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The Order of the Aztec Eagle (Spanish: Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca) forms part of the Mexican Honours System and is the highest Mexican order awarded to foreigners in the country.

Order of the Aztec Eagle
Placa Orden Aguila Azteca AEAcoll.jpg
The Order of the Aztec Eagle (Star)
Awarded by  Mexico
TypeOrder
Established1933; 86 years ago (1933)
Awarded forServices given to Mexico or to humankind
StatusCurrently awarded
GradesChain
Sash, Special Class
Sash
Commander
Officer
Award
MEX Orden del Aguila Azteca 2011 Insignia BAR.svg
Ribbon of the Order of the Aztec Eagle

Contents

HistoryEdit

It was created by decree on December 29, 1933 by President Abelardo L. Rodríguez as a reward to the services given to Mexico or humankind by foreigners. It corresponds to similar distinctions given to Mexican citizens such as the Condecoración Miguel Hidalgo or the Belisario Domínguez Medal of Honor. It is given by the office of the foreign minister on the instructions of a Council established for this purpose headed by the President.

DesignEdit

There is some design similarity of the order with the coat of arms of Mexico, particularly the golden eagle holding a rattlesnake, which is associated with the Aztec civilization.

ClassesEdit

Since 2011Edit

Since the reform of March 2011,[1] the classes are :

  1.   Collar ("Collar"), awarded to heads of state;
  2.   Sash of Special Category ("Banda en Categoría Especial"), awarded to prime ministers and heads of government, hereditary princes(ses), consorts of heads of state, or to people whose category is tantamount to the previous;
  3.   Sash ("Banda"), awarded to government ministers, secretaries, members of royal families, ambassadors, or individuals whose category is tantamount to the previous;
  4.   Plaque ("Placa"), awarded to government undersecretaries, plenipotentiary ministers, consuls general, brigadier generals, rear admirals, as well to those whose category is tantamount to the previous;
  5.   Venera (a type of insignia), awarded to ad hoc business representatives, colonels and lieutenant colonels, captains of a ship, equivalent servants of embassies in Mexico, as well to those whose category is tantamount to the previous;
  6.   Insignia, awarded to ad interim business representatives and other members of diplomatic missions; captain, navy lieutenant, as well to those whose category is tantamount to the previous and to those cases the Council considers pertinent.

All grades except the collar may be awarded, under the Council's discretion, to distinguished foreigners.

Before 2011Edit

Prior to the 2011 reform, the classes were, in descending order:

  1.   Collar ("Collar"), awarded to heads of state;
  2.   Grand Cross ("Cruz"), awarded to prime ministers and heads of government
  3.   Sash ("Banda"), awarded to government ministers, secretaries and ambassadors
  4.   Medal ("Medalla"), awarded to government undersecretaries, plenipotentiary ministers, as well to those whose category is tantamount to the previous;
  5.   Placard ("Placa"), awarded to ad hoc business representatives, colonels and lieutenant colonels, captains of a ship, equivalent servants of embassies in Mexico), as well to those whose category is tantamount to the previous;
  6.   Venera (a type of insignia), awarded to ad interim business representatives and other members of diplomatic missions;
  7.   Insignia proper, awarded under the Council's discretion; and
  8.   Honorable Mention ("Mención Honorífica").

Notable recipientsEdit

RoyaltyEdit

Name Class Nationality Year Appointed Reference
Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia Collar   Ethiopian Empire 1954
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Collar   United Kingdom 1964
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Collar   United Kingdom 1973
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester Sash; Sash of Special Category   United Kingdom 1974; 2015
Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent Grand Cross   United Kingdom
Emperor Mohammed Reza of Iran Collar   Imperial State of Iran 1975
King Olav V of Norway Grand Cross   Norway [2]
King Juan Carlos I of Spain Collar   Spain
Queen Sofía of Spain Grand Cross, Special Class   Spain
Emperor Akihito of Japan Collar   Japan
King Albert II of Belgium Collar   Belgium [3]
King Carl Gustaf XVI of Sweden Collar   Sweden 2004
King Mohammed VI of Morocco Collar   Morocco 2005 [4]
Queen Margrethe II of Denmark Collar   Denmark 2008 [5]
Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark Grand Cross, Special Class   Denmark 2008 [6]
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands Collar   Netherlands 2009 [7]
King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands Sash   Netherlands 2009 [8]
Queen Máxima of the Netherlands Sash   Netherlands 2009 [9]
Felipe VI of Spain Sash (1996); Collar (2015)   Spain 1996; 2015 [10]
Queen Letizia of Spain Sash (2008); Sash, Special Class (2015)   Spain 2008; 2015 [11][12]
Charles, Prince of Wales Sash of Special Class   United Kingdom 2015 [13]
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall Sash   United Kingdom 2015 [13]
Prince Andrew, Duke of York Sash   United Kingdom 2015 [13]
Sophie, Countess of Wessex Sash   United Kingdom 2015 [13]
Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester Sash   United Kingdom 2015 [13]
Crown Prince Frederik Sash of Special Class   Denmark 2016 [14]
Crown Princess Mary Sash   Denmark 2016 [14]
Prince Joachim of Denmark Sash   Denmark 2016 [14]
Princess Marie of Denmark Sash   Denmark 2016 [14]
Princess Benedikte of Denmark Sash   Denmark 2016 [14]
Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Collar   Kuwait 2016 [15]
King Salman of Saudi Arabia Collar   Saudi Arabia 2016 [16]

