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Pyinmana (Burmese: ပျဉ်းမနားမြို့; MLCTS: pyanymana: mrui., IPA: [pjɪ̀ɴməná mjo̰]; population: 100,000 (2006 estimate)) is a logging town and sugarcane refinery center in the Naypyidaw Union Territory of Myanmar. The administrative capital of Myanmar was officially moved to a militarized greenfield site (which the leader, Than Shwe, dubbed Naypyidaw, or Royal City) two miles (3.2 km) west of Pyinmana on November 6, 2005. Pyinmana is approximately 200 miles (320 km) north of Yangon. The village of Yezin, a few miles north and east of Pyinmana, has been the site of national scientific research institutions since the late 1970s.

Pyinmana

ပျဉ်းမနားမြို့
Town
Pyinmana is located in Myanmar
Pyinmana
Pyinmana
Location of Pyinmana, Myanmar (Burma)
Coordinates: 19°45′N 96°12′E / 19.750°N 96.200°E / 19.750; 96.200
Country Myanmar
DivisionNaypyidaw Union Territory
Population
 (2006 est.)
 • Total100,000
 • Ethnicities
Bamar, Burmese Indians, Kayin
 • Religions
Theravada Buddhism, Islam
Time zoneUTC+6.30 (MST)

During World War II, Pyinmana was the base of the Burma Independence Army (later renamed and reorganized into the Burma Defence Army by the Japanese).[1] It was in Pyinmana that the army and its officers were trained. Later the Burma National Army changed sides, aiding the Allies with guerrilla warfare, and the operations were seen as a victory by the Burmese. Pyinmana became an icon in the Burmese Army where it was seen as the place where 'superior invaders' were defeated by the Burmese. This may be one of the reasons why the current junta chose to locate the newly built capital Naypyidaw in such close proximity to Pyinmana.

Contents

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Pyinmana (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.5
(88.7)
34.4
(93.9)
37.2
(99.0)
38.7
(101.7)
36.0
(96.8)
32.4
(90.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.3
(88.3)
32.5
(90.5)
33.2
(91.8)
31.8
(89.2)
30.5
(86.9)
33.4
(92.1)
Average low °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
16.4
(61.5)
20.4
(68.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.3
(75.7)
24.0
(75.2)
23.9
(75.0)
23.9
(75.0)
23.3
(73.9)
20.2
(68.4)
16.0
(60.8)
21.3
(70.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 2.2
(0.09)
5.0
(0.20)
3.9
(0.15)
36.3
(1.43)
156.5
(6.16)
209.1
(8.23)
227.7
(8.96)
263.0
(10.35)
177.0
(6.97)
167.0
(6.57)
50.4
(1.98)
4.8
(0.19)
1,302.9
(51.30)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[2]

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ McGirk, Jan (November 8, 2005). Burma's rulers take the road to Mandalay. The Independent.
  2. ^ "Myanmar Climate Report" (PDF). Norwegian Meteorological Institute. pp. 23–36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.

Coordinates: 19°45′N 96°12′E / 19.750°N 96.200°E / 19.750; 96.200