Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages

Pacific Coast Athabaskan is a geographical and possibly genealogical grouping of the Athabaskan language family.

Pacific Coast Athabascan
California, Oregon
Linguistic classificationDené–Yeniseian?
  • California
  • Oregon

California AthabaskanEdit

1. Hupa (dining'-xine:wh, a.k.a. Hoopa-Chilula)
- tse:ning-xwe
- tł'oh-mitah-xwe
  • Chilula-Whilkut
- Chilula
- Whilkut
2. Mattole–Bear River - extinct
3. Wailaki ("Eel River", spoken by the Eel River Athapaskan peoples) - extinct
  • Sinkyone
  • Wailaki
  • Nongatl
  • Lassik
4. Cahto (a.k.a. Kato) (sometimes included in Eel River) - extinct

Often the Mattole and Wailaki-speaking groups together are called Southern Athapaskans. Their languages were similar to each other, but differed from the northern California tribes whose languages were also part of the Athapaskan family. They are not to be confused with the Apachean peoples (the Apache and Navajo) - also known as Southern Athabascans - of the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico, who speak the Southern Athabaskan languages.

Oregon AthabaskanEdit

5. Upper Umpqua (a.k.a. Etnemitane)
6. Lower Rogue River (a.k.a. Tututni, Coquille)
  • Upper Coquille
- Coquille (a.k.a. Mishikwutinetunne)
- Flores Creek (a.k.a. Kosotshe, Kusu'me, Lukkarso)
  • Tututni
- Tututunne
- Naltunnetunne
- Mikwunutunne (a.k.a. Mikonotunne)
- Joshua (a.k.a. Chemetunne)
- Sixes (a.k.a. Kwatami)
- Pistol River (a.k.a. Chetleshin)
- Wishtenatin (a.k.a. Khwaishtunnetunnne)
  • Euchre Creek (a.k.a. Yukichetunne)
  • Chasta Costa (a.k.a. Illinois River, Chastacosta, Chasta Kosta)
7. Upper Rogue River (a.k.a. Galice–Applegate)
  • Galice (a.k.a. Taltushtuntede)
  • Applegate (a.k.a. Nabiltse, Dakubetede)
8. Tolowa
  • Chetco
  • Smith River (a.k.a. Tolowa)
  • Siletz Dee-ni (modern Chetco-Tolowa variant with word from Chasta Costa, Applegate, Galice, Rogue River, and other members of the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians)



  • See: Athabaskan languages#Bibliography
  • Don Macnaughtan. "Oregon Athapaskan Languages: Bibliography of the Athapaskan Languages of Oregon". Retrieved 2018-05-30.