PresidentsEdit

PoliticiansEdit

OtherEdit

GalleryEdit


Additional sourcesEdit

  • Mexican Chamber of Deputies[27]
  • Olvera Ayes, David A. "La Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca - Apuntes para su Historia". Cuadernos del Cronista. México, 2011

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Reform text (Spanish)
  2. ^ "The Decorations of King Olav". The Royal House of Norway. January 18, 2005. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  3. ^ Carnet Mondain, p. 2 ed. 2005
  4. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga a Su Majestad Mohammed VI Rey de Marruecos, la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca en el grado de Collar". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. July 2, 2005. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  5. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga a Su Majestad Margrethe II Reina de Dinamarca, la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca en el grado de Collar". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. February 13, 2008. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  6. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga a Su Alteza Real Henrik Príncipe Consorte de Dinamarca, la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca en el grado de Banda". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. February 13, 2008. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  7. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga a Su Majestad Beatrix Reina de los Países Bajos, la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca en el grado de Collar". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. November 2, 2009. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  8. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga a Su Alteza Real Willem-Alexander Claus Príncipe de Orange, la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca en el grado de Banda". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. November 2, 2009. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  9. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga a Su Alteza Real Doña Máxima Princesa de los Países Bajos, la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca en el grado de Banda". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. November 2, 2009. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  10. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca, en grado de Collar, a Su Majestad Don Felipe VI, Rey de España". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. June 29, 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  11. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga a Su Alteza Real, la Princesa de Asturias, Doña Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano, la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca en el grado de Banda". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. June 11, 2008. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  12. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca, en grado de Banda en Categoría Especial, a Su Majestad Doña Letizia, Reina de España". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. June 29, 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d e "TRH THE PRINCE OF WALES AND THE DUCHESS OF CORNWALL AWARDED WITH THE MEXICAN ORDER OF THE AZTEC EAGLE". Official website of the Mexican Embassy in the United Kingdom. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d e "Acuerdo por el que se otorga la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca a cinco ciudadanos del Reino de Dinamarca". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. April 8, 2006. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  15. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca, en grado de Collar, a Su Alteza Jeque Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir del Estado de Kuwait". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. November 7, 2006. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  16. ^ "Acuerdo por el que se otorga la Condecoración de la Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca, en grado de Collar, al Custodio de las Dos Santas Mezquitas, Rey Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Rey de Arabia Saudita". Diario Oficial de le Federación. Secretaría de Gobernación de México. January 15, 2016. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  17. ^ "Benoît Hamon, grand aigle aztèque et "fier" de l'être". LCI. November 6, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  18. ^ "- Awards/ Special Honours". Placidodomingo.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  19. ^ [1] Archived May 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ The Mexican Pamphlet Collection, 1605-1888 - Sutro Library
  21. ^ "Mario Vargas Llosa: Mexico me abre los brazos en vez de censurarme". Mexico.cnn.com. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  22. ^ "DOF - Diario Oficial de la Federación". Dof.gob.mx. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  23. ^ "Mexico Welcomes Rick Bayless into the Order of the Aztec Eagle". Food & Wine. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  24. ^ Obituary: The New York Times, 21 February 1970
  25. ^ Exteriores, Secretaría de Relaciones. "Stuart Gulliver, Group Chief Executive of HSBC Holdings, Decorated with the Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle". gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-11-16.
  26. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2018/11/27/world/americas/ap-lt-mexico-kushner-medal.html
  27. ^ "LEY DE PREMIOS, ESTÍMULOS Y RECOMPENSAS CIVILES : Nueva Ley publicada en el Diario Oficial de la Federación el 31 de diciembre de 1975" (PDF) (in Spanish). Diputados.gob.mx. 18 December 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 April 2014.

External linksEdit