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Equipment of the Pakistan Army

Pakistan Army
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Organisation and components
Structure of the Pakistan Army
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Personnel
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Serving generals
Equipment
Equipment
History and traditions
Military history of Pakistan
UN Peacekeeping Missions
Pakistan Army FC
Awards, decorations and badges
Awards and Decorations
Nishan-e-Haider

The equipment currently in use by the Pakistan Army is divided into the following main sections: infantry weapons, armour, artillery, engineering vehicles, air defence, radars, aircraft and anti-tank/bunker-buster missiles.

Infantry weaponsEdit

Small armsEdit

Name Photo Type Origin Notes
SIG Sauer P226   Semi-automatic pistol   Germany SIG Sauer P226 and P229. Used by Special Services Group [1]
Glock   Semi-automatic pistol   Austria Glock 17 and 19. Used by Special Services Group. [1]
Heckler & Koch P7   Semi-automatic pistol   West Germany Used by Special Services Group. [1]
Heckler & Koch MP5   Submachine gun   West Germany [2] MP5A2, MP5P3 variants manufactured by POF. [3]
Colt M4   Carbine   United States Used by Special Services Group. [4] M4A1 variant. [5]
Steyr AUG   Bullpup assault rifle   Austria Used by Special Services Group. [4]
Type 56   Assault rifle   China Chinese clone of AK-47. Used in large numbers. [6]
Heckler & Koch G3   Battle rifle   West Germany Pakistan Army's service rifle. [6] G3A3, G3P4 variants manufactured by POF. [7]
RPD   Light machine gun   Soviet Union [8]
Rheinmetall MG 3   General-purpose machine gun   West Germany [9] MG1A3 variant manufactured by POF. [10]
Steyr SSG 69   Sniper rifle   Austria [11]
Accuracy International Arctic Warfare   Sniper rifle   United Kingdom Used by Special Services Group. [12]
Barrett M82   Anti-materiel rifle   United States [13]
RPA Rangemaster .50 Anti-materiel rifle   United Kingdom [14]
GP-25   Under-barrel grenade launcher   Soviet Union [15] Pakistani variant. [16]

Light weaponsEdit

Name Photo Type Origin Notes
RPG-7   Rocket-propelled grenade launcher   Soviet Union [17]
Alcotán-100   Anti-tank rocket launcher   Spain Alcotan-AT (M2) variant. [18]
QLZ87   Automatic grenade launcher   China [19]
Mk 19   Automatic grenade launcher   United States [20]
SPG-9   Recoilless rifle   Soviet Union [21]
M40A1   Recoilless rifle   United States [22]
Norinco Type 63-1 Light mortar   China 60 mm mortar. An improved variant is in service. [23]
Hotchkiss Brandt MO-81-61   Mortar   France 81 mm mortar. MO-81-61 C Short barrel and MO-81-61 L Long barrel mortars in service. [24][25]
Brandt MO-120-AM-50 M67   Heavy mortar   France 120 mm mortar. [26][27]

Hand grenades and minesEdit

Name Type Origin Notes
Arges 84 Hand grenade   Austria [28] P2A1 variant manufactured by POF. [29]
P4 Anti-personnel mine   Pakistan [30] Blast mine. Manufactured by POF. [31]
P7 Anti-personnel mine   Pakistan [32] Bounding fragmentation mine. Manufactured by POF as the Mine AP Fragmentation (Shrapnel). [33]
M18A1 Claymore Anti-personnel mine   United States [34] Directional fragmentation mine. P5 Mk1 variant manufactured by POF as the Remote Control Fragmentation Device. [18]
P3 Mk2 Anti-tank mine   Pakistan [35] Manufactured by POF. [31]

ArmourEdit

Name Type Origin Quantity Notes
Al-Khalid Main battle tank   China 324
25 (Al-Khalid 1)
As of mid-2017. [36][31][37][33][18][38]
T-80UD Main battle tank   Ukraine 320 Delivered by Ukraine between 1997 and 1999. [39]
Al-Zarrar Main battle tank   China
  Pakistan
504 [36][31][37]
Type 85-IIAP Main battle tank   China 268 Delivered by China between 1992 and 1996. [40][41][42][43][44][45][38]
Type 69-IIMP Main battle tank   China 158 290 Type 69-IIMP manufactured by HIT. [46] 132 tanks were refitted with 100 mm gun and handed over to Frontier Corps between 2008 and 2010. [47][48]
Type 59 Main battle tank   China 600 [49]
Sakb Armoured command vehicle   United States
  Pakistan
-- [50][51]
M113 Armored personnel carrier   United States
  Pakistan
  Italy
3283 530 M113A1 delivered in 1970s [52], followed by 185 M113A2 APCs in the mid-1980s. [53][54][55] 775 M113A2/P acquired between 1989 and 1995. [52][56] 943 M113A2 delivered by U.S. as Excess Defense Articles (EDA) in 2014 & 2015. [57]
250 Talha [36][58] and an undisclosed number of Saad APCs manufactured by HIT. [59]
600 surplus VCC-1 and VCC-2 APCs delivered by Italy between 2013 and 2015. [60][61][62]
M901 ITV Tank destroyer using ATGMs   United States 24 [63]
Maaz Tank destroyer using ATGMs   United States
  Pakistan
33 33 Maaz manufactured between 2010 and 2015. [64][65][31][37][33]
International MaxxPro MRAP vehicle   United States 325 20 MaxxPro delivered in 2014. [66] 305 MaxxPro Base delivered by U.S. as EDA in 2015. [57] 40 MaxxPro Dash DXM MRAPs on order. [67]
Casspir MRAP vehicle   South Africa -- [68]

