Padaung language

Padaung or Padaung Karen, also known as Kayan, is a Karen language of Burma, spoken by the Kayan people.

Padaung
Kayan
Native toBurma
EthnicityKayan people
Native speakers
130,000 (2005)[1]
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3pdu
Glottologkaya1315[2]

DistributionEdit

Internal classificationEdit

The Kayan languages are spoken in Kayah State, southern Shan State, and northern Karen State. There are four branches according to Shintani (2016)[3], namely:[4]

  • Kangan ("lowland dwellers")
  • Kakhaung ("highland dwellers")
  • Lawi ("South")
  • Latha ("North")

Nangki (sometimes called Langki), documented in Shintani (2016), is one of the Kayan languages belonging to the Kakhaung subgroup. It is spoken only in one village.

Pekong Kayan is documented in Manson (2010).

Sonkan Kayan and Dosanbu Kayan are documented in Shintani (2018a, b).[5][6]

Dimawso Kayan, a similar Kayan variety spoken in Wanbanbalo village, Dimawso township, Kayah State, Myanmar, is described in Lew (2018).[7]

Ethnologue lists Padaung (Kayan) dialects as:

  • Standard Pekon (prestige dialect)
  • Kayan Lahwi
  • Kayan Kangan (Yeinbaw, Yinbaw)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Padaung at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kayan Lahwi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Shintani Tadahiko. 2016. The Nangki language. Linguistic survey of Tay cultural area (LSTCA) no. 109. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).
  4. ^ Shintani Tadahiko. 2015. The Kadaw language. Linguistic survey of Tay cultural area (LSTCA) no. 106. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).
  5. ^ Shintani Tadahiko. 2018. The Sonkan Kayan language. Linguistic survey of Tay cultural area (LSTCA) no. 118. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).
  6. ^ Shintani Tadahiko. 2018. The Dosanbu Kayan language. Linguistic survey of Tay cultural area (LSTCA) no. 120. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).
  7. ^ Lew, Sigrid (2018). Preliminary phonology of Dimawso Kayan, Myanmar. Paper presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, held May 17-19, 2018 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.