Awan
Brigadier Jabbar
Maj Gen Azam
Brigadier Zaka Bhangoo
Brigadier Raashid
Aircraft flown
Attack helicopterBell AH-1F Cobra
Bell AH-1Z Viper
Mil Mi-35M Hind-E
TAI T129 ATAK
Utility helicopterMil Mi-17
Aérospatiale/IAR 330 Puma
Aérospatiale Alouette III
Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama
AgustaWestland AW139
Bell 412
Bell 206
Bell UH-1 Huey
Eurocopter Écureuil
Eurocopter Fennec
TransportBeechcraft Super King Air 350
Bombardier Challenger 605
Cessna Citation Bravo
Cessna 208B Caravan
Harbin Y-12
Cessna T206H Stationair
Turbo Commander 690C

HistoryEdit

Originally formed by British Army Air Corps in 1942, the entire unit was transferred to Pakistan in 1947.[1] The officers and personnel were part of the Air Observation Post who were deployed in support of Punjab Boundary Force. Later the entire group was stationed at Chaklala Air Force Base before the partition of India.[1]

Initially part of Pakistan Air Force, the Corps was split into the new service and became part of Pakistan Army in 1958.[2] The Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering started to maintain the aircraft and helicopters given by the United States Army Aviation Branch, opening its own aviation school in 1959.[3]

Since the 1960s, the corps expanded in momentum, manpower, and its operational scope has widened.[3] By the 1970s, the Corps became a fighting air component of the Pakistan Army, with its attack helicopters becoming the backbone of military operations.[3] The Corps has become an integral part of Pakistan Army's every imitated operations, and came to public and international notice in the 1970s after initiating, and successfully quelling, the serious civil war in Balochistan.[2]

It is also a most decorated Corps of Pakistan Army, with more national citations and awards conferred and bestowed to this Corps than any combatant corps of Pakistan Army. Although it came into existence in 1947, the corps was given a full commission in 1977.[2]

Combat operationsEdit

As for its war capabilities, the Corps has a long history; participating in every conflict and war with India, they also led and flew bombing and combat missions in the Afghanistan war, Somalian War, Sierra Leone war, Mozambique war, Sri Lankan war Bosnian war, and recently, the War in North-West Pakistan. The corps has actively participated in Siachin Conflict, Kargil Conflict and War on Terror. The daring pilots of Pakistan Army Aviation have conducted some of the most historic and difficult missions in Aviation history, in pursuit of which some of them laid down their lives. They are known for their professionalism for high altitude flying, combat, assault and rescue missions.[1]

The Corps also initiated the non-combatant operations in 2005, when it led a massive airlift and re-location mission after the Kashmir earthquake.[2] In 1991, the Corps was stationed in Bangladesh, where they completed its non-combat mission after the country was hit with a cyclone.[2] Since its inception, the Corps has become a significant combatant arm of the Pakistan Army, poised for a definite and critical role be it peace or war.[1]

Aircraft inventoryEdit

Pakistan Army operates over 300 helicopters alongside several fixed wing aircraft.

3 CAIC Z-10 Fierce Thunderbolt attack helicopters of China were delivered for trial use so that orders could be made in the future. However, as of 2018, no orders have been made further, this could mean that these 3 helicopters were returned with no follow-up order.

Aircraft/System Photo Role Quantity Note Service period
Bell AH-1F Cobra   Attack helicopter 48[4] Modernized of AH-1S Cobra, will be replaced by TAI T-129 Atak all-weather multi-role helicopters. 1985-current
TAI T-129 Atak   Attack helicopter 0 30[5] on order, worth $1.5 billion. Pakistan will buy initially (30) T-129 multi-role attack helicopters.
Bell AH-1Z Viper   Attack helicopter 0 12 on order. Including 1000 AGM-114R Hellfire II (Hellfire Romeo) Block-2 missiles. [6]
Mil Mi-35M Hind-E   Attack helicopter 4[7] Attack + light utility helicopter, 5 additional on order. [8]
Mil Mi-17/171E   Transport helicopter 48[4] 1996-current
Aérospatiale SA 330L Puma   Utility helicopter 45[4] 1977-current
Bell 412EP   Utility helicopter 33[4] 2004-current
AgustaWestland AW139   Utility helicopter 5[9] Also perform Search and rescue missions.
Bell UH-1H Huey   Utility helicopter 1[4] 1974-current
Airbus H125M/Eurocopter AS550 C3 Fennec   Utility

Helicopter

31[4] Used as light attack helicopter and for reconnaissance.
Airbus H125/Eurocopter AS350 B3 Écureuil   Utility helicopter 10[10] 13[11][12] additional helicopters on order. 2005-current
Bell 206B JetRanger III   Utility helicopter 18[4] 1975-current
Aerospatiale SA 316B/319B Alouette III   Utility helicopter 13[4] 1967-current
Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama   Utility helicopter 18[4] Mainly Operated by army in Siachen Glacier. 1986-current
Beechcraft Super King Air 350ER   Transport aircraft 5[4]
Bombardier Challenger 605   Transport aircraft 1[4]
Cessna Citation Bravo   Transport aircraft 1[4]
Cessna 208B Caravan   Utility aircraft 7[4] Also used as MEDEVAC
Harbin Y-12 (II)/F   Utility aircraft 4[4] 1999-current
Cessna T206H Stationair   Utility aircraft 4[4] Used as MEDEVAC
Turbo Commander 690C   Utility aircraft 2[4]
Beechcraft Super King Air 350   SIGINT & ISR 2[4] for reconnaissance
Schweizer 300C   Training helicopter 15[4] 1993-current
Enstrom 280FX   Training helicopter 4[13] 15[4] on order.

Retired AircraftEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e PA, Pakistan Army. "Army Aviation-Pakistan Army". Pakistan Army. Pakistan Army Aviation Corps. Archived from the original on 17 November 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Global Security. "Army Aviation Corps". Global Security inc. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
  3. ^ a b c The United States Government (CIA Fact Book) (2011). Pakistan Intelligence and Security Activities Army Aviation Corps. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government. p. 259. ISBN 0-7397-1194-6. Archived from the original on 2014-07-04. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "World Air Forces 2019". Flightglobal Insight. 2019. Archived from the original on December 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Turkey, Pakistan close to finalizing ATAK helicopter deal". Dailysabah.com. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  6. ^ Iqbal, Anwar (23 February 2017). "Pakistan recalibrating capabilities to fight terrorists". Dawn. Archived from the original on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  7. ^ Dominguez, Gabriel (30 August 2017). "Russia delivers four Mi-35M helos to Pakistan, says report". Jane's Defence Weekly. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  8. ^ Allport, Dave (February 2019). "Pakistan orders more Mi-35Ms". AirForces Monthly (371): 25.
  9. ^ "WorldAirForces2018.pdf". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Two Mountaineers Saved in extremis". Airbushelicopters.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Yearbook 2014-15" (PDF). Modp.gov.pk. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 October 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Yearbook 2015-16" (PDF). Modp.gov.pk. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 September 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  13. ^ Warnes, Alan (13 April 2018). "Four Enstrom 280FXs Delivered to Pakistan Army". warnesysworld.com. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.

External linksEdit