ArtilleryEdit

Name Type Calibre Origin Quantity Notes
A-100 Multiple rocket launcher 300 mm   China 48 36 launchers acquired till 2011. [69] 12 more delivered in 2012 & 2013. [70][71]
KRL 122 Multiple rocket launcher 122 mm   North Korea
  Pakistan
-- Pakistani manufactured variant of the North Korean BM-11. [69]
M110 Self-propelled gun 203 mm   United States 40 M110A2 variant in service. [72][73]
M109 Self-propelled gun 155 mm   United States 389 Includes 152 M109A2 [72] and 115 M109A5. [74] 122 M109L SPGs delivered by Italy between 2016 and 2019. [75]
M115 Towed howitzer 203 mm   United States 26 [76]
M198 Towed howitzer 155 mm   United States 124 [77]
M114 Towed howitzer 155 mm   United States 60 [78]
Type 59-1 Field gun 130 mm   China 87 Delivered in 1998 & 2000. [79][80]
Norinco D-30 Towed howitzer 122 mm   China 179 143 delivered in 2003 & 2004. [81][82][83] 36 more acquired in 2013 & 2014. [37]
Type 54-1 Towed howitzer 122 mm   China 400 [84]
M101 Towed howitzer 105 mm   United States 300 [85]
OTO Melara Mod 56 Pack howitzer 105 mm   Italy 50 [86]
Ordnance QF 25-pounder Field gun 88 mm   United Kingdom -- [87]

Notable engineering vehiclesEdit

Name Type Origin Quantity Notes
M88A1 Armoured recovery vehicle   United States 52 [88]
W653 Armoured recovery vehicle   China 174 174 ARV W653 rebuilt by HIT till April 2008. [89] 36 W653 upgraded to W653A standard between 2009 and 2012. [48][64][65]
MaxxPro MRV Armoured recovery vehicle   United States 37 2 MRVs delivered in 2014. [66] 35 delivered by U.S. as EDA in 2016. [57]
Al-Khalid AVLB Armoured vehicle-launched bridge   China
  Pakistan
8 [37][33][18]
M48 AVLB Armoured vehicle-launched bridge   United States -- [88]
MVRDE M47M AVLB Armoured vehicle-launched bridge   United States
  Pakistan
-- [90]
AM 50B Bridge layer   Slovakia 4 [33]
MVRDE Trawl Anti-Mine Mine roller   Soviet Union
  Pakistan
53 Pakistani manufactured variant of the Soviet PT-55. In service as of 2001. [91] 53 additional systems manufactured between 2007 and 2009. [89][47]
MVRDE Dragon Mine plough   Pakistan -- [92]
Aardvark JSFU Mine flail   United Kingdom -- Mark III variant. [93][94]
Buffalo Explosives detection and disposal vehicle   United States 20 [95]
Type 84 Mine-laying rocket system   China -- Locally called Rocket Delivery Mine System (RDMS). [96]
Mine Dispensing System Mine dispenser   Pakistan 14 [97][33][18]

Air defenceEdit

Surface-to-air missilesEdit

Name Type Origin Quantity Notes
LY-80 Medium range SAM system   China 5 batteries Three regiments comprising 9 batteries ordered. [37][33] 5 batteries in service as of November 2018. [98]
FM-90 Short range SAM system   China -- [99]
RBS 70 MANPADS   Sweden 1711 missiles 913 Mk 1 [47], 85 Mk 2 and 713 Bolide Mk 2. [33][100][101] Used in MANPADS configuration, vehicle application includes RBS 70 VLM mounted on M113A2 APCs. [102]
FN-6 MANPADS   China 500 missiles [103][33]
Anza Mk-II MANPADS   China
  Pakistan
-- [104]
FIM-92 Stinger MANPADS   United States -- FIM-92A variant. [104]

Anti-aircraft gunsEdit

Name Type Calibre Origin Quantity Notes
Type 85 Heavy machine gun 12.7 mm   China -- [14]
Type 54 Heavy machine gun 12.7 mm   China -- [104] Manufactured by POF. [105]
Type 58
Type 56
Anti-aircraft gun 14.5 mm   China -- [104]
Oerlikon GDF Autocannon 35 mm    Switzerland 248 200 guns in service as of 2003. [106] 48 more acquired between 2006 and 2015. [107][31][37][33] GDF-005 variant. [108]
Type 55
Type 65
Anti-aircraft gun 37 mm   China 700 [104]
Type 59 Autocannon 57 mm   China -- [104]

