Pafsanias Katsotas

Pafsanias Katsotas (Greek: Παυσανίας Κατσώτας, 1896–1991) was a Hellenic Army general and politician.

Major General

Pafsanias Katsotas
Katsotas 3 2018.jpg
Pafsanias Katsotas, photo from the family archives.
Native name
Παυσανίας Κατσώτας
Bornc. 1896
Stamna, Aetolia-Acarnania, Kingdom of Greece
Diedc. 1991
Athens, Third Hellenic Republic
Allegiance
Service/branch Hellenic Army
Years of service1916–1929
1940–1946
1949–1950
RankGR-Army-OF7-1937.svg Major General
Commands held1st Greek Infantry Brigade
Head of Central Greece Military Command
WarsGreco-Turkish War of 1919-1922
World War II Greek Civil War
AwardsGRE Order of George I - Member or Silver Cross BAR.png Order of George I
GRE Order of the Phoenix - Silver Cross BAR.png Order of the Phoenix
GRE Commander's Medal of Valour ribbon.svg Cross of Valour
GRE War Cross 1940 ribbon.svg War Cross
Alma materHellenic Military Academy
Other workMember of Parliament
Minister of Public Order
Minister of the Interior
Minister-Governor of Northern Greece
Mayor of Athens

BiographyEdit

Katsotas was born in the village of Stamna in Aetolia-Acarnania in 1896. He graduated from the Hellenic Army Academy in 1916 as an Infantry 2nd Lieutenant, and served in the Army until his voluntary retirement in 1929. Following the outbreak of the Greco-Italian War in 1940, he was recalled to service, and fought in the Albanian front as a regimental commanding officer with the rank of lieutenant colonel. Following the German invasion of Greece in April 1941, he fled the country and joined the forces of the Greek government in exile in the Middle East. He assumed command of the 1st Greek Infantry Brigade, with which he fought in the Second Battle of El Alamein.

 
Pafsanias Katsotas with Bernard Montgomery, El Alamein, 1942

After the liberation of Greece in 1944, he became Minister of Public Order in the short-lived cabinet of Panagiotis Kanellopoulos (November 1945),[1] and head of the Athens Military Command. He retired again in 1946, and ran successfully for a seat in the Hellenic Parliament in the March 1946 elections, representing his native Aetolia-Acarnania. In 1949, during the last stages of the Greek Civil War, he was again recalled to service and appointed as head of the Central Greece Military Command. He retired in 1950 with the rank of Major General.

He was again elected to Parliament in the March 1950 elections. He became Minister of the Interior in the cabinet of Sofoklis Venizelos (March–April 1950),[2] and Minister-Governor of Northern Greece in the Nikolaos Plastiras cabinet (May–August 1950).[3] In 1954, he was elected Mayor of Athens, a post he occupied with minor interruptions until 1959. In 1960, Katsotas founded his own political party, the "Labour-Technical Party" (Εργατοτεχνικό Κόμμα), which in 1961 joined Georgios Papandreou's Centre Union. In February–June 1964, Katsotas served as Minister of Social Welfare in Papandreou's cabinet.[4]

He last took part in the 1977 elections as part of the National Alignment ticket. Katsotas died in 1991.

AwardsEdit

Katsotas was decorated with the Grand Commander of the Order of George I and of the Order of the Phoenix with Swords. He also received the Gold Cross of Valour twice and the War Cross four times.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Κυβέρνησις ΠΑΝΑΓΙΩΤΟΥ ΚΑΝΕΛΛΟΠΟΥΛΟΥ (De Facto) - Από 1.11.1945 έως 22.11.1945" (in Greek). General Secretariat of the Government. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  2. ^ Κυβέρνησις ΣΟΦΟΚΛΕΟΥΣ ΒΕΝΙΖΕΛΟΥ - Από 23.3.1950 έως 15.4.1950 (in Greek). General Secretariat of the Government. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  3. ^ Κυβέρνησις ΝΙΚΟΛΑΟΥ ΠΛΑΣΤΗΡΑ - Από 15.4.1950 έως 21.8.1950 (in Greek). General Secretariat of the Government. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  4. ^ Κυβέρνησις ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΥ ΠΑΠΑΝΔΡΕΟΥ - Από 19.2.1964 έως 15.7.1965 (in Greek). General Secretariat of the Government. Retrieved 27 June 2012.