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Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 20 November 1977.[1] After Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis called for early elections, his New Democracy party suffered a significant loss of power. However, Karamanlis managed to secure an absolute majority in the Parliament. The big surprise was the success of PASOK, whose socialistic rhetoric remained radical. Because of PASOK's success, the Centrists (Union of the Democratic Centre, ΕDIK, former Center Union - New Forces) led again by Georgios Mavros lost half of their power. As a result, Andreas Papandreou, PASOK's leader, became a prominent figure in Greek politics. The Communists (Communist Party of Greece) and the Nationalists managed to amplify their support.

1977 Greek legislative election

← 1974 20 November 1977 1981 →

All 300 seats to the Greek Parliament
151 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  KaramanlisNatsinasAgora crop.jpg Andreas Papandreou.jpg
Leader Constantine Karamanlis Andreas Papandreou
Party ND PASOK
Leader since 4 October 1974 3 September 1974
Last election 220 seats, 54.37% 12 seats, 13.58%
Seats won 171 93
Seat change Decrease 49 Increase 81
Popular vote 2,146,365 1,300,025
Percentage 41.84% 25.34%
Swing Decrease 12.53% Increase 11.76%

  Third party Fourth party
  GEORGIOS MAVROS.jpg Charilaos Florakis.JPG
Leader Georgios Mavros Charilaos Florakis
Party EDIK KKE
Leader since 1974 1974
Last election 60 seats, 20.42% 8 seats, 9.47%
Seats won 16 11
Seat change Decrease 44 Increase 3
Popular vote 612,782 480,272
Percentage 11.95% 9.36%
Swing Decrease 8.47% Decrease 0.11%

Prime Minister before election

Constantine Karamanlis
ND

Subsequent Prime Minister

Constantine Karamanlis
ND

Future Prime Minister of Greece, Antonis Samaras first won a seat in parliament at this election.

ResultsEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
New Democracy (ND) 2,146,365 41.8 171 –49
Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) 1,300,025 25.3 93 +81
Union of the Democratic Centre (EDIK) 612,786 11.9 16 +16
Communist Party of Greece (KKE) 480,272 9.4 11
National Alignment (EP) 349,988 6.8 5 New
Progress and Left Forces Alliance 139,356 2.7 2
Party of New Liberals 55,494 1.1 2 New
Revolutionary Communist Movement of Greece (EKKE) 11,895 0.2 0 0
Popular Democratic Unity 8,839 0.2 0 New
EDE-Trotskyists 1,032 0.0 0 New
Hellenic Christian-Social Union 777 0.0 0 New
Communist ORganisation "Fighter" 321 0.0 0 New
Labour-Agricultural Party of Greece 170 0.0 0 New
Farmer Smoke-Producers Party 84 0.0 0 New
Olympic Democracy 19 0.0 0 New
Independents 22,348 0.4 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 64,120
Total 5,193,891 100 300 0
Registered voters/turnout 6,403,738 81.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
ND
41.84%
PASOK
25.34%
EDIK
11.95%
KKE
9.36%
EP
6.82%
SPAD
2.72%
Others
1.97%
Parliament seats
ND
57.00%
PASOK
31.00%
EDIK
5.33%
KKE
3.67%
EP
1.67%
SPAD
0.67%
Others
0.67%

AftermathEdit

In 1979 Greece became European Community's 10th member, despite the opposition of PASOK and the Communists. In October 1980 Greece rejoined NATO military structure. In 1980, Constantine Karamanlis succeeded Constantine Tsatsos as President of the Republic. George Rallis became Prime Minister and new leader of ND.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7