RadarsEdit

Name Type Origin Quantity Notes
RASIT-E Ground surveillance radar   France -- [109]
SLC-2 Counter-battery radar   China -- [96]
AN/TPQ-36 Firefinder Counter-battery radar   United States -- [110]
IBIS-150 Air surveillance radar   China 5 12 radars ordered as part of LY-80 air defence system procurement program. [31][37] 5 LY-80 batteries in service as of November 2018. [98]
FM-90 ACU Acquisition radar   China -- [111]
Giraffe 40 Early warning radar   Sweden 6 [102][31]
LAADS Air surveillance radar   United States -- [112]
Skyguard Fire-control radar    Switzerland -- [112]
JY-27A Air surveillance   China -- [113]

Aircraft inventoryEdit

Fixed-wing aircraftEdit

Aircraft Role Origin Quantity Notes
Gulfstream G450 Business jet   United States 1 [114]
Bombardier Challenger 605 Business jet   Canada 1 [115]
Cessna 560 Citation V Business jet   United States 1 [116]
Cessna Citation Bravo Business jet   United States 1 [115]
Gulfstream Commander 690C Jetprop 840 Business jet / Utility aircraft   United States 2 [115][117]
Beechcraft King Air 350 Reconnaissance aircraft / Utility aircraft   United States 7 Includes 2 reconnaissance and 5 utility aircraft. [115]
Harbin Y-12 Utility aircraft   China 4 [115]
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan EX MEDEVAC aircraft / Utility aircraft   United States 7 [115] At least 2 aircraft are configured for medical evacuation. [118]
Cessna T206H Stationair MEDEVAC aircraft   United States 4 [118]
PAC MFI-17 Mushshak Basic trainer aircraft   Sweden 217 [115]

HelicoptersEdit

Aircraft Role Origin Quantity Notes
Bell AH-1Z Viper Attack helicopter   United States -- 12 helicopters on order. [119] Delivery uncertain. [120]
TAI/AgustaWestland T129B ATAK Attack helicopter   Turkey
  Italy
-- 30 (10 Phase I and 20 Phase II) helicopters on order. [121] Phase I aircraft will be upgraded to Phase II configuration in the final stage of the program. [122]
Mil Mi-35M Attack helicopter   Russia 4 [123] 5 additional helicopters on order. [124]
Bell AH-1F Cobra Attack helicopter   United States 48 [115]
Airbus H125M/AS550 C3 Fennec Armed scout helicopter   France 10 10 in service. [125][126] 8 additional helicopters to be delivered in April 2017. [127]
Mil Mi-17/171 Transport helicopter   Soviet Union 46 [115]
AgustaWestland AW139 Utility helicopter   Italy 5 [115]
Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma Utility helicopter   France 44 SA 330L and IAR 330L. [115][125][128]
Bell 412EP Scout helicopter / Utility helicopter   United States 34 [115][129]
Airbus H125/AS350 B3 Écureuil Utility helicopter   France 10 10 delivered in 2006. [125] 13 additional helicopters on order. [33][18]
Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama Utility helicopter   France 18 [115]
Aérospatiale Alouette III Utility helicopter   France 13 SA 316B and IAR 316B. [115][130][131]
Bell UH-1 Iroquois Utility helicopter   United States 1 [115] AB205 variant. [126]
Bell 206B JetRanger Liaison helicopter   United States 18 [115][132]
Enstrom 280FX Trainer helicopter   United States 4 [133]
Sikorsky S-300C Trainer helicopter   United States 24 [126]

Unmanned aerial vehiclesEdit

Aircraft Role Origin Notes
NESCOM Burraq Unmanned combat aerial vehicle   China
  Pakistan
[134]
GIDS Shahpar Unmanned aerial vehicle   China
  Pakistan
[134]
GIDS Uqab Unmanned aerial vehicle   Pakistan [135]
EMT Luna X-2000 Unmanned aerial vehicle   Germany [136]
SATUMA Salaar Miniature UAV   Pakistan [137]

Anti-tank guided missiles / Bunker-buster missilesEdit

Name Guidance Origin Quantity Notes
AGM-114R Hellfire II Laser-guided   United States -- Undisclosed number ordered as part of AH-1Z Viper attack helicopter procurement program. [138][139][140]
L-UMTAS Laser-guided   Turkey -- Undisclosed number ordered as part of T129B ATAK attack helicopter procurement program. [141]
BGM-71 TOW Wire-guided / Wireless RF-guided   United States 8189 3005 ITOW delivered in 1980s. [73][142][143][144] 2000 TOW-2A [145], 2769 TOW-2A RF and 415 TOW BB RF [146] acquired since 2004. [147] Used with AH-1F Cobra attack helicopters and M901 ITVs, TOW launchers also mounted on M113 APCs. [148]
Baktar-Shikan Wire-guided   China
  Pakistan
-- Used with AH-1F Cobra attack helicopters and Maaz tank destroyers, Baktar-Shikan launchers mounted on 4×4 vehicles. Also used by infantry. [148]
Kombat Laser beam riding   Ukraine -- Launched from 125 mm smooth bore guns mounted on MBTs. [149]
Burq Laser-guided   China
  Pakistan
-- Used with Burraq UCAV. [150]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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