Obscured by Clouds
Obscured by Clouds is the seventh studio album by the English progressive rock band Pink Floyd, released on 2 June 1972 by Harvest and Capitol Records. It is based on their soundtrack for the French film La Vallée, by Barbet Schroeder. It was recorded in two sessions in France, while they were in the midst of touring, and produced by the band members.
|Obscured by Clouds|
|Studio album / Soundtrack album by|
|Released||2 June 1972|
|Recorded||23–29 February and 23 March–6 April 1972|
|Studio||Strawberry Studios, Château d'Hérouville, Hérouville, Île-de-France, France; mixed at Morgan Studios, London|
|Pink Floyd chronology|
|Singles from Obscured by Clouds|
The album is noticeably shorter than some of their previous material, and makes heavy use of the acoustic guitar. Lyrically, the songs center around love, a common theme in the film it was inspired by. The album's only single, "Free Four", was released in the US only.
Obscured by Clouds is often seen as a stopgap for the band, who had started work on their next album, The Dark Side of the Moon (1973). The resulting work is often overlooked in the band canon, primarily because of the success of their later material. Nevertheless, the album reached number six in the UK and number 46 in the US, and retrospective opinions from both fans and critics have been positive, with some critics noting the similarities to their later material.
By 1972, Pink Floyd had recorded the soundtracks to the films The Committee (1968) and More (1969), and to part of Zabriskie Point (1970). On the back of More's success, its director Barbet Schroeder asked the band to record the soundtrack of his next major project as and when it arrived. The new film, La Vallée, featured two travellers on a spiritual quest in New Guinea, and Schroeder thought Pink Floyd would be suitable to provide the music. The group had already started working on another album, The Dark Side of the Moon, including some basic recording and live performances, but took two breaks to Strawberry Studios, Château d'Hérouville, France, either side of a Japanese tour, to write and record music for the film. The album was then mixed from 4–6 April at Morgan Sound Studios in London.
As they had done on More, the band saw a rough cut of the film and noted certain timings for cues with a stopwatch. From this, they created a number of pieces that they felt could be cross-faded at various points in the final cut of the film. They were not worried about creating complete songs, feeling that any musical piece would be workable without the need for any solos, but nevertheless, under pressure to produce enough material, they managed to create a whole series of well-structured songs. Drummer Nick Mason recalls that the sessions were very hurried, and the band spent most of the time in Paris locked away in the studio.
During the first recording session in February 1972, the French television station ORTF filmed a short segment of the band recording the album, including interviews with bassist Roger Waters and guitarist David Gilmour. In a snippet of interview footage at Abbey Road Studios that appeared in the 1974 theatrical version (later released on VHS and Laserdisc and subsequent "Director's Cut" DVD) of Pink Floyd: Live at Pompeii, Waters said that early UK pressings of the album contained excessive sibilance.
After recording had finished, the band fell out with the film company, prompting them to release the soundtrack album as Obscured by Clouds, rather than La Vallée. In response, the film was retitled La Vallée (Obscured by Clouds) on its release.
The songs on Obscured by Clouds are all short and economical, in contrast to the lengthy instrumentals found on other Floyd albums. A strong country music influence was present on several tracks, with prominent use of acoustic guitar. The album also featured the VCS 3 synthesizer, which Wright had purchased from the BBC Radiophonic Workshop.
The title track made prominent use of the VCS 3, and featured Mason playing electronic drums. The following track, "When You're In" is similar in style; its title came from a phrase said by roadie Chris Adamson. The two pieces were played back-to-back live in late 1972 and on the 1973 tours. They were also part of the set used for the group's collaboration with Roland Petit and the Ballet National de Marseille at the Palais de Sports, Paris, in early 1973.
"Burning Bridges" was one of two songwriting collaborations on the album between keyboardist Richard Wright (who wrote the music) and Waters (who wrote the lyrics). "Wot's... Uh the Deal?" was a straightforward acoustic piece. It was never performed live by Pink Floyd, but Gilmour resurrected the piece for his solo tour in 2006. One of these performances features on Gilmour's 2007 DVD Remember That Night and also the vinyl version of his 2008 live album, Live in Gdańsk.
