Coordinates: 46°14′N 7°39′E / 46.233°N 7.650°E / 46.233; 7.650 The Oberaargau is the region that encompasses the upper watershed of the Aar River in the canton of Bern in Switzerland. On the north, lie the Jura Mountains, and on the south the hills leading to the Emmental.

Administratively, the Oberaargau forms a district within the region Emmental-Oberaargau of the canton of Bern. Historically (until 2009), the Oberaargau comprised the two administrative districts of Wangen and Aarwangen.

GeographyEdit

It lies in the extreme northeast corner of the canton and includes the districts of Aarwangen and Wangen, and part of the district of Trachselwald. It is surrounded by the cantons of Solothurn, Aargau, and Lucerne. It is connected to the rest of the canton of Bern only in the south, where it borders on the Emmenthal.

The Oberaargau lies on the Swiss Plateau between the large population centers of Bern and Zürich and has therefore become a major thoroughfare for traffic running both east and west and north and south. The Aar River traverses it from west to east, and the primary motorway of Switzerland (the A1) and the main Bern-Zürich railway run through it, making it a central transport region.

The primary city is Langenthal, and the towns of Herzogenbuchsee, Wangen, and Aarwangen are important transportation centers. Since the building of the motorway, the primary economic development has taken place in the north, at the foot of the Jura Mountains, particularly in the towns of Wiedlisbach and Niederbipp.

The highest point in the Oberaargaus is the Höllchöpfli in the municipality of Rumisberg, at 1231 meters, and the lowest point is on the Aare at Wynau, at 405 meters.

Administrative districtEdit

Oberaargau District
Verwaltungskreis Oberaargau
District
 
Country  Switzerland
Canton  Bern
CapitalWangen an der Aare
Area
 • Total331.04 km2 (127.82 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total82,472
 • Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Municipalities44

The Oberaargau District in the Canton of Bern was created on 1 January 2010.[1] It is part of the Emmental-Oberaargau administrative region and includes 45 municipalities over an area of (based on the 2004/09/16 survey) of 331.04 km2 (127.82 sq mi), [a] and as of 31 December 2020, 82,472 residents.[3]

Border Name Population
(31 December 2020)[3]
Area in km2[2]
  Aarwangen 4,638 9.9
  Attiswil 1,532 7.65
  Auswil 448 4.62
  Bannwil 676 4.78
  Berken 44 1.39
  Bettenhausen 642 3.94
  Bleienbach 734 5.69
  Busswil bei Melchnau 177 2.86
  Eriswil 1,358 11.34
  Farnern 227 3.68
  Gondiswil 711 9.4
  Graben 336 3.16
  Heimenhausen 1,136 5.84
  Herzogenbuchsee 7,293 9.82
  Huttwil 5,009 17.24
  Inkwil 628 3.38
  Langenthal 15,544 21.13
  Lotzwil 2,663 6.22
  Madiswil 3,284 23.17
  Melchnau 1,488 10.27
  Niederbipp 5,097 19.77
  Niederönz 1,691 2.79
  Oberbipp 1,753 8.45
  Ochlenberg 563 9.9
  Oeschenbach 220 3.92
  Reisiswil 173 2.01
  Roggwil 4,176 7.84
  Rohrbach 1,520 4.08
  Rohrbachgraben 390 6.46
  Rumisberg 491 5.14
  Rütschelen 564 3.98
  Schwarzhäusern 533 3.79
  Seeberg 1,559 16.8
  Thörigen 1,156 4.55
  Thunstetten 3,458 9.66
  Ursenbach 881 9.9
  Walliswil bei Niederbipp 227 9.9
  Walliswil bei Wangen 604 9.9
  Walterswil 540 7.87
  Wangen an der Aare 2,377 5.22
  Wangenried 407 2.91
  Wiedlisbach 2,382 7.5
  Wynau 1,624 5.07
  Wyssachen 1,103 11.69
Total 82,472 331.04

MergersEdit

  • On 1 January 2021 the former municipality of Obersteckholz merged into Langenthal.[4]

HistoryEdit

The region was already known as the Oberaargau in the early Middle Ages (in Latin superior pagus Aragauginsis). However, this concept also included the Emmenthal.

In the High Middle Ages, the area was divided among the counts of Froburg, Aarwangen (later Grünenberg), Zähringen (later the Habsburgs).

As the political influence of the city of Bern increased in the late Middle Ages, the Oberaargau came more and more into its sphere of influence. In the 15th century, Bern conquered both the Oberaargau and the Unteraargau and ruled them as one.

When Bern lost its old power in 1798, the Unteraargau became the modern canton of Aargau. The boundary between the Oberaargau and Unteraargau was fixed in 1798 along the Wigger River. In 1802, however, it was shifted west to Murg river. This action was confirmed by the Act of Mediation of Napoleon in 1803 and the Congress of Vienna in 1815.

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ Based on the 2004/09/16 survey[2]
Citations
  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz, Mutationsmeldungen 2009 / Répertoire officiel des communes de Suisse, Mutations 2009 / Elenco ufficiale dei Comuni della Svizzera, Mutazione 2009 (PDF) (Report). Federal Statistical Office. 2009. 2776. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 November 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
  2. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Applikation der Schweizer Gemeinden". bfs.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 2021. Retrieved 26 January 2021.

External linksEdit