Oras, Eastern Samar

Oras (Tagalog pronunciation: [oˈras][5]), officially the Municipality of Oras (Waray: Bungto han Oras; Tagalog: Bayan ng Oras), is a 3rd class[6] municipality in the province of Eastern Samar, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 37,451 people. [3]

Oras
Municipality of Oras
Map of Eastern Samar with Oras highlighted
Map of Eastern Samar with Oras highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Oras is located in Philippines
Oras
Oras
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°08′29″N 125°26′21″E / 12.1414°N 125.4392°E / 12.1414; 125.4392Coordinates: 12°08′29″N 125°26′21″E / 12.1414°N 125.4392°E / 12.1414; 125.4392
CountryPhilippines
RegionEastern Visayas
ProvinceEastern Samar
District Lone district
Barangays42 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRoy C. Ador
 • Vice MayorAdolfo A. Mugas
 • RepresentativeMaria Fe R. Abunda
 • Councilors
List
 • Electorate26,487 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total188.7 km2 (72.9 sq mi)
Elevation
19 m (62 ft)
Highest elevation
138 m (453 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total37,451
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
 • Households
8,871
DemonymOrasnon
Economy
 • Income class3rd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence55.22% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱144,197,582.85 (2020)
 • Assets₱214,421,065.84 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱177,807,174.62 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱81,223,546.53 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityEastern Samar Electric Cooperative (ESAMELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6802
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)55
Native languagesWaray
Tagalog

HistoryEdit

In 1948, San Policarpo was created from the barrios of San Policarpo, Bahay, Alugan, Pangpang, Japonan, Tabo, Binogawan and Cajag-wayan, which used to belong to Oras.[7] The territory of Oras was further reduced two years later, when Arteche was created from the barrios of San Ramon, Carapdapan, Beri, Tangbo, Catumsan, Bego, Concepcion, Casidman, Tawagan, and Tibalawon.[8]

In 1952, the sitios of Trinidad, Tula, Pota, Palao, Sinalo-an, Tamse-on, Cagmalobago, and Maycorot, in the barrio of Agsam, were separated from said barrio and created into the barrio of Trinidad.[9] In the same year, Santa Monica was transferred to the town of San Policarpo.[10]

GeographyEdit

BarangaysEdit

Oras is politically subdivided into 42 barangays.[11]

  • Agsam
  • Bagacay
  • Balingasag
  • Balocawe (Poblacion)
  • Bantayan
  • Batang
  • Bato
  • Binalayan
  • Buntay
  • Burak
  • Butnga (Poblacion)
  • Cadian
  • Cagdine
  • Cagpile
  • Cagtoog
  • Camanga (Poblacion)
  • Dalid
  • Dao
  • Factoria
  • Gamot
  • Iwayan
  • Japay
  • Kalaw
  • Mabuhay
  • Malingon
  • Minap-os
  • Nadacpan
  • Naga
  • Pangudtan
  • Paypayon (Poblacion)
  • Riverside (Poblacion)
  • Rizal
  • Sabang
  • San Eduardo
  • Santa Monica
  • Saugan
  • Saurong
  • Tawagan (Poblacion)
  • Tiguib (Poblacion)
  • Trinidad (Maycorot)
  • Alang-alang
  • San Roque (Poblacion)

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Oras, Eastern Samar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(83)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 97
(3.8)
64
(2.5)
69
(2.7)
58
(2.3)
98
(3.9)
161
(6.3)
167
(6.6)
140
(5.5)
158
(6.2)
171
(6.7)
169
(6.7)
154
(6.1)
1,506
(59.3)
Average rainy days 17.1 13.4 14.8 15.2 21.1 25.2 26.8 25.4 25.5 26.5 23.0 20.3 254.3
Source: Meteoblue[12]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Oras
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 10,429—    
1918 12,066+0.98%
1939 20,962+2.66%
1948 19,300−0.91%
1960 20,198+0.38%
1970 21,217+0.49%
1975 23,162+1.77%
1980 27,031+3.14%
1990 26,978−0.02%
1995 31,533+2.97%
2000 31,315−0.15%
2007 31,745+0.19%
2010 34,760+3.36%
2015 36,540+0.96%
2020 37,451+0.49%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[13][14][15][16]

The population of Oras in the 2020 census was 37,451 people, [3] with a density of 200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 520 inhabitants per square mile.

EconomyEdit


EducationEdit

Oras has 39 public elementary schools, 5 public high schools, and 1 private high school.[24]

ElementaryEdit

  • Agsam Elementary School
  • Alang-alang Primary School
  • Anacta Primary School
  • Bagacay Elementary School
  • Balingasag Elementary School
  • Balocawe Elementary School
  • Bantayan Elementary School
  • Batang Elementary School
  • Bato Primary School
  • Binalayan Elementary School
  • Buntay Elementary School
  • Burak Elementary School
  • Cadi-an Elementary School
  • Cagdine Elementary School
  • Cagpile Elementary School
  • Cagtoog Elementary School
  • Dalid Elementary School
  • Dao Integrated School
  • Factoria Elementary School
  • Gamot Elementary School
  • Iwayan Elementary School
  • Japay Elementary School
  • Kalaw Elementary School
  • Mabuhay Elementary School
  • Malingon Elementary School
  • Minap-os Elementary School
  • Nadacpan Elementary School
  • Naga Elementary School
  • Oras East Central Elementary School
  • Oras West Central Elementary School
  • Pangudtan Elementary School
  • Rizal Elementary School
  • Sabang Elementary School
  • San Eduardo Elementary School
  • Saugan Elementary School
  • Saurong Elementary School
  • Sta. Monica Integrated School
  • Tawagan Elementary School
  • Trinidad Elementary School

SecondaryEdit

  • Holy Cross Academy - Brgy. Butnga
  • Nicasio M. Alvarez II Memorial National High School - Brgy. San Eduardo
  • Nicasio M. Alvarez II Memorial National High School (Sta. Monica Annex) - Brgy. Sta. Monica
  • Oras National Agro-Industrial School - Brgy. Cadi-an
  • Oras National High School - Brgy. San Roque
  • Oras National High School (Dao Annex) - Brgy. Dao

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Oras | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ The name of this municipality is pronounced aw-RAHS, enunciated quickly with the primary stress on the second syllable. This should not to be confused with the Filipino word oras ("time"), which is pronounced AW-ruhs, enunciated in moderate speed with the primary stress at the first syllable.
  6. ^ Department of Finance – Bureau of Local Government Finance - LGU Income Classification Per DOF Order No. 23-08, dated July 29, 2008. publisher: Department of Finance. Retrieved 6 December 2022.
  7. ^ "An act creating the municipality of San Policarpo in the province of Samar". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-08.
  8. ^ "An act creating the barrio of Arteche, province of Samar into a municipality". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  9. ^ "An Act Creating the Barrio of Trinidad in the Municipality of Oras, Province of Samar". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  10. ^ "An Act Transferring the Barrio of Santa Monica (tubabao), Municipality of Oras to the Municipality of San Policarpo All in the Province of Samar". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  11. ^ "Province: Eastern Samar". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Oras, Eastern Samar: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  13. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  14. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  15. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  16. ^ "Province of Eastern Samar". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  17. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  22. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  23. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  24. ^ "Education and Training | Province of Eastern Samar". Retrieved 2022-12-06.

External linksEdit