"Childhood's End" was the last song Pink Floyd released to have lyrics written by Gilmour until the release of A Momentary Lapse of Reason in 1987. The title may have been derived from the Arthur C. Clarke novel of the same name. It was performed live at a few gigs in late 1972 and early the following year; the drum pattern opening the track was recycled for "Time" on The Dark Side of the Moon.
"Free Four" was the first Pink Floyd song since "See Emily Play" to attract significant airplay in the US, and the second (after "Corporal Clegg" from A Saucerful of Secrets) to deal with the death of Waters' father during World War II. The title is derived from the count-in "One, two, 'free, four!", spoken in a Cockney accent. The track was released as a single in the US, as the band felt it was suitable for AM radio.
Release and receptionEdit
|Christgau's Record Guide||C|
|The Daily Telegraph|||
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
The album's cover was, like several other Pink Floyd albums, designed by Storm Thorgerson and Aubrey Powell of Hipgnosis. It consists of a photograph of a man sitting in a tree which has been taken out of focus to the point of complete distortion. Hipgnosis viewed a number of stills from the film on a 35mm projector, and liked the visual effect when the slide jammed. Schroeder later said the band did not want to make the cover particularly good as The Dark Side of the Moon would have to compete with it, but Thorgerson insisted it was given proper consideration like any other Floyd album.
Obscured by Clouds was released in the UK on 2 June 1972 and then in the United States on 15 June 1972, both on Harvest. The album reached number one in France, number six on the UK Albums Chart, and number 46 on the US albums chart (where it was certified Gold by the RIAA in 1997). In 1986, the album was released on CD. A digitally remastered CD was released in March 1996 in the UK and August 1996 in the US. It was remixed in 2016 for the Early Years box set, and released individually the following year.
The album has been overlooked by fans and critics as it was overshadowed by The Dark Side of the Moon, released less than a year later, but Mason has said it is one of his favourite Floyd albums. Retrospective critical reception has been mixed; The Daily Telegraph said "its elegant instrumentals point the way to Dark Side", while Rolling Stone said it was a "dull film soundtrack".
|1.||"Obscured by Clouds"||Gilmour, Waters||Instrumental||3:03|
|2.||"When You're In"||Gilmour, Waters, Wright, Mason||Instrumental||2:18|
|3.||"Burning Bridges"||Wright, Waters||Gilmour, Wright||3:29|
|4.||"The Gold It's in the..."||Gilmour, Waters||Gilmour||3:07|
|5.||"Wot's... Uh the Deal?"||Gilmour, Waters||Gilmour||5:08|
|4.||"Absolutely Curtains"||Gilmour, Waters, Wright, Mason||Instrumental, chant by Mapuga tribe||5:52|
(all personnel uncredited on the original sleeve)
- David Gilmour – acoustic, electric and pedal steel guitars, EMS VCS 3, vocals
- Nick Mason – drums, percussion
- Roger Waters – bass guitar, vocals
- Richard Wright – Hammond organ, Farfisa organ, piano, EMS VCS 3, electric piano, vocals
- Hipgnosis – album cover
Charts and certificationsEdit
Certifications and salesEdit
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- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Pink Floyd: Obscured by Clouds". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 0-89919-025-1. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
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- Mabbett 2010, p. 113.
- "Infodisc – Pink Floyd – Obscured By Clouds". www.infodisc.fr. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
- "Pink Floyd | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
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- "French album certifications – Pink Floyd – Obscured by Clouds" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- "British album certifications – Pink Floyd – Obscured by Clouds". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 9 June 2016. Select albums in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type Obscured by Clouds in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
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- Manning, Toby (2006). "The Albums". The Rough Guide to Pink Floyd (1st ed.). London: Rough Guides. ISBN 1-84353-575-0.
- Mason, Nick (2004). "There Is No Dark Side". Inside Out: A Personal History of Pink Floyd (New ed.). Widenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-84387-7.
- Povey, Glenn (2006). "Playing Different Tunes 1972–1973". Echoes : The Complete History of Pink Floyd (New ed.). Mind Head Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9554624-0-5.
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